FY 2007 Solicitation Homepage

Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding (Revised Summer 2006)

Proposal 198806400: Kootenai River Native Fish Restoration and Conservation Aquaculture

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
July 14, 2006 Finalized Susan Ireland

Proposal Type: Ongoing
Proposal Number: 198806400
Proposal Name: Kootenai River Native Fish Restoration and Conservation Aquaculture
BPA Project Manager: Virgil Watts III
Agency, Institution or Organization: Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
Short Description: Prevent extinction and begin rebuilding healthy age class structure of sturgeon and burbot using conservation aquaculture techniques with wild broodstock. Reintroduce kokanee into westside tributaries. Provide fisheries program outreach.
Information Transfer: Data will be compiled, analyzed, and reported in progress and annual reports to BPA and USFWS, peer-reviewed publications, and various symposiums, conferences, and workshops (AFS, Native American Fish and Wildlife Society, International Sturgeon Symposium, bi-annual Columbia Basin sturgeon workshop, KVRI Burbot Conservation Committee and others). Information will be incorporated into project management and implementation, as well as shared with the local community stakeholder group (Kootenai Valley Resource Initiative) assisting in subbasin plan implementation. Information will also be available to other researchers, culturists, managers, planners, and regulators involved in planning and implementation of native fish species restoration.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
Susan Ireland Kootenai Tribe of Idaho County Rd. 38A P.O. Box 1269
Bonners Ferry ID 83805
Ph: 208.267.3620
Fax: 208.267.1131
Email: ireland@kootenai.org
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts
Kym Cooper Kootenai Tribe of Idaho County Rd. 38A P.O. Box 1269
Bonners Ferry ID 83805
Ph: 208.267.3519
Fax: 208.267.2960
Email: kym@kootenai.org
Supervisor
Susan Ireland Kootenai Tribe of Idaho County Rd. 38A P.O. Box 1269
Bonners Ferry ID 83805
Ph: 208.267.3620
Fax: 208.267.1131
Email: ireland@kootenai.org
Contract Manager
Project Lead

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Mountain Columbia ARG Province: No Change
Sponsor Subbasin: Kootenai ARG Subbasin: No Change
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
Kootenai River Kootenai River and associated tributaries Boundary, Idaho Kootenai No
48.7079 -116.3741 [none] Kootenai Tribal Sturgeon Conservation Aquaculture Facility Boundary, Idaho Kootenai Yes

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
Burbot
Kokanee
White Sturgeon Kootenai River DPS
All Resident Fish
White Sturgeon All Populations
Eagles, Heron, and Bears

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project
Fiscal Year Accomplishments
2005 Spawned 25 wild sturgeon. Produced 16 families. Released 2004 yc (36,114). Completed collaborative Burbot Conservation Strategy and MOU. Experimentally spawned burbot and incubated eggs to develop culture techniques. Planted 2.3 million kokanee eggs.
2004 Spawned 18 wild sturgeon. Produced 17 families. Released 2003 yc (12562) sturgeon juveniles. Experimentally spawned burbot and incubated eggs to develop culture techniques. Planted 3 million kokanee eggs. Adaptive Conservation Aquaculture Plan completed.
2003 Spawned 17 wild sturgeon. Produced 13 families. Released 2002 yc (14785) sturgeon juveniles. Initated revision of goals due to population demographic analysis. Investigated spawning techniques for burbot culture. Planted 1.5 million kokanee eggs.
2002 Spawned 12 wild sturgeon. Produced 9 families. Released 2001 yc (8856) sturgeon juveniles. Documented high wild survival rates of hatchery fish based on mark-recap studies. Investigated spawning techniques for burbot.
2001 Spawned 15 wild white sturgeon broodstock. Produced 10 families. Released 2000 yc (7311) sturgeon juveniles. Completed HGMP for white sturgeon aquaculture facility and APRE.
2000 Spawned 17 wild white sturgeon broodstock. Produced 11 families. USFWS RT reqeusts the release of more sturgeon. Completed HGMP and genetic analyses. Released 1999 yc (4260) sturgeon juveniles. Preliminary assessment of inheritance of mtDNA markers.
1999 Spawned 12 wild sturgeon. Produced 8 families. Released 1998 yc (309) sturgeon juveniles. Completed basic hatchery upgrade to bring Tribal facility up to minimum standard. BC sturgeon backup facility fully operational. Planted 450,000 kokanee eggs.
1998 Spawned 9 wild sturgeon broodstock. Produced 6 families. Monitored white sturgeon juveniles. Created partnership with BC Ministry of Fisheries to provide a "fail-safe" back-up facility. Planted 300,000 kokanee eggs.
1997 Spawned 8 wild white sturgeon broodstock. Produced 6 families. Released the 1995 yc (2085). Monitored white sturgeon juveniles. Planted 100,000 kokanee eggs. Implemented non-lethal sampling method for detection of white sturgeon iridovirus.
1996 Spawned 3 wild sturgeon broodstock. Produced 2 families. Monitored white sturgeon juveniles. USFWS draft recovery plan calls for use of KTOI conservation aquaculture program.
1995 Spawned 6 wild sturgeon broodstock. Produced 4 families. (1995-present) IDFG, KTOI, and BC recaptured hatchery released white sturgeon juveniles from the Kootenai River. Recapture data provides first juvenile habitat use, survival and growth information.
1994 No spawning due to ESA listing. Experimental release of 123 sturgeon juveniles (1992 yc). Monitored wild white sturgeon and sonic transmittered juveniles releases.
1993 Spawned 3 wild white sturgeon broodstock. Produced 2 families. No survivors due to WSIV outbreak. Monitored wild white sturgeon. Kokanee surveys in westside tributaries document drastic decline in returns.
1992 Spawned 4 wild white sturgeon broodstock. Produced 3 families. Experimental release of 118 white sturgeon juveniles (1990 and 1991yc). Monitored white sturgeon.
1991 Built low cost experimental facility and spawned 4 wild white sturgeon to determine gamete viability. (1991-present) Contributed monitoring information to cooperative IDFG database for white sturgeon.
1990 In cooperation with IDFG, spawned 1 female and 1 male wild white sturgeon in makeshift river-bank hatchery.
1989 Began cooperative sampling with IDFG to capture adult sturgeon. Began planning process for low capital experimental sturgeon hatchery.
1988 Proposed conservation aquaculture project to address concerns about white sturgeon gamete viability. Initiated Kootenai River white sturgeon studies and program planning.

