Within-Year Modification Request Form for FY 2008

 
Access CBFWA's Status of the Resource (SOTR) website or BPA's Report Center for more information on
Project 200311400 (Province: Mainstem/Systemwide Subbasin: Systemwide )
SOTR Province View
Status & Trends Projects Interactive Map Report
SOTR Subbasin View
Status & Trends Projects Interactive Map Report
SOTR Project & Correspondence
Project
Pisces Report
Project Status Work Funded

View Modification

Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Section 2: Description
Section 3: Related Projects
Section 4: Planning and Design
Section 5: Construction/Implementation
Section 6: Operations and Maintenance
Section 7: Monitoring and Evaluation
Section 8: Total Budget
Section 9: Project Documents
Part 2. Current Status of Modification Request
Part 3. Comments on this Modification Request


Part 1 of 3. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status BOG Meeting Date
November 28, 2007 Finalized December 5, 2007

Modification Type: FY 2008 Within-Year Ongoing
BPA Project Number: 200311400
BPA Project Name: POST Acoustic Tracking for Survival of Columbia R Salmon Smolts
COTR/BPA Project Manager: Tracey Yerxa
Agency, Institution or Organization Requesting Rescheduling: Kintama Research Corporation
Funding Type: expense
Project Leader: Dr. David Welch
Province: Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin: Systemwide
 
Contact Person
First Name: David
Last Name Welch
Address: 10-1850 Northfield Road
City, State Zip: Nanaimo BC V9S 3B3
Phone: 250-714-0045
Fax: 250-714-0045
Email: david.welch@kintamaresearch.org

Administrative Contacts
Primary Administrative Contact Secondary Administrative Contact:
Name Yvonne Muirhead Name Dr. Sonia Batten
Address: 900-5th Street Address: 10-1850 Northfield Road
City, State Zip: Nannaimo, BC V9R 5S5 City, State Zip: Nanaimo BC V9S 3B3
Phone: 250-714-0044 Phone: 250-756-7747
Fax: 250-714-0045 Fax:
Email: yvonne.muirhead@kintamaresearch.org Email: sonia.batten@kintamaresearch.org
Note: Note:

Section 2a: Description (Species Information)
Target Species Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook)

Provide explanations as to why the following alternative funding solutions are not feasible and will jeopardize the project:
Reduction in existing scope of project: (1) We are measuring survival of Snake & Yakima R spring chinook smolts down through the hydrosystem and then along the continental shelf. Within the existing budget, it has proven infeasible to support the temporary listening line at Astoria Bridge, which delineates marine from freshwater survival. This is a critical position to measure survival, but is the only location where we can feasibly cut back on the funded array-- all other locations are permanent, multi-year, deployments.

(2) We are requesting funding support for a new research element, which will allow the optimal design of a new POST array that will allow measuring the movements and survival of smolts down to 95mm in BOTH the river and the ocean.

Deferral of existing work elements to later date: (1) Deferring the Astoria Bridge sub-array: POST is currently measuring the same rate of survival down through the hydrosystem as is measured BELOW Bonneville, and LOWER than the survival rate in the coastal ocean. If true, then the dams have negligible effect on smolt survival. The Astoria line is critical in being the last freshwater location where we can measure survival prior to entering the ocean, and thus clearly delineates freshwater and ocean survival measurements. Maintaining this line provides critical data that improves the statistical credibility of the overall results. (In 2007, the detection efficiency of the Astoria Bridge line was 93%).

(2) New Research Element: We seek to complete the measurements needed to re-design an optimal POST array for newly available very small tags so that by 2009 we can be ready to deploy a fully costed new POST array that can be widely used by Columbia R researchers. This array will have a technical performance that meets or exceeds the performance of the PIT tag system, but will extend out into the ocean on a continental scale, and will be applicable to all Columbia R salmon smolts greater than about 95 mm long. The funding requested here will allow us to complete the measurements and design phases so that the full cost implications can be specified to Council & BPA.


Section 2b: Description (Location Information)
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Location Description
46° 13' 2 N 123° 51' 47 W Astoria Bridge (12 km from the mouth of the Columbia River)
Multiple Multiple Technical measurements will be made in typical freshwater, estuary, and ocean locatiosn needed to specify how a re-designed POST will perform

Is this/Are these the same study location(s) that was/were identified in the original proposal? Yes

Condition/situation creating the need for the modification:
Is the situation the result of a catastrophic event that occurred within the existing location? No
Has a habitat/population/mechanical/structural dilemma developed in the proposed study location since the contract was signed with BPA? No

