FY 2007 Solicitation Homepage

Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding (Revised Summer 2006)

Proposal 199204000: Redfish Lake Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Rearing and Research

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
July 12, 2006 Finalized Desmond Maynard

Proposal Type: Ongoing
Proposal Number: 199204000
Proposal Name: Redfish Lake Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Rearing and Research
BPA Project Manager: Gregory Baesler
Agency, Institution or Organization: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Short Description: This ongoing project provides a safety net captive broodstock program preventing the extinction of Redfish Lake sockeye salmon. It also produces prespawning adults and eyed eggs for use in Idaho's recovery efforts for this ESA-listed endangered species.
Information Transfer: The data from this project will be shared among members of the SBTOC, used in producing NMFS agency guidelines on cpative broodstock rearing and release protocols, and published in peer reviewed journal articles.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
Desmond Maynard NOAA P.O. Box 130
Manchester, Washington, 98353
Ph: 360 871-8313
Fax: 206 842-8364
Email: des.maynard@noaa.gov
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts
Desmond Maynard NOAA P.O. Box 130
Manchester, Washington, 98353
Ph: 360 871-8313
Fax: 206 842-8364
Email: des.maynard@noaa.gov
Project Lead

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Mountain Snake ARG Province: No Change
Sponsor Subbasin: Salmon ARG Subbasin: No Change
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
44.1190 -114.9281 Redfish Lake Creek Redfish Lake and its outlet stream. Custer, Idaho Salmon No

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
Sockeye Snake River ESU

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project
Fiscal Year Accomplishments
2005 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 172 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, and produced over 142,640 eyed eggs for use in recovery efforts.
2004 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 241 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, generated 136,069 eyed eggs for use in recovery efforts, and purchased the Burley Creek sockeye hatchery site.
2003 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 280 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, and generated 139,359 eyed eggs for use in recovery efforts.
2002 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 131 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, and generated 72,446 eyed eggs for use in restoring anadromous sockeye salmon runs to Redfish Lake.
2001 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 68 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, and generated 103,707 eyed eggs for use in restoring anadromous sockeye salmon runs to Redfish Lake.
2000 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 61 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, generated 94,418 eyed eggs for use in recovery efforts, and with IDFG collaboration returned 257 sea run adults to Redfish Lake.
1999 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 65,400 eyed eggs for use in restoring anadromous sockeye salmon runs to Redfish Lake, and with IDFG collaboration returned 7 anadromous adults to Snake River Basin Lakes.
1998 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population and produced 47,500 eyed eggs for use in restoring adnadromous sockeye salmon runs to Redfish Lake.
1997 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced 40 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, and generated 168,000 eyed eggs for use in restoring anadromous sockeye salmon runs to Redfish Lake.
1996 The project maintained safety net captive broodstock population, amplified the population over 250 times, produced 80 adults for natural spawning in Redfish Lake, and generated 413,600 eyed eggs for use in restoration activities.
1995 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population and concluded pilot research demonstrating sockeye salmon captive broodstock survival, age of maturation, size, and fecundity is similar in ground and UV treated seawater.
1994 The project maintained the safety net captive broodstock population, produced the first 48,000 eyed eggs for use in recovery efforts, and continued to refine captive broodstock rearing strategies for sockeye salmon.
1993 The project maintained the safey net captive broodstock population and began refining captive broodstock rearing statergies for sockeye salmon.
1992 The project initiated the safety net captive broodstock program for the anadromous run of Redfish Lake sockeye salmon listed as Endangered under the United States Endangered Species Act.

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source)
Funding Source Related ID Related Project Title Relationship
BPA 199009300 Genetic Analyses of Oncorhynch The University of Idaho has been conducting genetic analysis of Snake River sockeye salmon.
BPA 199107100 Sockeye Salmon Hab & Limnologi The Shoshone-Bannock Tribe is conducting habitat and limnological research for rebuilding efforts for Snake River sockeye salmon.
BPA 199107200 Redfish Lake Sockeye Salmon Ca Half the captive population is maintained by IDFG to prevent complete gene pool loss should a physical or pathogen related catastrophic event occur at either the IDFG or the NOAA facility. IDFG leads all Snake River sockeye salmon reintroduction and field research activities.
BPA 199305600 Demonstration of Captive Salmo This NOAA led refinement of captive broodstock technnology is necessary to maximize potential of captive broodstock recovery programs for ESA-listed stocks of Pacific salmon in the Columbia River Basin.