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source)
Funding Source Related ID Related Project Title Relationship
BPA 198605000 Evaluate Sturgeon Physical Hab Complementary work to restore white sturgeon outside the geographical bounds of project 198806400.
BPA 198806500 Kootenai R White Sturgeon Inve Determines the status and limiting factors for the Kootenai River white sturgeon, burbot, whitefish, bull trout and redband rainbow trout stocks in the Kootenai River and effects of water fluctuations and ecosystem changes on these stocks. Cooperative database maintenance and cooperative sampling occur between the projects.
BPA 199404900 Kootenai River Resident Fish A Implements biomonitoring, data analysis, research, and adaptive management projects (i.e. nutrient restoration and stream rehabilitation) in order to identify best management strategies to enhance aquatic biota in the Kootenai River ecosystem to recover native species assemblages across multiple trophic levels.
BPA 199500400 Libby Reservoir Mitigation Pla Implements watershed-based enhancement and fish recovery actions in the Montana portion of the Kootenai Subbasin to mitigate the losses caused by hydropower development.
BPA 199502700 Lake Roosevelt Sturgeon Complementary work to restore white sturgeon outside the geographical bounds of project 198806400.
BPA 199608701 Montana Focus Watershed Coordi Provides resources for education and outreach related to watershed management, conservation and restoration. The focus watershed coordinator facilitates cooperation and coordination among partnering agencies and groups in the Montana portion of the Kootenai Subbasin.
BPA 199700900 Eval Sturgeon Pop - Snake R (L Complementary work to restore white sturgeon outside the geographical bounds of project 198806400.
BPA 200000400 Protect Wigwam R Bull Trout-Ko Monitors the status of wild, native stocks of bull trout in tributaries to Lake Koocanusa and the upper Kootenay River.
BPA 200200200 Enhance White Sturgeon Habitat Designs, implements, and evaluates habitat improvement and creation actions and altered hydro operations, monitors responses, and refines physical and hydraulic models to characterize sturgeon recruitment requirements, implement actions to restore recruitment.
BPA 200200800 Reconnect Floodplain Kootenair Assesses the feasibility and options for reconnecting slough habitat that has been isolated from the Kootenai River by flood control and dikes to benefit white sturgeon, burbot, rainbow trout, kokanee, many waterfowl species, many invertebrate species.
BPA 200201100 L. Kootenai Floodplain Assess. Assesses ecological function and habitat diversity losses due to Libby Dam construction and operation in order to develop long-term mitigation, protection, enhancement, and rehabilitation in historic large river-floodplain habitats in the Lower Kootenai River.
BPA 200302700 White Sturgeon Oxbow/Hells Can Complementary work to restore white sturgeon outside the geographical bounds of project 198806400.
Other: KVRI KVRI Kootenai Valley Resource Initiative (KVRI) Locally based effort to improve coordination, integration and implementation of existing local, state and federal programs that can effectively maintain, enhance and restore the social, cultural, economic, and natural resource bases in the community. KVRI is the forum for local involvement for subbasin plan implementation, as well as sturgeon and burbot restoration in the Lower Kootenai Subbasin