Section 2c: Description (Work Element Information)
What work elements in the existing proposal does the proposed modification address?
Work Element Work Element Title
Part I: Astoria Bridge Modification of the 2007 design for receivers mounted on the Astoria Bridge.
Deployment of the Astoria Bridge array. Deploy 63 VR2-69KHz acoustic receivers by mounting them on the Astoria Bridge.
Recovery of the Astoria Brige array. Recovery of the Astoria Bridge receiver array once it has been determined that the tagged fish have gone past the line.
Analysis the Astoria Bridge metadata. Analysis of the deployment and recovery metadata for the Astoria Bridge array (QA/QC checks).
Data analysis of detection data. Data entry and analysis of the tag detection data uploaded from the acoustic receivers to determine detection efficiency. (Requires POST ocean detection data as well).
Calculate migration speed and survival rates. Analyze the tag detection data to measure speed of movement and survival rate to Astoria Bridge.
Part II: Re-design of the POST array to accommodate very small acoustic tags (V7: 69 KHz; V6:180 KHz). Re-design the POST array to evaluate the probablity of detection when using V6 tags transmitting at 180 KHz and V7 tags transmitting at 69 KHz. (V7 tags were not available when POST was originally designed).
Measure tag detection performance in freshwater Conduct field trials by deploying an array in the Columbia River impoundment to evaluate tag detection effiency in freshwater as a function of tag depth and sensor range.
Measure tag detection performance in the estuary. Conduct field trials by deploying an array in the Columbia River estuary near Astoria Bridge as a function of tag depth and sensor range.
Measure tag detection performance in the ocean. Conduct field trials by deploying an array in the ocean (continental shelf) to evaluate tag detection efficiency in a marine environment as a function of tag depth and sensor range.
Generation of tag detection probability contour plots. Contour plots will be generated to define the probability of tag detection as a function of tag depth and horizontal sensor range in freshwater, estuarine, and marine environments.
Optimization of the POST array architecture to include V6 and V7 tags. Evaluate V6, V7, and V9 tag detections in freshwater, estuarine and marine environments to calculate the optimal (minimal-cost/maximum information content) design for a modified POST array.
Prepare design proposal for New POST array. Specific design costs for different POST array configurations that can credibly answer key Columbia R conservation issues.

Proposed action to achieve the objective(s) Part I: Astoria Bridge

1)Revise and refine design of receiver mounting brackets for the Astoria Bridge sub-array.

Completed April 2007.

2)Deployment of 63 acoustic receivers along the Astoria Bridge.

Completed May 2007.

3)Recovery of 63 acoustic receivers along the Astoria Bridge.

Completed August 2007.

4)Analyze deployment and recovery metadata to ensure QA/QC of Astoria Bridge array

Schedule for completion-Winter 2007.

5)Data entry and analysis of detection data recovered receivers along the Astoria Bridge.

Schedule for completion-Winter 2007.

Part II: Re-design of the POST array to accommodate small tags (180 KHz) acoustic tags.

1)Conduct field trials to establish the detection range (proportion of transmissions successfully decoded) as a function of tag depth and horizontal range in various freshwater, estuarine, and marine environments using a variant of Kintama’s existing array deployment infrastructure.

a. A linear array of 20 closely spaced (25 m) VR2-180 KHz units will be deployed just off the sea or riverbed. These will be paired with VR2-69 KHz units.

b. Fixed transmission rate 180 KHz V6 tags and 69 KHz V7 & V9 tags will be lowered and held at precise depths below the boat, so that a pre-determined number of tag transmissions (N=50 or N=100) are emitted.

c. A special recording hydrophone will be used to digitally record the acoustic environment and characterize the background noise present at each site during the experiment.

d. All equipment will be retrieved, and the transmissions successfully recorded at each range downloaded. The data will then be divided up into time blocks corresponding to the discrete depths the tags were held at.

e. The proportion of transmissions recorded will be gridded into a matrix defining how transmission probability varies as a function of tag depth and sensor range.

Schedule for completion-March/April 2008

2) Generate probability contour plots of tag detections as a function of tag depth and horizontal range in various freshwater, esturarine, and marine environments using a variant of Kintama’s existing array deployment infrastructure.

Schedule for completion-May/June 2008

3) Develop and expand Kintama’s earlier optimization work to identify a minimal-cost/maximum information delivery array geometry and tag programming schedule appropriate for use with 180 KHz V6 tags & 69 KHz V7 tags. This will take the probability plots from section (2) as input and result in an optimal design for the overall array as the output.

a. Use basic data on transmission probabilities collected for different environments (river, estuary, ocean shelf) to develop a probabilistic description of how effective detection ranges for V6, V7, and V9 tags vary with tag depth and sensor range and the associated uncertainty.

b. Develop a formal optimization analysis to establish an appropriate array geometry and tag programming for V6 tags (that will also accommodate the 69 KHz V7 & V9 tags), which will give very high probability of detecting a tagged smolt crossing an acoustic curtain at reasonable capital cost.

c. A simulation analysis will be developed to define how a sparse grid of compatible receivers deployed in a Columbia reservoir can best be used to characterize overwinter residence and survival of non-migratory fall chinook.

