FY 2007 Solicitation Homepage

Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding

Proposal 199900301: Evaluate Spawning of Fall Chinook and Chum Salmon Just Below the Four Lowermost Mainstem Dams

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
January 10, 2006 Finalized Tom Rien

Proposal Type: Ongoing
Proposal Number: 199900301
Proposal Name: Evaluate Spawning of Fall Chinook and Chum Salmon Just Below the Four Lowermost Mainstem Dams
BPA Project Manager: Deborah Docherty
Agency, Institution or Organization: Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife (ODFW)
Short Description: Monitor, protect, and enhance the spawning populations of fall chinook and chum below Bonneville Dam. Search for evidence of fall chinook spawning below The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams.
Information Transfer: To facilitate information transfer project staff: 1) Maintains regular communication with the Fish Passage Advisory Committee (FPAC) for in-season management of spawning chum and Chinook salmon to balance fish protection against operational flexibility at Bonneville; 2) Completes routine in-season uploads of redd and carcass counts to the Fish Passage Center; 3) Presents research findings at professional meetings; 4) Prepares annual progress reports for posting at the BPA website; and 5) Prepares peer-journal publications.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
Tom Rien Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife 17330 SE Evelyn St.
Clackamas OR 97015
Ph: 503.657.2000
Fax: 503.657.6823
Email: tom.a.rien@state.or.us
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts
Deborah Docherty
Ph:
Fax:
Email: dldocherty@bpa.gov
BPA COTR
Tom Rien Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife 17330 SE Evelyn St.
Clackamas OR 97015
Ph: 503.657.2000
Fax: 503.657.6823
Email: tom.a.rien@state.or.us
Form Submitter
Ron Roler Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife 2108 Grand Blvd.
Vancouver, WA 98661
Ph: 360.906.6737
Fax: 360.906.6776
Email: rolerrjr@dfw.wa.gov
Technical Contact
Joe Skalicky USFWS 1211 SE Cardinal Court, Suite 100
Vancouver
Ph: 360-604-2500
Fax: 360-604-2505
Email: joe_skalicky@fws.gov
Technical Contact

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Mainstem/Systemwide ARG Province: Mainstem on the ground/Multiprovince
Sponsor Subbasin: Systemwide ARG Subbasin: Mainstem on the ground/Multiprovince
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
45.7136 -121.5955 Bonneville reservoir Bonneville Reservoir Skamania, Washington Columbia Gorge Yes
45.7185 -120.5342 John Day Reservoir John Day Reservoir Klickitat, Washington Columbia Lower Middle Yes
Mainstem Columbia River below Bonneville Dam Interstate 205 bridge to Bonneville Dam , Columbia Lower Yes
45.6516 -121.0093 The Dalles Reservoir The Dalles Reservoir Wasco, Oregon Columbia Lower Middle Yes

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
Chinook Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
Chum Columbia River ESU
Chinook Lower Columbia River ESU
Steelhead Middle Columbia River ESU

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project
Fiscal Year Accomplishments
2005 Applied CWTs to 32,642 juv CHF at Ives/Pierce I. First recovery of CWT adult CHF at Ives Island (2 age 5 fish from yr 2000 release). Measured the beh. response of spawning chum. Diel spawning habitat use surveys below John Day Dam. -MORE
2004 Established 3 new temperature and water level telemetry stations providing real-time data to the fish passage center to be used to improve emergence timing estimates. Mapped 293 deepwater redds. -MORE
2003 Provided FPAC with chum spawning period (5 Nov. – 30 Dec. 2002)and emergence period (27 Jan. – 6 Apr. 2003) for use in hydro operations. Mapped 190 CHF and 262 chum redds at Ives/Pierce island (peak counts). -MORE
2002 Quantified deepwater CHF redds below John Day Dam. Quantified habitat for CHF and chum salmon below Bonneville dam. Est. CHF (N=1,881) & chum (N=4,232) at Ives/Pierce I. Applied CWTs to 3,460 j CHF. - MORE
2001 Identified deepwater CHF redds below John Day Dam. Estimated pops of CHF (N=721) chum (N=532) at Ives/Pierce I. Provided FPAC with chum spawn pd (6 Nov. – 18 Dec. 2000) and emergence pd (15 Feb. – 9 Apr. 2001) for use in hydro operations -MORE
2000 Verification that chum and CHF fry stranded at Ives/Pierce I - result of river flow fluctuations. Installed piezometers in study area; collected long-term temp data that demonstrate a temp gradient between the hyporheic zone & river - MORE
1999 Meas. microhabitat parameters for CHF and chum locations of some hydraulic features. Located shallow and deep water redds for the 1999 return - recorded on GPS, mapped and map of general known spawning area. - MORE

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source)
Funding Source Related ID Related Project Title Relationship
[Funding Source left blank] [no entry] FPAC and TMT We are in frequent consultation with the Fish Passage Advisory Committee (FPAC) throughout the spawning season and throughout the emergence period. Consultations are used to inform real-time hydro operations at Bonneville Dam.
BPA 198201301 Coded Wire Tag - PSMFC We regularly share of adult escapement estimates and tag recoveries information with Project 198201301 (PSMFC Coded Wire Tag Recovery).
BPA 198810804 Streamnet (CIS/NED) Data collected from this project can be directly incorporated into the StreamNet (Project 198810804) data base. Data collected from both the adult and juvenile portions of this project would be useful to Stream Net users.
BPA 199306000 Select Area Fishery Evaluation We share adult escapement estimates and mark information with Project 199306000 (Select Area Fishery Evaluation).
BPA 199403300 Fish Passage Center Chum spawner survey data are uploaded to the Project 199403300 (The Fish Passage Center).
BPA 200001200 Eval Factors Limiting Col R Ch We coordinate with Project 200001200 (Evaluate Factors Limiting Columbia River Gorge chum salmon populations) by exchanging data, technology and methodologies including information used to predict run timing, emergence start/end and population dynamics.
BPA 200105300 Reintro of Chum In Duncan Cr We coordinate with Project 200105300 (Reintroduction of lower Columbia River chum salmon into Duncan Creek) by providing otolith samples collected from adult chum carcasses (mark recoveries) and by providing abundance estimates for the Ives Island spawning area used to estimate proportional take associated with transplants.