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture SBP Objective WST 2 and 3a. Achieve an estimated white sturgeon population that is stable or increasing with juveniles reared through a conservation aquaculture program available to be added to the wild population each year for a 10-year period. Achieve natural production of white sturgeon in at least 3 different years of a 10-year period. Prevent extinction, preserve genetic variability, and restore demographic viability of the Kootenai River white sturgeon population through the propagation and release of progeny produced from wild white sturgeon from the Kootenai River. (Recovery measure 2; BiOp RPA 4a and 4b). Kootenai Develop and implement conservation aquaculture program for white sturgeon using adaptive breeding plan, USFWS white sturgeon recovery plan, and SBP as a guide. 62-63
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture SBP Objectives BUR 3a and 3b and BUR 4. Achieve consistent natural recruitment in at least three different spawning areas. Achieve stable size and age distributions as determined by an upward trend in a 6-year moving average of population abundance. Achieve a minimum number of 2,500 adults per burbot population. (Burbot Conservation Strategy Measure 9.5) Kootenai Develop and implement a conservation aquaculture program for Kootenai River/Kootenay Lake burbot using the locally developed Burbot Conservation Strategy and SBP as a guide. 68-70
3 - Reintroduce Kokanee SBP Objective KOK3. Document greater than 50 adult spawning kokanee in selected tributaries by 2007. Document greater than 100 kokanee in selected tributaries by 2020. Develop a multi-year average of 250 adult spawning kokanee in selected tributaries by 2030. (KTOI/BEF Model Watershed Objective 4a.) Kootenai Reintroduce eyed kokanee eggs from the Meadow Creek spawning population in the North Arm of Kootenay Lake into selected tributaries to the Kootenai River to restore kokanee populations using KTOI/BEF Model Watershed objectives and SBP as a guide. 58-59
4 -Coordination, Outreach and Information Exchange SBP Objectives AP2, AP3, AP4, and AP5. Develop and maintain adequate regional and international coordination. Pursue and support independent peer review and scientific counsel. Support locally recognized stakeholder group to improve coordination and implementation. Provide for and support distribution of information. Kootenai Develop and maintain international, regional and local coordination to successfully implement project objectives. Support and enhance outreach and information exchange. Use SBP strategies as a guide. 90-92

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
1a: Produce Hatchery Fish 1a - Kootenai Tribal Sturgeon Hatchery Production Prevent extinction, preserve genetic variability, and restore demographic viability of the Kootenai River white sturgeon population through the propagation and release of progeny produced from wild white sturgeon from the Kootenai River. (Recovery measure 2) (BiOp RPA 4a and 4b). This work element includes all fish culture activities associated with the hatchery O&M contract: obtaining broodstock, spawning broodstock, incubating fertilized eggs, rearing juveniles, marking juveniles, and releasing juveniles into the Kootenai River, as well as monitoring genetics and the O&M associated with the back up facility in British Columbia. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $3,000,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1b: Maintain Fish Health 1b - Maintain and Monitor Fish Health at the Kootenai Tribal Hatchery Maintain, monitor, and evaluate health of fish at the Kootenai Tribal Hatchery and the British Columbia Hatchery and investigate the transmission of white sturgeon iridovirus. (Recovery measure 2.24.242). Includes the work performed under contracts for fish health maintenance, fish health monitoring, pathology sampling, laboratory processing of samples, and consultation with fish health professionals. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $60,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1c: Maintain Hatchery 1c - Kootenai Tribal Sturgeon Hatchery Maintenance Maintain and repair buildings, tanks, grounds, water treatment facility and associated equipment, boats, and vehicles. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $372,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1d: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1d - Monitor Hatchery Water Quality Monitor hatchery water quality to evaluate rearing conditions. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $10,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1e: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1e- Sturgeon Monitoring and Evaluation Monitor and evaluate survival, condition, growth, movement and habitat use of hatchery reared juveniles and adult white sturgeon released into the Kootenai River. 4/1/2007 11/30/2009 $360,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1f: Other 1f - Establish a Germ Plasm Repository Establish a germ plasm repository to insure against catastrophic loss of remaining genetic diversity of Kootenai white sturgeon. 6/1/2007 8/1/2009 $45,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1g: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1g - Cryopreservation Research with Kootenai Sturgeon Gametes Early embryo investigation to identify methodology for the preservation of the female germ line of white sturgeon. 12/1/2006 11/30/2008 $70,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1h: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1h - Monitor Effects of Contaminants on Kootenai White Sturgeon and Burbot Summarize historic information and assess bioaccumulation and potential chronic effects of environmental contaminants on white sturgeon and burbot. 4/1/2007 11/30/2009 $120,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

