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Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding (Revised Summer 2006)

Proposal 199101904: Hungry Horse Mitigation - Stocking of Offsite Waters - Creston NFH

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
Finalized mark maskill

Proposal Type: Ongoing
Proposal Number: 199101904
Proposal Name: Hungry Horse Mitigation - Stocking of Offsite Waters - Creston NFH
BPA Project Manager: Joe Deherrera
Agency, Institution or Organization: Creston NFH
Short Description: The Creston National Fish hatchery produces fish for offsite stocking locations to mitigate for losses to the Flathead Lake and River system caused by the construction and operation of Hungry Horse Dam.
Information Transfer: Project data and results will be offered on-line. Data will also be available via the Mountain Columbia Sub Basin Plan progress report.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
mark maskill USFWS Creston NFH 780 Creston Hatchery Road
Kalispell, Montana, 59901
Ph: 406-758-6868
Fax: 406-758-6877
Email: mark_maskill@fws.gov
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts
mark maskill USFWS Creston NFH 780 Creston Hatchery Road
Kalispell, Montana, 59901
Ph: 406-758-6868
Fax: 406-758-6877
Email: mark_maskill@fws.gov
Form Submitter

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Mountain Columbia ARG Province: No Change
Sponsor Subbasin: Flathead ARG Subbasin: No Change
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
114.10 48.16 Lake Creston NFH Flathead, Montana Flathead Yes

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
Westslope Cutthroat
Rainbow Trout

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project
Fiscal Year Accomplishments
2005 105,207 five inch rainbow trout were stocked into off site waters for mitigation purposes. Furunculosis impacted wct stockings for the year. 63,716 westslope cutthroats were stocked on tribal managed waters this year, but were not credited to BPA.
2004 101,060 four inch westslope cutthroats and 86,650 four inch rainbow trout were stocked in off site waters to fulfill mitigation objectives.
2003 68,709 four inch westslope cutthroats and 49,239 four inch rainbow trout were stocked in off site waters to fulfill mitigation objectives.
2002 67,250 four inch westslope cutthroats and 105,000 four inch rainbow trout were stocked in off site waters to fulfill mitigation objectives.
2001 51,487 four inch westslope cutthroats and 62,780 four inch rainbow trout were stocked in off site waters to fulfill mitigation objectives.
2000 94,246 three inch westslope cutthroat and 38,976 four inch rainbow trout were stocked in off site waters to fulfill mitigation objectives.
1999 2,834 six inch westslope cutthroat, 29,529 five inch westslope cutthroat and 50,938 five inch rainbow trout were stocked into designated off site waters as instructed by the Hungry Horse Fishery Mitigation Plan.
1998 378 thirteen inch kokanee stocked into Flathead. Agency biologists decided against further fish stockings in Flathead Lake and made a decision to redirect hatchery mitigation efforts to off site waters. 64,938 wct and 34,964 rbt were stocked off site.
1997 2,347 fourteen inch, 41,951 seven inch, 708,798 six inch and 1,244,336 three inch kokanee salmon stocked into Flathead Lake. Monitoring activities indicated kokanee survival was severely limited by predation from abundant lake trout in Flathead Lake.
1996 938,629 six inch, 219,627 three inch and 603,106 one inch kokanee salmon were stocked into Flathead Lake to fulfill mitigation objectives.
1995 688,250 six inch and 408,578 three inch kokanee salmon were stocked in Flathead Lake to fulfill mitigation objectives.
1994 802,174 six inch kokanee salmon were stocked in Flathead Lake to fulfill mitigation objectives.
1993 210,769 six inch kokanee salmon were stocked in Flathead Lake to fulfill mitigation objectives.
1992 The NWPPC adopted the Hungry Horse Mitigation Plan (MFWP/CSKT/USFWS) in 1991. The USFWS allocated part of the Creston NFH for mitigation fish production in 1992. From 1992 through 1998 close to 6 million kokanee salmon were stocked into Flathead Lake.

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source)
Funding Source Related ID Related Project Title Relationship
BPA 199101901 Hungry Horse Mitigation/Flathe This is an associated project and part of the Hungry Horse Dam Fisheries Mitigation Plan. The plan and resulting projects were developed through an inter agency assessment which addressed impacts to the Flathead River system caused by the construction and operation of Hungry Horse Dam. This project seeks to determine how habitat changes, species shifts, and the consequent dominance of new species - factors that have the potential to limit the success of mitigation measures - have affected native species.
BPA 199101903 Hungry Horse Mitigation/Habita This is an associated project and part of the Hungry Horse Dam Fisheries Mitigation Plan. The plan and resulting projects were developed through an inter agency assessment which addressed impacts to the Flathead River system caused by the construction and operation of Hungry Horse Dam. Fish passage projects reconnect access to blocked spawning and rearing habitat. Habitat projects in stream, lake and reservoir environments emphasize restoration with conventional, biotechnical, and experimental approaches.

