Within-Year Modification Request Form for FY 2008

 
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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Section 2: Description
Section 3: Related Projects
Section 4: Planning and Design
Section 5: Construction/Implementation
Section 6: Operations and Maintenance
Section 7: Monitoring and Evaluation
Section 8: Total Budget
Section 9: Project Documents
Part 2. Current Status of Modification Request
Part 3. Comments on this Modification Request


Part 1 of 3. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status BOG Meeting Date
October 28, 2009 Finalized November 4, 2009

Modification Type: FY 2008 Within-Year Ongoing
BPA Project Number: 200733200
BPA Project Name: Mitigation of marine-derived nutrient loss in the Boise, Payette, and Weiser subbasins
COTR/BPA Project Manager: Jan Brady
Agency, Institution or Organization Requesting Rescheduling: Idaho Department of Fish and Game
Funding Type: expense
Project Leader: Gregg Servheen
Province: Middle Snake
Subbasin: Boise
 
Contact Person
First Name: Gregg
Last Name Servheen
Address: PO Box 25 600 South Walnut St
City, State Zip: Boise, ID 83707
Phone: 208-287-2713
Fax: 208-334-2114
Email: gregg.servheen@idfg.idaho.gov

Administrative Contacts
Primary Administrative Contact Secondary Administrative Contact:
Name Conan Chiu Name Gynna Loper
Address: PO Box 25 Address: PO Box 25
City, State Zip: Boise, ID 83707 City, State Zip: Boise, ID 83707
Phone: 208-287-2813 Phone: 208-287-2814
Fax: 208-334-2114 Fax: 208-334-2114
Email: conan.chiu@idfg.idaho.gov Email: gynna.loper@idfg.idaho.gov
Note: Note:

Section 2a: Description (Species Information)
Target Species all species

Provide explanations as to why the following alternative funding solutions are not feasible and will jeopardize the project:
Reduction in existing scope of project: Project is focused on mitigating loss of marine-derived nutrients. And it is doing so by comparitive applications of salmon/steelhead carcasses, analogs, and inorganic fertilizer. Reduction in the existing scope of the project will change the adaptive management approach we have taken on nutrient mitigation to a single treatment. We will loose the power of our comparitive design, previous investments in monitoring and study design, and any ability to determine relative mitigation efficacy among treatments.
Deferral of existing work elements to later date: Deferring purchase and application of inorganic nutrients for mitigation will delay the mitigation efficacy outcomes of our project. Deferring carcass pasturization and deployment jeopardizes measures of resource responses to carcass treatments and delays mitigation efficacy measurements and conclusions. Deferring analog purchase will not jeopardize treatments this year as we should have enough analog. Deferring updates and modifications to all permits this year will constrain work schedules and planning for 2011 and could jeopardize expansion of nutrient mitigation treatments and mitigation efficacy outcomes.

Section 2b: Description (Location Information)
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Location Description
Boise, Payette, and Weiser subbasins in the Mid Snake province

Is this/Are these the same study location(s) that was/were identified in the original proposal? Yes

Condition/situation creating the need for the modification:
Is the situation the result of a catastrophic event that occurred within the existing location? No
Has a habitat/population/mechanical/structural dilemma developed in the proposed study location since the contract was signed with BPA? No

Section 2c: Description (Work Element Information)
What work elements in the existing proposal does the proposed modification address?
Work Element Work Element Title
A B C D E F G Administration Permitting and compliance Animal Capture Data Collection Acquire and prepare nutrient mediums Implement plan Supplement nutrients

Proposed action to achieve the objective(s) Administration - allow for normal contracting and administration between IDFG and its implementation partners (WSU, ISU, and U of I) as well as others who may supply equipment, supplies, and services Permitting and Compliance - allow for updates of all permits and BA's (IDDEQ, USFS, USFWS) and to meet corresponding reporting requirements of permits Animal Capture - provide for the capture and capture equipment and field personnnel necessary to measure and tag fish and terrestrial species. Includes paying field personnel, purchase of supplies, pay per diem, rental of field station from USFS, purchase of equipment (Anabats, bear grid baits, sticky traps for insects, etc) Data Collection - provide funding to pay field personnel to collect information relevant to nutrient treatments (carcasses, analogs, and inorganic) according to SOW, to have such information and samples analyzed for isotopes, DNA, and chemistry and to pay for data analysis and collection tools (computers, data loggers, vehicle rental, etc). Nutrient Medium Acquisition - assess, prepare, and acquire nutrient mediums (carcasses, analogs and inogranic) for distribution into study streams Implement Plan - Support communications, meetings, travel, per diem, for field and project leadership and administration to implement the project. Apply nutrients - Acquire, transport, store, and pasturize fish carcasses from Rapid River, Ox Bow, Dworshak, and other hatcheries. Acquire and store analog. Acquire and store inorganic fertilizer. Apply all to streams as designed and scheduled. Progress report - support field and project ladership in the compiliation of the annual results into an annual report to BPA. Provide results in different forums and communicate and work with like projects in the CRB and elsewhere. Status reports for BPA - maintain and update PISCES reports