1i: Other 1i - Evaluate Experimental Non-essential White Sturgeon Population Evaluate the feasibility of developing and maintaining an experimental, non-essential population of Kootenai River white sturgeon. 12/1/2006 11/30/2007 $30,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

2a: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 2a - Develop Conservation Aquaculture Techniques for Burbot Evaluate feasibility and develop culture techniques for declining native burbot stocks in the lower Kootenai. 12/1/2006 11/30/2008 $110,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

2b: Trap/Collect/Hold/Transport Fish - Hatchery 2b - Burbot Gamete Collection - Experimental Collect mature adult burbot and fertilized eggs for conservation aquaculture experiments 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $30,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

2c: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 2c - Burbot Monitoring and Evaluation - Canada Complete burbot studies on the Kootenay River and Lake in Canada to identify life history traits, enumerate or index the remnant population, identify potential recruitment events, and evaluate re-introduction strategies. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $90,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend

2d: Produce Hatchery Fish 2d - Burbot Conservation Aquaculture Develop and implement conservation aquaculture program for burbot 12/1/2008 11/30/2009 $300,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

3a: Other 3a - Reintroduce Kokanee into Westside Tributaries to the Kootenai River Restore kokanee populations in the westside tributaries of the Lower Kootenai River by planting eyed eggs (native North Arm Kootenay Lake stock) into artificial redds. Monitor and evaluate spawner returns and fry outmigration. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $36,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
3 - Reintroduce Kokanee
No Metrics for this Work Element

4a: Manage and Administer Projects 4a - Provide Administrative Oversight of the Kootenai Tribal Fisheries Program Participate in the NWPPC process to secure funding for fish mitigation due to the operation of Libby Dam. (Recovery measure 4.42). Manage financial and procedural process of contracting. Manage and coordinate project elements. Participate in regional meetings and processes as appropriate. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $80,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4 -Coordination, Outreach and Information Exchange
No Metrics for this Work Element

4b: Produce Status Report 4b - Kootenai Native Species Restoration and Conservation Aquaculture Quarterly Reports Produce quarterly contract reports in PISCES 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $10,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4 -Coordination, Outreach and Information Exchange
No Metrics for this Work Element

4c: Produce Annual Report 4c - Kootenai Native Species Restoration and Conservation Aquaculture Annual Report Produce annual project report. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $30,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4 -Coordination, Outreach and Information Exchange
No Metrics for this Work Element

4d: Outreach and Education 4d - Kootenai Tribal Fisheries Program Outreach Develop and maintain international, regional and local coordination to successfully implement project objectives. (Recovery measure 4.45). Support and enhance outreach and information exchange. Maintain and support data storage and exchange. Use KVRI as forum for SBP implementation. Use SBP strategies as a guide. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $290,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4 -Coordination, Outreach and Information Exchange
No Metrics for this Work Element