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
2000 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery In the 2000 Biological Opinion, maintenance of an ESA-listed captive broodstock that can be used to restore anadromous sockeye salmon to the Snake River is a NMFS identified safety net program meeting the needs of RPA action item 177 identified in Section 9.6.4.3 of the 2000 NMFS FCRPS Biological Opinion. None RPA 177 9-160
2004 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery The hatchery actions for the Updated Proposed Action for the 2004 FCRPS Biological Opinion calls for the Action Agencies to continue funding of both existing safety net programs for Snake River Sockeye (pg 4, 66, and 86) listing “the continued operation of the existing safety-net program for Snake River sockeye” as a performance objective. In addition, the document calls for the construction of additional sockeye smolt rearing facilities and funding the production of an additional 150,000 smolts (pg 15 and 86). The 2004 FCRPS Biological Opinion concurs with these UPAs for Snake River Sockeye salmon (pg 6-66 and 6-135). In addition, increasing program production by another 150,000 sockeye smolts and developing a second smolt rearing facility is a Biological Opinion conservation recommendation (Section 9.0, pages 9-1 and Appendix F, pg F-8). Implementation language for the UPA can be found on the following pages of the Implementation Plan: Page 3 (Hatchery Actions, and Research, monitoring and evaluation sections). Pg. 5 Hatchery Measures section). Pg. 30 (Section E. Hatchery Actions for Snake River sockeye). Pg. 32 Near- and long term priorities for Snake River sockeye. Pg. 54 (Addressing sockeye salmon conservation recommendations for the Biological Opinion). None Snake River Sockeye Safety Net 4,15, 66, 86
Aquatic Objective 1B (Produce fish for recovery) "Achieve goals defined in Table 6 (Sockeye 8,000-44,500 future returns, 2,000 natural spawning component, and 2,000 harvest component) for the Salmon subbasin through application of artificial propogation program. Minimize short- and long-term genetic, ecological, and life history effects on wild populations." The project aids in accomplishing these goals by annually producing up to 250 prespawning adults for natural spawning and up to an additional 125,000 eyed eggs for release in recovery efforts. Salmon Strategies 1B2: Implement additional artificial propogation programs to meet goals identified in Table 6 for anadromous salmonids... Strategies 1B3: Implement innovative propogation techniques to meet goals identified in Table 6 for anad. salmonids... 21
Aquatic Objective 2A (Maintain safety net) "By 4th field hydrologic unit, carry out focused activities designed to improve our understanding and definition of small populations, while protecting the genetic integrity of wild populations that are below historical levels". Along with its IDFG partners the project is carrying out focused activities following strategies 2A1, 2A2, and 2A5. These include continuation of onging captive broodstock programs (safety net intervention) and developing new smolt release programs to meet interim abundance and delisting goals. These combined actions help provide the gene conservation measures needed to meet the Salmon Subbasin Plan's goal of preventing the irreversible loss of genetic diversity. Salmon 2A1: Preserve the genetic integrity of existing wild stocks... 2A2: Continue ongoing and develop new programs in areas where intervention has already occurred...support refinement...captive broodstock... 2A5: Apply safety net hatchery intervention. 23 and 24