Does not implementing this modification jeopardize the ability to achieve existing biological objectives of this project, as well as other projects? Yes

Explain: Yes. We are requesting approximately 28% of our total budget, which is the amount that was provided by Idaho Power in both cash and in-kind cost share to the project. Without this budget modification, the more than 25% reduction in our resources will limit the number and type of stream treatments we can do as part of our nutrient mitigation project and it will limit the results and outcomes of the scientific monitoring we have included as part of our nutrient mitigation/watershed restoration project.

Section 2d: Description (BiOp Information)
NMFS and/or FWS Biological Opinion that this funding request addresses Strategy
NMFS &/or USFWS
How proposed actions will address the BiOp
(i.e., substrategy / limiting factor / metric to be achieved)

Section 2e: Description (Objectives)
Objectives of this proposed project
Objective
(abbreviation)
Full Description
Delin. trtmt and cntrl strms Objective 1. Delineate treatment and control areas within the Boise-Payette-Weiser subbasins. Task 1.1 Define and delineate elements affecting selection of treatment sites, including known bull trout distribution, historical occurrence of anadromous fish spawning areas, batholith geology, and cattle-grazing allotments. Task 1.2 Choose treatment and control sites. Task 1.3 Complete necessary NEPA and permitting. Methods for Objective 1: There will be a total of 12 streams initially involved in the management experiment. Treatment areas will be selected based primarily on overlap with bull trout, historical anadromous fish occurrence, batholith geology, and active cattle allotments. Three carcass, three analog, and three fertilizer stream treatments will be chosen based ideally on overlap of all these elements. We will also consider the differing effects of nutrient dispersal and enrichment from cattle grazing, we will make an effort to find positive (cattle grazing) and negative (no cattle grazing) controls based on overlap of bull trout presence, batholith geology, and historic anadromous fish presence. This design insures ability to determine whether anadromous fish analogs, carcasses, or fertilizer differ in their effect on aquatic and terrestrial systems, and whether or not cattle grazing and its associated nutrient and vegetative impacts affect nutrient uptake rates and pathways.
Reintrod nutrients Objective 2. Reintroduce marine-derived nutrients in selected watersheds using anadromous fish carcasses, analogs, and fertilizer in each of three years. Task 2. Distribute analogs, anadromous fish carcasses, and fertilzer in each of 3 selected watersheds respectively over three years. Methods for Objective 2: Place a minimum of 200 (depending on availability) fish carcasses within streams and riparian zones within a defined reach of previously anadromous spawning stream reaches during years 1, 2, and 3 of the project. Placement will occur during the normal spawning time--August-September. Place analogs in streams and riparian zones within a defined reach of previously anadromous spawning streams during years 1, 2, and 3 of the project. Placement will occur during the normal spawning time, August-September. We will work closely with Bio-Oregon, developer of the analogs, to examine the potential for using a product that may supply more phosphorus and calcium through modification during manufacturing. Release fertilizer in streams and riparian zones within a defined reach of previously anadromous spawning streams during years 1, 2, and 3 of the project. Placement will occur during the normal spawning time, August-September. We will work closely with product manufacters and available commercial products to best simulate the phosphorus, nitrogen, and calcium provided by historical anadromous fish runs.
Quan and model Objective 3. Following reintroduction of nutrient analogs, carcasses, and fetilizer in each of three years, quantify and model the contribution of nitrogen within the terrestrial vertebrate food chain in treated and control areas. Task 3.1. Capture selected vertebrate species including avian (dipper and kingfisher) and mammalian (mink, shrews, bats, small mammals) in treated and untreated watersheds. Task 3.2. Measure the occurrence of 15N in captured species. Task 3.3. Analyze and report on results. Methods for Objective 3: We hypothesize that treatments will have an immediate impact on the carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures of birds or mammals feeding on the carcasses. For other species, we