5a: Council 3-step Process: Step 1 5a - Council 3-Step Planning Process: Step 1, Overall Coordination for Master Planning for Kootenai Tribal Hatchery Addition and Kootenai Burbot Aquaculture Facility Project management of the Step 1 planning process for a facility modification or addition to meet new objectives in the white sturgeon program (temperature control and additional rearing). Overall coordination to complete Step 1 submittal to NWPCC for Kootenai Burbot Aquaculture Facility. Step 1 is the conceptual/preliminary phase of the process. The key products needed for a Council decision are: 1) a program master plan and 2) an initial facility layout and cost estimate. 12/1/2006 7/20/2007 $150,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5b: Council 3-step Process: Step 2 5b - Council 3-Step Planning Process: Step 2 Overall Coordination for Kootenai Tribal Hatchery Addition and Burbot Aquaculture Facility Overall coordination required to complete Step 2 - For step 2, the key documents needed for a Council decision are: 1) NEPA and ESA review and 2) preliminary design leading to a more refined facility plan and cost estimate. This work element captures the labor and materials associated with coordinating the Step 2 process. It does not include any work associated with creating or revising any of the required documents. Step 2 is period where preliminary design and NEPA are accomplished. If a full EIS is required this could expand schedule for a full 2 years before proceeding to final design. Budget for NEPA included in Element 169. Preliminary engineering included in Element 175 12/3/2007 3/6/2009 $150,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5c: Council 3-step Process: Step 3 5c - Council 3 Step Planning Process: Step 3, Overall Coordination for Kootenai Tribal Hatchery Addition and Burbot Aquaculture Facility Activities necessary to coordinate Step 3 of the NPCC's 3-step process, the ‘final design' phase of the process. These activities include submitting required documents, responding to Council/ISRP questions, developing and providing additional materials, attending meetings with Council/ISRP, and making appropriate revisions, etc. For step 3, the key documents needed for a Council decision are: 1) 100% design plans and specifications and 2) a 100% cost estimate, with a 10-15% contingency. 5/18/2009 11/27/2009 $100,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5d: Manage and Administer Projects 5d - Provide Reporting, Budget Development and Plans for Step Activities All reporting and budget development associated with the step process, capital equipment purchase and construction (SOW elements, budget, quarterly and annual reports, PISCES reporting). Reporting to BPA on Step 1,2,3. 12/1/2006 11/30/2009 $60,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5e: Produce Design and/or Specifications 5e - Produce Engineering Documents and Estimated Budgets for Council 3-step Process Covers all work associated with the preparation of engineering or technical drawings, specifications and/or budgets required for submittal to the 3-step planning process for hatchery addition and burbot facility. This would also include a siting analysis as part of the Master Plan and incorporation of cost effectiveness analysis and energy efficiency parameters into the process and final design (Step 1-3). Budget is place holder for Step 1,2,3 engineering and specs. Actual design costs will be determined based on size, siting and complexities of faciltities. 12/1/2006 10/30/2009 $1,200,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5f: Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation 5f - Environmental Compliance for Kootenai Tribal Hatchery Addition and Burbot Facility All work associated with Step process and hatchery construction to assemble, gather, acquire, or prepare documents in support of obtaining environmental compliance from BPA (such as filling out a NEPA Checklist, providing maps, drafting a Biological Assessment, obtaining permits, conducting public involvement activities, completing an archaeological survey, etc.). This budget will depend on requirements for NEPA. This figure includes NEPA (EA or EIS), Permittting, BA etc. 10/5/2007 9/30/2009 $500,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5g: Conduct Pre-Acquisition Activities 5g - Conduct Pre-acquisition Activities for Land Purchase for Aquaculture Facility Conduct pre-acquisition activities associated with purchase of land for burbot facility and additional sturgeon rearing space. After a site is chosen then the following would occur: perform appraisal, perform title searches, perform land boundary surveys, provide legal descriptions, perform hazardous waste assessment, and secure purchase option. BPA internal costs and KTOI coordination costs for land aqusition activites 10/5/2007 4/4/2008 $30,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5h: Land Purchase 5h - Land Purchase for Aquaculture Facility Purchase land for burbot facility and additional sturgeon rearing space. This budget is a placeholder - need to define the actual parcel needed for facilities thorugh a siting analysis. 3/6/2009 9/17/2009 $1,000,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element

5i: Build Artificial Production Facility 5i - Construction of Kootenai Tribal Hatchery Addition and Burbot Aquaculture Facility Covers all work associated with the construction of a hatchery complex or any structural component of an artificial production facility or satellite facility (e.g., incubation rooms, rearing tanks/ponds, raceways, acclimation ponds, holding ponds, pumps, wells or other water supply, hatchery offices, staff housing, etc.). Also covers the expansion or replacement of any major component. This placeholder could be a range (4 million to 6 million) dependent on water supply issues facility size and complexities. 1/20/2010 8/3/2010 $ 0
Biological Objectives Metrics
1 - Restore Sturgeon: Conservation Aquaculture
2 - Restore Burbot: Conservation Aquaculture
No Metrics for this Work Element


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Other Freshwater Fisheries Society of BC - Fail safe facility $200,000 $206,000 $212,000
Other BC Ministry of Environment - Kootenay Lake M&E $69,000 $71,000 $74,000
Personnel 8.5 FTE $380,000 $391,400 $403,140
Fringe Benefits (approx 33% of personnel) $125,400 $129,160 $133,040
Travel [blank] $15,000 $18,000 $20,000
Supplies Supplies $61,000 $64,000 $67,507
Other U of I (Burbot Aquaculture and WSIV Research) $90,000 $95,000 $100,000
Other Building and Equipment Maintenance $114,000 $117,420 $120,942
Other Utilities and Insurance $61,000 $62,830 $64,715
Overhead 60% of Total Personnel Costs (NOT 60% of Total Contract) $302,400 $312,336 $321,710
Other Professional Services (animal health testing, database management, WQ analysis, etc) $45,000 $50,000 $55,000
Other U of I (Gamete Cryopreservation) $33,000 $35,000 $37,000
Other Contaminant and Reproductive Effects Analysis $45,000 $47,000 $49,000
Other Native Fish Education Outreach Project $50,000 $50,000 $25,000
Capital Equipment Hatchery Equipment/Truck $35,000 $20,000 $30,000
Other Project Coordination and Reporting Assistance $95,000 $95,000 $95,000
Other Step Process and Land Purchase- Capital $250,000 $975,000 $1,715,000
Totals $1,970,800 $2,739,146 $3,523,054

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$8,233,000
Total Work Element budget$8,233,000