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Obtain environmental compliance Prepare and submit ESA Section 7 propagation permit application, ESA Section 7 propagation report, and appropriate fish transfer permit applications for States of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho for shipping of live eggs and fish. Coordinate with BPA staff to ensure complete NEPA/ESA clearance for all BPA funded program activities. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $3,121
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Maintain Hatchery Burley Creek freshwater rearing location This work element encompasses a variety of grounds, building, and equipment maintenance activities required to ensure the Burley Creek hatchery provides a high quality salmon culture environment. It includes routine installation, service, and maintenance of wells, degassing towers, chillers, generators, disinfection equipment, alarms, pumps, plumbing, electrical equipment, rearing vessels, fish culture equipment, buildings, and hatchery grounds. The work includes activities such as changing UV bulbs, repairing pumps, maintaining incubation system, servicing generators, fixing broken waterlines, repairing plumbing, mowing grass, maintaining pavement, removing snow, etc. All routine equipment maintenance to be appropriately logged. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $534,548
Biological Objectives Metrics
2000 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
2004 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
Aquatic Objective 1B (Produce fish for recovery)
Aquatic Objective 2A (Maintain safety net)
No Metrics for this Work Element

Maintain Hatchery Manchester Marine Station seawater rearing location This work encompasses a variety of grounds, building, and equipment maintenance activities required to ensure the Manchester Research Station can provide a high quality salmon culture environment for these anadromous fish during the marine portion of their life cycle. It includes routine installation, service, and maintenance of chillers, generators, disinfection equipment, ozone generators, alarms, pumps, plumbing, electrical equipment, rearing vessels, fish culture equipment, buildings, and grounds. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $437,029
Biological Objectives Metrics
2000 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
2004 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
Aquatic Objective 1B (Produce fish for recovery)
Aquatic Objective 2A (Maintain safety net)
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Hatchery Fish Produce pre-spawning adults, eyed eggs, and juveniles NOAA Fisheries produces Snake River Sockeye Salmon at the Northwest Fisheries Science Center's (NWFSC) freshwater rearing facility at Burley Creek and its seawater rearing facilities at the Manchester Research Station. These two facilities annually provide high quality freshwater and seawater salmon culture for about 2,000 Redfish Lake sockeye salmon drawn from several year classes. Along with IDFG's companion program at Eagle Hatchery this captive broodstock provides the main safety net for this ESA listed species in years when no fish return from the sea and provides hundreds of thousands of eyed eggs for recovery activities. NOAA Fisheries captive broodstock and adult release groups, as well as IDFG's captive broodstock, are usually derived from a common pool of eggs at IDFG's Eagle facility to ensure no genetic lineage is lost in the event of a catastrophic failure at any one facility (Manchester, Burley, or Eagle). The captive broodstock rearing of each year class will begin by selecting 900 eyed eggs, out of the hundreds of thousands eggs that have been spawned by NOAA Fisheries and IDFG that year, for inclusion in NOAA Fisheries's safety net rearing project. The selection will be done in a manner that provides the best genetic representation possible for that year class. After selection the eggs and the resulting yolk sac fry they produce will be incubated in isobuckets until the fry reach the swimup (buttonup) stage, at which time they will be transfered to fry growout tanks. When the fish reach the smolt stage (the physiological process that prepares them for life at sea), about half the fish will be transfered to Manchester for marine rearing, while the other half will be retained at Burley for continued freshwater rearing. The seawater reared fish will be maintained at Manchester until they show the initial signs of maturation, at which time they will be transferred back to Burley to complete ripening in freshwater in accordance with their natural life cycle. When they are about a month from spawning some of the maturing fish will be transferred to Idaho for release into Redfish Lake where they will be allowed to spawn naturally. The others will be held at Burley for artificial spawning so they can provide over a hundred thousand eyed eggs for use in ongoing restoration efforts. These restoration efforts currently include egg box, presmolt, and smolt release projects operated by IDFG with the cooperation of NOAA Fisheries and the Shoshone Bannonck Tribes. All fish in the NOAA Fisheries captive broodstock projects are reared using standard fish culture practices and approved therapeutics with all fish culture practices conforming to the husbandry requirements detailed in ESA Section 10 Propagation Permit 1148 for NOAA Fisheries rearing of Idaho stocks of ESA-listed Snake River sockeye salmon. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $1,364,138
Biological Objectives Metrics
2000 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
2004 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
Aquatic Objective 1B (Produce fish for recovery)
Aquatic Objective 2A (Maintain safety net)
* Production: # eggs released from program: Approx. 125,000 eyed eggs for use in recovery
* Production: # adults released from program: Approx. 250 adults for natural spawning