expect a delay in the appearance of salmon-derived isotopes as they become incorporated into the plant and insect components of the food web before being consumed by mammals and birds. We will compare the isotope signature of foods before and after treatments to estimate the relative importance of salmon and their nutrients to bird and mammal diets. Small mammals and birds living in the immediate area of the test streams will be captured live with mist nets and box traps, weighed, banded or marked with PIT tags, and blood-sampled. Blood will be centrifuged and serum and red blood cells separated and frozen. Serum as well as salmon and other major plant and animal food resources will be analyzed for stable isotope ratios to determine the contribution of nitrogen and carbon originating in either the salmon analogs or the salmon. Video cameras will also be set up to monitor use of salmon by birds and mammals similar to the study of Cederholm et al. (1989).
Quan and model Objective 4.0. Following reintroduction of analogs, carcasses, and fertilizer in each of three years, quantify and model the contribution of nitrogen using plant foliar samples. Task 4.1 Sample foliage from bankside, adjacent upslope, and upslope mature/old-growth conifers and evaluate patterns of foliar 15N to assess historic inputs of marine-derived nitrogen. Task 4.2 Determine if low level annual fertilization of conifer seedlings and other plants using salmon carcasses and salmon analogs has significant impacts on foliar nutrient levels. Task 4.3 Analyze and report on results. Methods for Objective 4: To look at the relative importance of salmon to N abundance in riparian and adjacent upslope forests, we will collect foliage from older conifer trees. At each sample site, transects will run perpendicular to the river. Sun-grown foliage will be sampled from several conifer trees immediately adjacent to river, within the flood plain, upslope areas immediately adjacent to the floodplain and areas well above the floodplain. The transect length will vary depending on floodplain width and hillslope. The foliage will be refrigerated and returned to the lab for analysis of N isotopes and carbon: nitrogen ratio. Sites will be chosen to represent a range of current and historical salmonid abundance in addition to the sites outlined in Objective 1. In addition to surveying the current foliage we propose direct application of a slurry from carcasses, analogs, and fertilizer to seedlings in riparian forests along the streams/rivers in this study. Application will occur a level approximating input and timing from spawning salmon; 3 kg/ha/yr and 9kg/ha/yr applied directly to the soil adjacent to conifer seedlings. Relative to operational levels of forest fertilization (200 kg/hectare once in a 90-year rotation), the fertilization levels proposed here are low on an annual basis but would be expected to have a significant cumulative impact over the life of a forest. We are confident these low application levels should be detectable in young seedlings and herbaceous plants with a relatively small biomass. At each non-cattle placement site, 45 seedlings will be located (planted if needed) approximately 1000 meters above the site of aquatic carcass/salmon analogs placement. Twenty randomly chosen seedlings will receive enough direct soil application of carcass material ground with an equal amount of distilled water to equal 3 and 9 kg/ha/yr (10 each treatment). Twenty randomly-chosen seedlings will receive salmon analogs ground with an equal amount of distilled water to equal 3 and 9 kg/ha/yr and ten randomly-chosen controls will receive only distilled water. The 3 kg/ha/year was chosen as an approximation of fertilization levels from salmon carcasses using the following assumptions: 3.087 million kg N from returning salmon in the Columbia basin (Gresh et al. 2000), spread over 20,000 km of salmon-bearing stream in the Columbia system, is approximately 184 kg N /km of stream. We assumed 10% are washed up/deposited on the riparian forest floor within a 30m by 1km or 3 hectare riparian region. (184kgN/km*.10)/3=6.1 kg/ha divide by 2 to represent deposition on both streambanks. This estimate is approximately 3 kg N/ha/yr. This level was then tripled to 9 kg/ha /yr to represent areas where carcasses were more concentrated, such as spawning areas and historic fishing sites. The seedlings will be spaced far enough apart to limit “fertilization” from other treatments. Fertilization will be done at the same time as carcass/salmon analogs treatment in the stream. Following fertilization, we will measure percent foliar N, carbon:nitrogen ratios and foliar N isotope changes in conifer seedlings with and without direct application of fish fertilization. Fertilization and foliar analysis will be done on an annual basis for three years. Products: Analysis and report of 15N occurrence in conifer foliage samples with implications on the effects and distribution of marine nutrients in riparian areas and adjacent upslope forests. In addition, by directly fertilizing conifer seedlings, we will provide a framework for selecting alternatives for mitigating for the loss of marine-derived nutrients to terrestrial ecosystems in the Boise/Payette/Weiser subbasin.