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status
BC Ministry of Environment Kootenay River and Lake Management $60,000 $60,000 $60,000 In-Kind Confirmed
Congressional Appropriation Provided through Upper Columbia United Tribes for mitigation for fish and wildlife losses $60,000 $60,000 $60,000 Cash Under Development
Freshwater Fisheries Society of British Columbia Fish Culture Services $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 In-Kind Confirmed
Freshwater Fisheries Society of British Columbia Eyed Kokanee Eggs $22,000 $22,000 $22,000 In-Kind Under Development
University of California - Davis and College of So Information transfer about sturgeon culture issues $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 In-Kind Confirmed
University of Idaho Research Support and Oversight for WSIV and Burbot Culture $26,250 $26,250 $26,250 In-Kind Under Review
USFWS Dworshak Fish Health Center Disease testing $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 In-Kind Confirmed
Totals $253,250 $253,250 $253,250

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$6,850,000 $2,000,000 5 Million in FY2010 is a Capital Placeholder for Hatchery Construction
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
2,000,000 - O&M Increase with New Hatchery Production
 
Termination Date Comments
This project provides direct mitigation for lost native fisheries resulting from the construction and operation of Libby Dam and therefore should be implemented until the focal native species are recovered (See SBP Objectives, USFWS White Sturgeon Recovery Plan, and Burbot Conservation Strategy Recovery Goals)
 
Final Deliverables

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date
Fix-it Loop Documents
Documents Originally Submitted with this Proposal

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
Location:
Province: No Change
Subbasin: No Change
Primary Focal Species
No Change
ARG Comments: [none]


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 NPCC Rec
$1,970,800
FY 2008 NPCC Rec
$2,465,200
FY 2009 NPCC Rec
$2,866,520
Total NPCC Rec
$7,302,520
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Recommendation:Fund
NPCC Comments: The expansion (for sturgeon and burbot) Work Element 5a, dependent upon favorable step review. Step 1 deliverable (Master plan) due July 20, 2007. Capital review needed for facility construction and land purchase in outyears per step sequence.


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 NPCC Rec
$1,970,800
FY 2008 NPCC Rec
$2,465,200
FY 2009 NPCC Rec
$2,866,520
Total NPCC Rec
$7,302,520
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
NPCC Comments:
NPCC Staff Comments: The expansion (for sturgeon and burbot) Work Element 5a, dependent upon favorable step review,Council 3-step Process: Step 1. Deliverable (Master plan) due July 20, 2007. Capital review needed for facility construction. Need to determine what portion is capital

Local or MSRT Comments: Budget reductions occurred in FY09 regarding the proposed land purchase. The OG requests that land purchased for hatchery construction be capitalized.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable (Qualified)
Comments: This is an excellent proposal in many respects. The project has a history of being well managed and productive. But its breadth and complexity can be confusing and have led to questions and concerns, some of which remain even after an excellent and thorough response to ISRP’s initial comments. The main qualifications in the ISRP’s endorsement are that there are too many loosely linked projects under one umbrella and that the relatively weak kokanee reintroduction work should show substantive progress or begin to develop alternate approaches to the problem.

The response adequately clarified questions raised by the ISRP. The sponsors responded explicitly to technical questions the ISRP raised and to the complexity of the project. It is hard to argue with the overall success of this project over several years. The intent and rationale of the sponsors on each question are now clearer. Abundant documentation is provided, both from the literature and from their own publications. The new and revised tables are especially helpful and should aid not only this project but others in the Kootenai. However, the ISRP continues to be uneasy about the large scope of this project that is reflected in the large proposal, many ISRP preliminary comments, and extensive responses. The ISRP encourages further exploration of the administrative value of separating some portions (e.g., the burbot work) from other components.

The summary of the Kootenai River system and associated fish species was well done. The maps were particularly helpful. The technical and scientific background was improved in the response by adding information on what action is going to be taken to address each of the identified problems, and why the sponsors think the action is appropriate. The linkage of project objectives and limiting factors (page 13) is good but would have been more appropriate in the rationale or objectives sections. The proposal addresses species identified in subbasin and regional plans using restoration strategies identified in those plans.

There are clearly many projects that are ongoing in the Kootenai River subbasin that are related to this proposal, and many are identified. The overall level of collaboration on this project is very good. It is well integrated into other activities in the basin and communication and cooperation are very good among agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and Tribes. A particularly constructive element in this section of the proposal is Table D1, which was modified in the response to show the main actions that will be taken by each project.

The project history, which was interesting but overly long, shows that there is significant potential for intermediate term benefits for white sturgeon. Because of the long lifespan of sturgeon it is possible that cultured individuals released into the wild could provide gametes or embryos to maintain the population for several decades. The sponsor's rationale for artificial production and the quantitative analysis leading to that conclusion are explained in the response and by the recent paper published in Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. Nonetheless, there is considerable concern about the long-term prognosis of this project. It is not clearly established that the Kootenai stock was ever strong, nor that, under existing habitat conditions, it can recover to a level envisioned. The lack of clear evidence for stock distinctiveness is an issue as well.