Schedule for completion-August 2008


Does not implementing this modification jeopardize the ability to achieve existing biological objectives of this project, as well as other projects? Yes

Explain: The issue of the survival rate of salmon smolts to the Columbia R mouth is critical to many controversies concerning delayed mortality and survival following transport. Not deploying this line will weaken our results, by (a) reducing the statistical reliability of the results and (b) less clearly delineating between freshwater and marine effects on survival. To date, our results suggest that 1) Delayed mortality does not exist and (2) That transportation (barging) does not help because mortality rates in the ocean are the same as or lower than in freshwater for smolts of the same size.

Section 2d: Description (BiOp Information)
NMFS and/or FWS Biological Opinion that this funding request addresses Strategy
NMFS &/or USFWS
How proposed actions will address the BiOp
(i.e., substrategy / limiting factor / metric to be achieved)

Section 2e: Description (Objectives)
Objectives of this proposed project
Objective
(abbreviation)
Full Description
Part I: Astoria Bridge Deployment and recovery of 63 VR2-69KHz units along the Astoria Bridge to determine the movement and survival of migrating smolts out of the Columbia River. In Spring 2007, the smolts were tagged, divided into two different treatment types (run of the river and barged), and then released to compare survival rates once the smolts reached the Columbia rivermouth.
Conduct field trials Conduct field trials to establish the detection range (proportion of transmissions successfully decoded) as a function of tag depth and horizontal range in various freshwater, estuarine, and marine environments using a variant of Kintama’s existing array deployment infrastructure. a) A linear array of 20 closely spaced (25m) VR2-180 KHz units will be deployed just off the sea or riverbed. These will be paired with VR2-69 KHz units. b)Continuously transmitting 180 KHz and 69 KHz tags will be lowered and held at precise depths below the boat, so that a fixed number of tag transmissions (N=50 or N=100) are emitted. c)A special recording hydrophone will be used to digitally record the acoustic environment and characterize the background noise present at each site during the experiment. d)All equipment will be retrieved, and the transmissions successfully recorded at each range downloaded. The data will then be divided up into time blocks corresponding to the discrete depths the tags were held at. e)The proportion of transmissions recorded will be gridded into a matrix defining how transmission probability varies as a function of tag depth and sensor range
Optimization of the POST array Develop and expand Kintama’s earlier optimization work to identify a minimal-cost/maximum information delivery array geometry and tag programming schedule appropriate for use with 180 KHz V6 tags. a) Use basic data on transmission probabilities collected for different environments (river, estuary, ocean shelf) to develop a probabilistic description of how effective detection ranges for V6, V7, and V9 tags vary with tag depth and sensor range and the associated uncertainty. b) Develop a formal optimization analysis to establish an appropriate array geometry and tag programming for V6 tags (that will also accommodate the 69 KHz V7 & V9 tags), which will give very high probability of detecting a tagged smolt crossing an acoustic curtain at reasonable capital cost. c) A simulation analysis will be developed to define how a sparse grid of compatible receivers deployed in a Columbia reservoir can best be used to characterize overwinter residence and survival of non-migratory fall chinook

Section 3: Is This Funding Request Related to Other Projects in the Basin?

Other projects that are related to this request
Project # Project Title/Description Nature of Relationship

Section 4: Estimated Budget for Planning & Design phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Planning & Design
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?
Part I: Astoria Bridge Produce Design and/or Specifications Planning and design of the Astoria Bridge array. Re-design and re-deployment of the Astoria Bridge array. A total of 63 V2-69KHz acoustic receivers will be deployed along the Astoria Bridge. [Not Entered] 1 $102,248 No
Conduct field trials Develop RM&E Methods and Designs Re-design of the POST array to accommodate small tags (180 KHz) acoustic array. Conduct field trials in various (freshwater, estuarine and marine) environments to determine the probability of tag detection at various tag depths and horizontal ranges for V6 tags. 0.02 $39,520 No

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Planning & Design
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost

Outyear totals
Planning & Design

Section 5: Estimated Budget for Contruction/Implementation phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Contruction/Implementation
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?
Part I: Astoria Bridge Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Deployment of the Astoria Bridge array. Deploy acoustic receivers along the Astoria Bridge to detect tagged smolts as they migrate out of the Columbia River. 0.03 $43,554 Yes
Part I: Astoria Bridge Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Recover the Astoria Bridge array. Recovery of the deployed acoustic receivers along the Astoria Bridge to download detection data of the out-migrating smolts. The detection data will be analyzed to determine the speed and survival rates of the smolts. 0.03 $58,331 Yes
Conduct field trials Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Conduct field trials in freshwater. Conduct field trials to establish the detection range (proportion of transmissions successfully decoded) as a function of tag depth and horizontal range in freshwater using a variant of Kintama’s existing array deployment infrastructure 0.01 $15,045 Yes
Conduct field trials Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Conduct field trials in an estuarine environment. Conduct field trials to establish the detection range (proportion of transmissions successfully decoded) as a function of tag depth and horizontal range in an estuarine environment using a variant of Kintama’s existing array deployment infrastructure. Determine the detection probability as a function of tag depth and sensor range. 0.01 $18,195 Yes
Conduct field trials Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Conduct field trials in a marine environment. Conduct field trials to establish the detection range (proportion of transmissions successfully decoded) as a function of tag depth and horizontal range in a marine environment using a variant of Kintama’s existing array deployment infrastructure. Determine the detection probability as a function of tag depth and sensor range. 0.01 $18,195 No

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Contruction/Implementation
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost
Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Deployment and recovery of Astoria Bridge array. 2009 2009 $125,515

Outyear totals
Contruction/Implementation
FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012
$125,515 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0

Section 6: Estimated Budget for Operations & Maintenance phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Operations & Maintenance
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Operations & Maintenance
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost

Outyear totals
Operations & Maintenance

Section 7: Estimated Budget for Monitoring & Evaluation phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Monitoring & Evaluation
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?
Part I: Astoria Bridge Analyze/Interpret Data Data analysis of tag detection data Evaluate and analyze detection data generated from the tagged smolts migrating from the Columbia River. The detection data will help to determine the speed of migrating smolts, their survival rate as well as their migration path once the smolts leave the Columbia River. [Not Entered] 0.03 $4,800 No
Optimization of the POST array Analyze/Interpret Data Analysis of data generated from the three field trials. Evaluate and analyze data generated from the three field trials to develop an appropriate array geometry and tag programming for all three tag types (V6, V7, and V9) which will give high probability for detecting a tagged smolt crossing the line at reasonable capital cost. 0.4 $101,000 Yes

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Monitoring & Evaluation
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost

Outyear totals
Monitoring & Evaluation
FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012
$5,000 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0

Section 8: Total Budget Modification Request

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2008 Cost
Personnel Part I: Astoria Bridge $108,800
Supplies Part I: Astoria Bridge $3,000
Travel Part I: Travel, accomodation, meals for Kintama staff and subcontractors $35,335
Capital Equipment Part I: 63 VR2-69 KHz $85,428
Overhead Part I: Astoria Bridge $51,164
Personnel Part II: Re-design of the POST array to acccommondate very small tags $144,900
Supplies Part II: Re-design of the POST array to acccommondate very small tags $4,000
Travel Part II: Part I: Travel, accomodation, meals for Kintama staff and subcontractors $15,935
Capital Equipment Part II: 20 VR2-180 KHz $27,120
Overhead Part II: overhead $42,230

Total Estimated Budget Modification
Total FY 2008 budget modification $517,912
Total FY 2008 budget for this project, including modification request $1,717,912

Outyear Budget Totals
  2009 2010 2011 2012
Construction & Implementation $125,515 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0
Monitoring & Evaluation $ 5,000 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0
Total Outyear Budgets $130,515 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0

Cost sharing associated with this modification
Organization Item or Service Provided Amount ($) Cash or in-kind?

Section 9: Narrative, Maps and Project Documents
Document Type Size Date

Part 2 of 3. Current Status of Modification Request
Meeting Date Status Record Entry Date Decision Group Adjustment Category Urgency Status Budget Impact Reconsider Date
12/5/2007  11/28/2007  NA      Submitted  $517,912   
Decision Comments Next Steps
   
12/5/2007  12/5/2007  BOG  Budget  CAT-3b2: Loss of Monitoring and Evaluation Data  Under BOG Review  $517,912  2/20/2008 
Decision Comments Next Steps
This request is for FY'08 ($387,397) and '09 ($130,515).  This request is being pooled for the First Quarterly Review and Council recommendation in February. 
12/5/2007  2/13/2008  BPA      BPA Approved  $517,912   
Decision Comments Next Steps
BPA approved and council concurrence. $387,397 added to '08 budget and $130,515 added to '09 budget.   

Part 3 of 3. Comments on this Modification Request
There are no comments on this proposed modification.