Quan and model Objective 5. Following reintroduction of analogs, carcasses, and fertilizer in each of three years, quantify the contribution of nitrogen within the aquatic food chain. Task 5.1 Sample selected food web components (biofilm, invertebrates, and fishes) in treated and control reaches. Task 5.2 Measure biofilm mass, chlorophyll-a, invertebrate densities and mass, and fish densities and mass and lipids. Task 5.3 Measure 13C and 15N in biofilm, invertebrates, and fishes. Task 5.4 Analyze and report on results. Methods for Objective 5: Biofilm will be sampled from a known area on rock surfaces in study reaches. Samples for mass estimates will be dried, weighed, ashed, and reweighed to determine ash-free-dry-mass. Invertebrates will be sampled with a Hess sampler from riffles within the study reaches, placed in 70% EtOH, and sorted to genus in the laboratory. Their mass will be determined as described for biofilm. At each sampling location, invertebrates representing the two most universally common feeding guilds – shredders, grazers, collector-gathers or predators will be collected. Fish species will include one herbivorous (longnose dace), one omnivorous (mountain whitefish) and one predator (rainbow trout). Bull trout will be sampled when present. Fish will be sampled by electroshocking a minimum of 30 individuals from all age classes and species in all treatments. Length and weight will be recorded. Fish will be collected from pools near each of the same sites noted for biofilm and invertebrates. For isotope analysis (13C and 15N) of all components, whole body tissue samples will be prepared for analysis by freezing, and grinding the necessary amount of tissue needed for a sample (Kline et al. 1990; Bilby et al. 1996; Chaloner et al. In review). All sampling will be done in April-May and October-November. Three samples of every food web component will be taken from each site [4-6 sample components x 3 samples x 4 trts x 3 reps x 2-3 responses = 288-648 total samples per year]. Isotope analyses of 13C and 15N will be conducted at the University of Idaho following protocols described by Kline et al. (1990) and Bilby et al. (1996). Samples will be ground into powder and combusted to generate CO2 and N2 gas. The ratios in the evolved gases will be measured with a mass spectrometer. Isotope analysis will be conducted on biofilm, composite groups of invertebrates, and fishes and reported accordingly. Invertebrate and biofilm mass, chlor-a determinations and identification, and lipids will be completed at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, University of Idaho, or Washington State University. Assumptions: Since exploration of net carbon and nitrogen transfer within aquatic systems is expected to be enhanced, we believe reintroduction of marine-derived N in the form of analogs, anadromous fish carcasses, and fertilizer will result in immediate incorporation by various aquatic primary producers and consumers, thus will show up as elevated isotope levels of C and N. Nitrogen will get taken up following rapid release and mineralization from carcasses, analogs, and fertilizer and carbon taken up via direct consumption of tissue or eggs. Density and biomass responses to treatments are expected to be rapid and long-lasting (through the year) for biofilm, invertebrates and fishes because of direct consumption of tissue and eggs, indirect uptake via food web pathways, and because of the slow-release nature of the carcasses and analogs. We expect each each substitute will have a differing quantity and quality effect on terrestrial, vegetative, and aquatic food webs; which we will be able to gauge through our sampling. Quantifiable differences will be used to develop a model with which we can select a mitigation alternative. Products: Quantified levels of 13C and 15N and lipids within various trophic levels of the aquatic food web for treated and control study areas. Elevated densities and biomass of all trophic levels.