For burbot, at this time the results of efforts to collect broodstock and culture juveniles is discouraging and not promising. Beginning a cell line for viral investigations for burbot at this early state of their culture seems premature and the response simply restated the sponsor’s view.

The summary of kokanee reintroduction was initially confusing but clarified in the response. Because kokanee are abundant elsewhere in the system and they have been introduced throughout the western US in reservoirs and lakes, it seems like there are survival factors that need to be corrected before expecting their reintroduction to this area to be successful.

The proposal adopts the overarching objectives from the Kootenai subbasin plan. One weakness is that a timeline to achieve numerical abundance is not provided, a second is a lack of evidence that the objective is achievable using the strategies employed. The project is very broad in scope. Some of the work elements are appropriate and employ the best available scientific techniques. For other work elements, the experimental design and approach is not entirely defensible. The response helped clarify most of the ISRP’s questions in the preliminary review, if only to reassert the sponsor’s views.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Response requested
Comments: This is an excellent proposal in many respects. The project has a history of being well managed and productive. But its breadth and complexity can be confusing and have led to questions and concerns.

The summary of the Kootenai River system and associated fish species was well done. The maps were particularly helpful. The technical and scientific background is a bit long, but could be improved by adding a very brief sentence or paragraph on what action is going to be taken to address each of the identified problems, and why the sponsors think it is an appropriate action. The linkage of project objectives and limiting factors (page 13) is good but would have been more appropriate in the rationale or objectives sections. The proposal addresses species identified in subbasin and regional plans using restoration strategies identified in those plans. Discussion of some material seemed tangential, such as the BEF 10 Model Watershed Program.

There are clearly many projects that are ongoing in the Kootenai River subbasin that are related to this proposal, and many are identified. The overall level of collaboration on this project is very good. It is well integrated into other activities in the basin and communication and cooperation is very good among agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and Tribes. A particularly constructive element in this section of the proposal is Table D1. However, in addition to the elements present in the table, it would be helpful to have a row identifying the main action that will be taken by each project. This section would be more useful if the strategy(ies) for restoration in the basin were established, and the tasks needed to fulfill those strategies were then identified and linked to different projects.

The project history, which was interesting but overly long, shows that there is significant potential for intermediate term benefits for white sturgeon. Because of the long lifespan of sturgeon it is possible that cultured individuals released into the wild could provide gametes or embryos to maintain the population for several decades. Artificial production for conservation of long-lived fish may have a more reasonable basis than artificial production for conservation of short lived fish like salmon. Nonetheless, there is considerable concern about the long-term prognosis of this project. It is not clearly established that the Kootenai stock was ever strong, nor that under existing habitat conditions, that it can recover to a level envisioned. The lack of clear evidence for stock distinctiveness is an issue as well. For burbot, however, at this time the results of efforts to collect broodstock and culture juveniles was discouraging and not promising. Less than 1% of the eggs survive.

The summary of kokanee reintroduction is confusing. Several streams have been monitored and apparently have very low abundance of spawning kokanee, even though eggs have been introduced into streams since 1997. It is not clear that these streams are the same as those that have been surveyed for redds. It is also not entirely clear from the text that these "lower Kootenai tributaries" are also the "south arm tributary stream" where reintroduction is desired. Because kokanee are abundant elsewhere in the system and kokanee have been introduced throughout the western US in reservoirs and lakes, it seems like there are survival factors here that need to be corrected before expecting their reintroduction to this area to be successful.

The proposal adopts the overarching objective from the Kootenai subbasin plan. The weakness is that neither a timeline for numerical abundance is provided, nor is there evidence that the objective is achievable using the strategies employed. The project is very broad in scope. Some of the work elements are appropriate and employ the best available scientific techniques. For other work elements the experimental design and approach is not entirely defensible. Because of the breadth of activities in the proposal the objectives and work elements are considered below individually. Responses are requested where indicated.

Objective 1. Sturgeon conservation aquaculture (1.a.1 - 1.a.8) was considered generally sound and acceptable.

1.a.9. A justification for monitoring genetic variation in hatchery white sturgeon was not established in the scientific and technical background. The basis for this work element is not clear. The rationale for increasing production ("Release up to 10,000 fish per family from both facilities. Release fish at smaller sizes") because the next generation will be largely derived from hatchery fish is not convincing. The sponsors should perform a quantitative justification before implementing this action. Please respond.

A portion of the proposal suggests that natural embryos are regularly caught. The project sponsors have not discussed catching naturally produced embryos and rearing them until 1 or 2 years and then releasing them. This could perhaps circumvent the juvenile period when mortality is thought to be severe, and at the same time avoid the domestication effects of broodstock collection and artificial mating. Why has this not been evaluated as an approach? Please respond.