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
Produce Native Westslope Cutthroat at Creston NFH Acquire eggs and rear up to 100,000 Westslope Cutthroat trout annually for offsite mitigation stocking. Flathead In 1991 the Northwest Power Planning Council amended the 1987 Fish & Wildlife Program. Those amendments adopted the loss statement presented in the 1991 Mitigation Plan and directed MFWP & CSKT to develop an implementaion plan to mitigate for losses. Pg 1
Produce Rainbow Trout at Creston NFH Acquire eggs and rear up to 100,000 Arlee strain Rainbow Trout annually for offsite mitigation in closed basin waters. Flathead In 1993 the NPPC adopted the Hungry Horse Dam Fisheries Mitigation Implementation Plan. The plan outlined nonoperational measures to replace losses in four categories; habitat enhancement, fish passage, hatchery production and off site mitigation. Pg 1

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
Maintain Fish Health Monitor Fish Health Monitor, evaluate, diagnose and treat fish health issues as necessary. Ensure the quality of released fish is optimal. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $17,241
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Maintain Hatchery Maintain hatchery grounds, buildings and equipment to ensure best possible fish culture environment. Maintain Creston NFH Service Asset Maintenace Management (SAMMS) database. Provide a fully functional fish hatchery to produce quality salmonids for offsite stocking. Creston NFH will maintain equipment, structures and grounds. Hatchery will utilize SAMMS database to document needs and maintenance schedules. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $21,551
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Hatchery Fish Produce up to 100,000 rainbow fingerlings Fish culture activities associated with the rearing and stocking of rainbow trout to offsite waters. Fish culture activities will include the acquisition of genetically approved rainbow trout eggs, the incubation and hatching of eggs, the rearing from first feeding fry to fingerlings, the rearing of fingerlings to stocking size and the offsite distribution of these trout. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $133,614
Biological Objectives Metrics
* Incubation: # fertilized eggs into incubation program.: number of eyed eggs incubated
* Incubation: # fry (button-up) produced.: number of fry into nursery tanks
* Rearing: # juveniles (presmolt) into program: number of fingerlings to raceways
* Production: # juveniles (presmolt) released from program: number of yearlings stocked

Produce Hatchery Fish Produce up to 100,000 westslope cutthroat fingerlings Fish culture activities associated with the rearing and stocking of westslope cutthroat trout to offsite waters. Fish culture activities will include the acquisition of genetically appropriate westslope cutthroat trout eggs, the incubation and hatching of eggs, the rearing from first feeding fry and fingerlings, the rearing of fingerlings to stocking size and the offsite distribution of these trout. The WCT used in this project are obtained as eyed eggs from the MFWP operated Washoe Park SFH. The broodstock is managed by MFWP, is specifically requested for this project and is the only strain authorized for use. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $142,234
Biological Objectives Metrics
* Incubation: # fertilized eggs into incubation program.: number of eyed eggs incubated
* Incubation: # fry (button-up) produced.: number of fry into nursery tanks
* Rearing: # juveniles (presmolt) into program: number of fingerlings to raceways
* Production: # juveniles (presmolt) released from program: number of yearlings stocked

Coordination Coordination with State and Tribes regarding annual stocking locations and numbers. Coordinate with State of Montana and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes on stocking locations and numbers of fish. 3/1/2007 5/1/2009 $21,551
Biological Objectives Metrics
Produce Native Westslope Cutthroat at Creston NFH
Produce Rainbow Trout at Creston NFH
No Metrics for this Work Element

Manage and Administer Projects Invoicing and Contract Renewal Work Prep Develop and submit SOW, annual budget and accrual estimates. Attend training and professional conferences relating to BPA project administration requirements. Covers project management and administraton work related to the contract excluding environmental compliance 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $68,962
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Annual Report Annual report Produce annual report for BPA activites at Creston National Fish Hatchery 12/15/2007 12/31/2009 $12,930
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Pisces Status Report Status Reports Complete Pisces Status Reports 4/1/2007 12/31/2009 $12,930
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Personnel 6 employees/Total of 1.15 FTE $74,043 $76,264 $78,552
Fringe Benefits 6 employees/Total of 1.15 FTE $18,046 $18,587 $19,145
Supplies Fish food, production supplies, admin costs $9,050 $9,300 $9,600
Other Operations & Maintenance $18,000 $18,600 $19,200
Overhead Current USFWS rate - 17% $20,254 $20,868 $21,504
Totals $139,393 $143,619 $148,001

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$431,013
Total Work Element budget$431,013

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status
USFWS Fish Production Facility $ 0 $ 0 $ 0 In-Kind Confirmed
Totals $ 0 $ 0 $ 0

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$152,442 $157,015 Ongoing project
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
Project will continue using USFWS MMS funds for major maintenance needs.
 
Termination Date Comments
Not determined Until the Hungry Horse Dam Fishery Mitigation Plan is revised, fishery objectives will remain the same and this project will continue to operate as requested.
 