Section 3: Is This Funding Request Related to Other Projects in the Basin?

Other projects that are related to this request
Project # Project Title/Description Nature of Relationship
200890400 Salmon River Basin Nutrient Enhancement coordinating study designs, types of nutrients to be deployed and legacy vs extirpation area measures
200847100 Upper Columbia Nutrient Supplementation coordinating study designs, types of nutrients to be deployed and legacy vs extirpation measures
Idaho Accord proj Clearwater Nutrient Enhancement project coordinating types of nutrients to be deployed, efficacy and legacy measures

Section 4: Estimated Budget for Planning & Design phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Planning & Design
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?
Delin. trtmt and cntrl strms Identify and Select Projects Treatment Design Assess and select streams for treatment in Boise, Payette and Weiser subbasins based on treatment mediums, logistics, available resources, historical anadromous fish presence, and species to be monitored pre and post treatment Implementation plan 1 $5,000 Yes
Delin. trtmt and cntrl strms Manage and Administer Projects Administration and contracting Administer funding and contract work to be accomplished based on agreed upon BPA statement of work. invoices, monies paid and administered 3+ $10,000 Yes
Delin. trtmt and cntrl strms Produce Annual Report analyze results and produce report to BPA and others Assess field data, have samples analyzed, write results, submit report annual report 1 $10,000 Yes
Delin. trtmt and cntrl strms BPA Environmental Compliance Comply with all environmental regulations Acquire permits from IDDEQ, USFS, and USFWS for instream treatments. Do BA for USFWS for ESA species. permits, BA, listed species, permit reports 1 $10,000 Yes
Delin. trtmt and cntrl strms Produce PISCES Status Report submit PISCES reports submit PISCES reports and update as necessary on time reports, late reports 1 $5,000 Yes

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Planning & Design
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost

Outyear totals
Planning & Design

Section 5: Estimated Budget for Contruction/Implementation phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Contruction/Implementation
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?
Delin. trtmt and cntrl strms Produce Design and/or Specifications Assess and acquire nutrient treatment mediums Coordinate, acquire, transport, and store nutrient mediums. kgs of medium 1 $5,000 Yes

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Contruction/Implementation
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost

Outyear totals
Contruction/Implementation

Section 6: Estimated Budget for Operations & Maintenance phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Operations & Maintenance
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?
Reintrod nutrients Enhance Nutrients Instream Acquire, prepare, and deploy nutrient mediums into selected streams Purchase suitable inorganic and analog nutrient mediums for instream treatments in Boise, Payette, and Weiser. Acquire, store, pastureize and deploy salmon and steelhead carcasses in Boise, Payette, and Weiser. kg of nuttrient medium purchased, treated, stored, and deployed 1 $15,500 Yes

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Operations & Maintenance
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost

Outyear totals
Operations & Maintenance

Section 7: Estimated Budget for Monitoring & Evaluation phase for this request (request amount only)

Work element-based estimated budget
Monitoring & Evaluation
Objective Work Element Work Element Title Work Element Description Description of Metrics Task Duration
in FYs
Estimated Budget Subcontractor?
Quan and model Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Monitor mitigation treatments and model their results Measure rx of terrestrial species to nutrient treatments and model their relative efficacy. abundance, behavioral response, isotope presence, DNA 3+ $20,000 Yes
Quan and model Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Monitor mitigation treatments and model their results Measure rx of aquatic species to nutrient treatments and model their relative efficacy. abundance, behavioral response, isotope presence, growth rates 3+ $20,000 Yes
Quan and model Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Monitor mitigation treatments and model their results Measure rx of vegetative species and systems to nutrient treatments and model their relative efficacy. uptake, isotope presence, 3+ $20,000 Yes

Outyear work element-based estimated 2009 - 2012 budget for this proposal
Monitoring & Evaluation
Work Element Work Element Outyear Description Starting FY
numbers only
Ending FY
numbers only
Estimated cost

Outyear totals
Monitoring & Evaluation

Section 8: Total Budget Modification Request

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2008 Cost
Supplies inorganic nutrients $5,000
Travel field crew per diems for 5 mos $5,000
Other monitoring of treatments via contract $60,000
Other field crew vehicle rental, field station rental $18,000
Overhead IDFG overhead at 18% $22,500
Travel PI travel, coordination and communication $5,000
Other contract personnel to pasturize, transport, and store carcasses $5,000

Total Estimated Budget Modification
Total FY 2008 budget modification $120,500
Total FY 2008 budget for this project, including modification request $437,500

Outyear Budget Totals
Not applicable

Cost sharing associated with this modification
Organization Item or Service Provided Amount ($) Cash or in-kind?
Idaho Fish and Game personnel to lead and administer project $17,000 In-Kind
Americold freezer storage of 20-40K of carcasses $12,000 In-Kind

Section 9: Narrative, Maps and Project Documents
Document Type Size Date

Part 2 of 3. Current Status of Modification Request
Meeting Date Status Record Entry Date Decision Group Adjustment Category Urgency Status Budget Impact Reconsider Date
11/4/2009  10/28/2009  NA      Submitted  $120,500   
Decision Comments Next Steps
   
11/4/2009  11/4/2009  BOG  Budget  CAT-3a: Jeopardize Performance of Entire Project  Under BOG Review  $120,500  2/13/2010 
Decision Comments Next Steps
Loss of cost share from the Idaho Power Company.  This request will be pooled up for 1st Quarter Review with a Council recommendation and BPA decision in February. 

Part 3 of 3. Comments on this Modification Request
There are no comments on this proposed modification.