Coordination Fish Culture Activities NOAA Fisheries will coordinate its captive broodstock rearing protocols and activities through the Stanley Basin Sockeye Technical Oversight Committee (SBSTOC). In addition, NOAA Fisheries staff will have ongoing phone and email communication with IDFG, Shosone-Bannock Tribes, University of Idaho, and NOAA Fisheries regional office staff to coordinate information on fish rearing and health. NOAA Fisheries will coordinate transfer of infromation from its Fish Health database as needed. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $62,431
Biological Objectives Metrics
2000 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
2004 Biological Opinion ESA safety net/recovery
Aquatic Objective 1B (Produce fish for recovery)
Aquatic Objective 2A (Maintain safety net)
No Metrics for this Work Element

Manage and Administer Projects Manage project and prepare FY07, 08, and 09 SOW with budget Provides oversight of the project and responds to BPA as requested to provide financial, contractual, and administrative documents. Prepare FY 07, 08, and 09 Statement of Work for submission to BPA no less than 90 days before end of current performance period. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $62,712
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Annual Report FY 07, 08, and 09 Annual Reports An FY 07, FY 08, and FY 09 annual report will be prepared for BPA describing the fiscal year's fish rearing and research activities. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $31,216
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Status Report Produce Status Report [Work Element Description Not Entered] 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $3,121
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Refine genetic preservation techniques, while implementing the best protocols for rearing anadromous sockeye salmon in captive broodstock programs. STUDY DESIGN: We propose to continue to validate new rearing protocols as they are transitioned into the Redfish Lake Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Project. Only rearing protocols with a scientific basis of benefiting and not harming the fish will be adopted by this ESA project. The proposed research verifies these benefits by using existing practices as controls and the new practice as an experimental treatment. The following outline the general experimental design using an example evaluating the benefits of natural lighting on sockeye salmon reproductive quality. The traditional approach (control) is indoor rearing under artificial lighting with the experimental treatment being outdoor rearing with natural lighting filtered through a plastic greenhouse cover. The hypotheses set for this particular example are: H0: Exposure to natural lighting has no effect or retards the seasonal development of maturation HA: Exposure to natural lighting accelerates maturation H0: Exposure to natural lighting has no or a negative effect on milt weight. HA: Exposure to natural lighting has a positive effect on milt weight. H0: Exposure to natural lighting does not synchronize male and female spawn time. HA: Exposure to natural lighting synchronizes male and female spawn time. H0: Exposure to natural lighting has no or a negative effect on fecundity. HA: Exposure to natural lighting has a positive effect on fecundity. H0: Exposure to natural lighting has no or a negative effect on egg weight. HA: Exposure to natural lighting has a positive effect on egg weight. H0: Exposure to natural lighting has no or a negative effect on survival to the eyed stage. HA: Exposure to natural lighting has a positive effect on survival to the eyed stage. H0: Exposure to natural lighting has no or a negative effect on development of secondary sexual characteristics (color). HA: Exposure to natural lighting has a positive effect on development of secondary sexual characteristics. H0: Exposure to natural lighting has no or a negative effect on milt motility. HA: Exposure to natural lighting has a positive effect on milt motility. In the late spring of each year maturing fish will be divided into four similar groups. Half of the groups will be maintained in tanks within a greenhouse structure where they will be exposed to most of the effects of natural sunlight. The other two groups will serve as controls reared in tanks enclosed within the shade of the main rearing building. Other than lighting, the fish in all four groups will again be reared and handled identically. Beginning in the fall, all the study fish will be examined for ripeness on a weekly basis. The fish will be spawned using the standard captive broodstock techniques. The study will be replicated for several years to provide statistical power. SAMPLING: When the fish are spawned, the milt from ripe males will be weighed and volumetrically measured. Observations regarding milt color and motility will be recorded. In addition, the fecundity, egg weight, and eyed egg survival of fish in the control and experimental treatment will be determined. Data will be compared using Student t-tests (e.g., weight) with alpha set at 0.05. These will be single tail tests due to the directional nature of the hypothesis. It is anticipated this almost zero-risk experimentation will yield valuable information for improving captive broodstock culture techniques for listed sockeye salmon. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $76,984
Biological Objectives Metrics
Aquatic Objective 2A (Maintain safety net)
Focal Area: Hatchery
Primary R, M, and E Type: Action Effectiveness Research