Final Deliverables

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date
Fix-it Loop Documents
Documents Originally Submitted with this Proposal

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
No changes were made to this proposal


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 NPCC Rec
$139,393
FY 2008 NPCC Rec
$143,619
FY 2009 NPCC Rec
$148,001
Total NPCC Rec
$431,013
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Recommendation:Fund
NPCC Comments: ISRP fundable qualified. Address ISRP concerns during contracting.


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 NPCC Rec
$139,393
FY 2008 NPCC Rec
$143,619
FY 2009 NPCC Rec
$148,001
Total NPCC Rec
$431,013
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
NPCC Comments:
NPCC Staff Comments: ISRP fundable qualified. Address ISRP concerns during contracting.

Local or MSRT Comments: The Creston Hatchery needs to correct the problem that the hatchery has had in the past with the wrong species getting into runways, and it needs to take steps to prevent disease contamination. The OG strongly believes the hatchery needs to use funding fr


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable (Qualified)
Comments: The ISRP carefully considered this longstanding project for consistency with Council's Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) and for scientific rigor and justification. The ISRP concluded that the project's offsite mitigation approach is consistent with FWP although the sponsors - or their partners - should more thoroughly address how off-site release of produced non-native trout fingerlings redirects pressure on native trout populations. Other mitigation proposals in the subbasin indicate that hybridization between native westslope cutthroat and introduced rainbow trout is a pervasive problem -- the potential for antagonism between these mitigation activities needs to diminish.

Ultimately, the response did not truly address two issues and for this reason we recommend that funding carry "qualification." First, the sponsors should more tangibly demonstrate coordination with receiving agencies and that the production is supported as a priority mitigation program in the subbasin by MFWP and CSKT. Such demonstrated support, such as letters of support, should indicate MFWP and CSKT commitment to monitoring the biological or angler responses to these releases. It is insufficient for Creston NFH to limit their responsibilities solely to production and delegate monitoring responsibilities without some institutional agreement. Second, the questions regarding production of westslope cutthroat trout (the native) versus rainbow trout (a non-native) should be addressed by the co-managers. The sponsors answered the question regarding westslope cutthroat in context of the releases in the current waters rather than where the potential needs might be elsewhere in the subbasin (i.e., a need justifying the potential development of the Sekokini Springs facility).


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Response requested
Comments: The Creston NFH- stocking of offsite waters project is identified as part of the Hungry Horse Mitigation Plans (1991, 1993) intended to mitigate for loss of recreational fishing opportunities in the Flathead/Kootenai Basin from Hungry Horse Dam construction and operation. This ongoing project produces ~200,000 4-inch fingerlings for stocking into recreational lakes that have no aquatic linkage to the subbasin's restoration areas. The primary intent is to redirect recreational fishing pressure and harvest away from populations of conservation or restoration interest. The proposal is identified as a priority in the Flathead and Kootenai subbasin plans and meets mitigation criteria in the 1991 and 1993 mitigation plans adopted by Council.

This project has been rated as fundable in recent history. It is likely still fundable for operations at Creston, but there are some basic uncertainties associated with risks v. benefits that need to be addressed.

The sponsors indicate that they are not responsible for biological monitoring, that it's the responsibility of the receiving agencies. However, the project proposal needs to show how these agency’s activities are coordinated among co-managers. Given the history of this project, MDFWP and CSKT should have data that can be analyzed and summarized. If such data are not readily available, M&E needs to be strengthened. Within this context, appropriate measurable objectives need to go beyond numbers produced and released to other outcomes or endpoints. The response needs to include an outline of specific objectives stated in terms of the desired numerical benefits expected and a strategy for assessing whether these objectives are being met.

It remains unclear as to why native cutthroat trout are not the entire focus rather than non-native rainbow trout. Are there creel or survey data to indicate that anglers demand or desire rainbows over cutthroat? Have there been centralized surveys of anglers?

Moreover, the work element identified as "Produce Hatchery Fish (rainbows) indicates that the program will "include acquisition of genetically appropriate rainbow trout eggs..." The ISRP challenges the sponsors to define what is conceived as a "genetically appropriate" non-native species or genome. (We refer sponsors to the ISRP Retrospective Report regarding focus on native gene pools – not simply native species - for inland salmonids).

Recent ISRP reviews have challenged the inclusion of non-native rainbow trout, which ultimately have been accepted because release locations are not connected to waters targeted for restoration or conservation. The basic tradeoff is defined as providing redirected recreation thus diminishing pressures or harvest elsewhere on populations of conservation or restoration concern (including bull trout). This supposition is testable through creel and survey methods (i.e., do these fisheries attract you away from more sensitive areas and populations? etc.). Even if demonstrable, it remains unclear as to why native cutthroat trout are not the entire focus rather than non-native rainbow trout.

One justification for renovating Sekokini Springs has been a limitation of rearing space, is there not some opportunity to take advantage of Creston NFH for this purpose?

The sponsors do not list the source(s) of the cutthroat trout. These may be identified in the HGMP, but not here. Are they a local stock or perhaps a stock requiring potentially additional ex situ refuge populations? This needs expansion.

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