1.a.10. Why are 50 broodstock being maintained? Is domestication not an issue? Please respond.

1.e.1., 1.e.2, 1.e.3. The proposal plans to conduct white sturgeon index sampling on the Kootenay River in B.C. The description of the sampling is insufficient to judge whether the precision and accuracy of the data can serve the management needs of the program. Additional statistical validation seems necessary. Please respond.

1.e.5. The proposal plans to maintain a base station telemetry array to monitor adult and juvenile sturgeon. The explanation of how the data will inform management is lacking. A better linkage between understanding the biological attributes of the species and decision options for management is needed. Collecting more data on life history is good science, and using state-of-the-art technology is exciting. But if it does not inform management choices then it may be an expensive luxury. There is also no clear identification of what is going to be performed under this work element. Is it the seven new VR2 receivers identified in the final paragraph on page 98? A better explanation of the role of the array and its needs are warranted. Please respond.

1.g. Cryopreservation research is proposed. The need to develop technology to use primordial germ cells (PGCs) implanted into embryonic fish to expand the genetic variation in the female germ line is insufficiently established. Wouldn't the PGCs frozen for implanting simply reflect sibs that were reared to full term and released into the wild? How will this approach quantitatively expand the genetic base of the population? This portion does not appear sound. Please explain in a response.

1.h. Monitoring the effects of contaminants is proposed but there is insufficient scientific justification presented for this effort. Please respond.

1.i. Evaluation of an experimental non-essential white sturgeon population does not appear to be justified at this time.

Objective 2. Burbot Conservation Aquaculture.

2.a.1. Optimize adult collection. It is not sufficiently clear what specific actions are being proposed. A response is required.

2.a.2. Spawning. Sufficient detail is not presented. Please provide.

2.a.3. Repeat/confirm incubation trials. It would be better if a new incubator design for testing were provided here, not just a statement that "other possible incubator designs be tested." In general, the burbot culture work needs to identify the tasks (steps) needed to be developed to move culture from an experimental to production phase, what stage they are at for each of these tasks, and the specific experiments to be conducted during this project solicitation cycle. Can this be provided?

2.a.7. Development of burbot cell lines for virus isolation is not yet justified. Please justify or delete?

2.b.1. Obtain adult burbot and gametes for fish culture experiments. It is not clear what experiments will be performed with the adults collected and transported to the University of Idaho. Is this the source for the earlier work elements under 2.a? Please clarify.

Population indexing needs more justification. It is not clear from the presentation that the precision and accuracy of the estimates will support management decisions. Reintroduction work is premature at this time. Please clarify.

2.d. Planning for implementation of burbot conservation aquaculture seems premature at this point. It does not appear that the primary culture techniques will be established during this funding period. Please respond if you believe such planning is justified?

Objective 3. Reintroduce Kokanee. The data provided in the project history section of the proposal seem to suggest that kokanee reintroduction is not succeeding. An interpretation of progress to date is needed, an explanation of what the limiting factors are believed to be and that they have been addressed. A timeline for evaluation and reappraisal is needed. Please respond.

Objective 5. A 3-step process and Master Plan for Kootenai white sturgeon and burbot does not seem justifiable at this time. This should be reconsidered based on a revised aquaculture proposal, and considering continued progress in meeting both improvements in natural production of white sturgeon and hatchery production of burbot.

Monitoring and evaluation are important in this project. But there are several elements to this proposal. A more thorough review would be required to determine if the M and E is sufficient to determine if the projects achieved their goals and benefited fish and wildlife. There is a strong need to stay on top of actual progress on this project, because the long lifespan of the sturgeon can result in progress measurable over many years.

Facilities are fine, and communication has been excellent among the Kootenai projects. The sponsors are encouraged to publish in the open literature.

Some concluding general comments:

This work must be determined to not duplicate other agency work proposals in the basin. There are many players working on the few white sturgeon in the basin. In light of what is known (and not known) about Chondrostean life histories and the limited genetic information to date, there are legitimate questions about the rationale thus far of favoring and relying on a conservation hatchery program for the Kootenai over a simpler and potentially much cheaper stocking program from downriver stocks. This option should at least be reconsidered as the years pass. Since 1988, numbers of wild fish in the Kootenai continue to decline, and costs increase yearly. This stock has the same fundamental genetics as other proximate stocks, but with lower genetic diversity than the other groups.

The Kootenai is an abnormal system so fish will do things in an abnormal way. White sturgeon are slow to evolve. In this and other Kootenai proposals, there may be overemphasis on the uniqueness of these fish, which may simply reflect the abnormal environmental conditions now present. Because the proposal has become so complex, it may be better for the burbot work to be separated into another proposal.

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