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Personnel [blank] $161,400 $167,856 $174,570
Fringe Benefits [blank] $80,542 $83,764 $87,114
Supplies [blank] $129,700 $134,888 $140,283
Travel [blank] $12,400 $12,896 $13,412
Capital Equipment [blank] $50,000 $52,000 $54,080
Other Rents, Communications, Utilities $48,700 $50,648 $52,674
Other Contractual Services $215,505 $224,125 $233,090
Overhead [blank] $126,747 $131,817 $137,089
Totals $824,994 $857,994 $892,312

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$2,575,300
Total Work Element budget$2,575,300

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status
NOAA Personnel and Facilities $200,000 $208,000 $216,320 In-Kind Confirmed
Totals $200,000 $208,000 $216,320

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$924,322 $961,295 Based on a 4% inflation rate
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
Operations and maintenance costs will continue until the naturally producing population is rebuilt to a self sustaining level. These costs may range from $500,000 to $1,000,000 annually.
 
Termination Date Comments
Indeterminate The project will continue unitl the naturally producing population is rebuilt to a self sustaining level.
 
Final Deliverables
Final Report

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date
Fix-it Loop Documents
Documents Originally Submitted with this Proposal

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
No changes were made to this proposal


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 NPCC Rec
$824,994
FY 2008 NPCC Rec
$824,994
FY 2009 NPCC Rec
$824,994
Total NPCC Rec
$2,474,982
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Recommendation:Fund
NPCC Comments:


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 NPCC Rec
$824,994
FY 2008 NPCC Rec
$824,994
FY 2009 NPCC Rec
$824,994
Total NPCC Rec
$2,474,982
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
NPCC Comments:
NPCC Staff Comments: See issue memo.

Local or MSRT Comments: 199204000: Referenced as currently implementing BiOp UPA and RPA in June 1, 2006 Delwiche (BPA) letter to Whiting (NPCC). At the 14 June 2006 NPCC meeting Idaho Governor called for expanded Redfish restoration activities and council voted to continue sup


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Not fundable
Comments: See the ISRP comments under proposal 199107200.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Not fundable
Comments: General comments on the suite of Stanley Basin sockeye proposals are provided under proposal 199107200. Additional information regarding the Stanley Basin sockeye salmon and captive rearing strategies is discussed in this report’s programmatic section.

Comments specific to project #199204000: There is reporting of the outcome of the project's efforts. The reporting could be more comprehensive, however. For example Table 1 on page 10 should include the numbers of fish spawned, their age distribution, fecundity, and gamete viability, not just the number of eyed eggs.

The proponents state that the anadromous returns to the basin (averaging about 16 fish per year) demonstrate that the captive project is succeeding both as a safety net and as a tool to restore the anadromous run. The ISRP respectfully interprets these results differently. Clearly the Snake River sockeye ESU has been preserved in captivity and has not been extirpated. However, at this time it appears the ESU is extinct in the wild and reintroduction efforts have not proceeded easily or successfully. There is no reported successful full-cycle reproduction in the wild and then production of subsequent adults.

The work elements for standard fish culture are adequate. The budget for rearing the fish is large and seems excessive, but it is difficult to evaluate.

Objective 3, Refine genetic preservation techniques, and other experiments with this project should be deleted. They are poor substitutes for the efforts in 199305600. This proposal is more appropriately directed to standard rearing for the primary sockeye captive rearing effort.

The proponents provide useful reports and publish the results of their efforts in peer-reviewed literature.

The culture facilities could have adverse effects on other fauna through disease transmission or eutrophication from the facility effluent. The reintroduction efforts are impacted by resident kokanee (hypothesis) and may impact bull trout. These are considered in the larger project planning but are not discussed at great length in this proposal.

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