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst Describe abundance, spatial and temporal distribution, and possible stock origins of chum and fall Chinook salmon spawning in the mainstem Columbia River. Lower Columbia EH.S3, EH.S4, EH.S5, EH.M4, D.S1, D.M2 (see proposal section 10c) A-221
1b. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst Describe abundance, spatial and temporal distribution, and possible stock origins of chum and fall Chinook salmon spawning in the mainstem Columbia River. Columbia Gorge 1) Provide suitable reservoir conditions for passage, adult holding, and juvenile rearing that allow adjoining tributaries to support chum production. 2) Provide suitable spawning habitat within Bonneville Res. 84-87
2a. Protect spawning salmon in L Col tribs Describe abundance, spatial and temporal distribution, and possible stock origins of chum and fall Chinook salmon spawning in Columbia River tributaries downstream from The Dalles Dam. Lower Columbia EH.S3, EH.S4, EH.S5, EH.M4, D.S1, D.M2 (see proposal section 10c) A-221
2b. Protect spawning salmon in L Col tribs Describe abundance, spatial and temporal distribution, and possible stock origins of chum and fall Chinook salmon spawning in Columbia River tributaries downstream from The Dalles Dam. Columbia Gorge 1) Provide suitable reservoir conditions for passage, adult holding, and juvenile rearing that allow adjoining tributaries to support chum production. 2) Provide suitable spawning habitat within Bonneville Res. 84-87
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem Describe emergence timing, and size at and time of emigration from local rearing areas. Lower Columbia EH.S3, EH.S4, EH.S5, EH.M4, D.S1, D.M2 (see proposal section 10c) A-221
3b. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem Describe emergence timing, and size at and time of emigration from local rearing areas. Columbia Gorge 1) Provide suitable reservoir conditions for passage, adult holding, and juvenile rearing that allow adjoining tributaries to support chum production. 2) Provide suitable spawning habitat within Bonneville Res. 84-87
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat Describe physical habitat use and requirements for fall Chinook salmon in the Columbia River downstream from The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams and for chum salmon downstream from Bonneville Dam. Lower Columbia EH.S3, EH.S4, EH.S5, EH.M4, D.S1, D.M2 (see proposal section 10c) A-221
4b. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat Describe physical habitat use and requirements for fall Chinook salmon in the Columbia River downstream from The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams and for chum salmon downstream from Bonneville Dam. Columbia Gorge 1) Provide suitable reservoir conditions for passage, adult holding, and juvenile rearing that allow adjoining tributaries to support chum production. 2) Provide suitable spawning habitat within Bonneville Res. 84-87
4c Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat Describe physical habitat use and requirements for fall Chinook salmon in the Columbia River downstream from The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams and for chum salmon downstream from Bonneville Dam. Lower Middle Columbia [Strategy left blank] 338

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Environmental compliance permitting and reporting Obtain appropriate permits and report take as required 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $27,755
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Develop Alternative Water Source 4.13 PNNL,USGS: Evaluate increased production potential of chum salmon using artificial hyporheic upwelling Task 4.13 Develop alternative water source - Evaluate increased production potential of chum salmon using artificial hyporheic upwelling. Description: PNNL and the USGS will collaboratively select suitable sites for experimentally creating areas of hyporheic upwelling for spawning chum salmon. USGS and PNNL will map the physical habitat (e.g., depth, velocity, substrate, embeddedness) and hyporheic conditions (bed temperatures, river surface temperatures, bank seepage) around known potential chum salmon spawning locations (e.g., Multnomah site). This information will be used in the USGS spawning habitat model to predict the suitability of the mapped areas for chum salmon. Potential areas selected for hyporheic manipulation will be those judged suitable for chum salmon spawning based on suitable depths, velocities, and substrates with the exception of the presence of warmer hyporheic bed temperatures, which are characteristic of heavily used sites. In other words, nonuse sites will be chosen that appear identical to sites used for chum salmon spawning, but will not have the thermal cues that chum salmon require for selecting redd sites. Agency conducting work: PNNL and USGS Start and end dates: 10/1/06-1/1/07, 10/1/07-1/1/08, 10/1/08-1/1/09. Deliverables: During FY2007 PNNL will assist the USGS with habitat model modification and validation. During FY2008 the model will be used to identify potential locations where artificial upwelling could be field tested. During FY2009 a pilot scale test would be conducted at the selected location to determine whether spawning could be induced in an appropriate location. Results of the experiment would be summarized in an annual report during FY2009. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $80,232
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
No Metrics for this Work Element

Other WE 132 Produce Annual Report WE 132 Produce Annual Report 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $158,876
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Other WE 185 Quarterly Pisces status reporting Quarterly Status reporting of progress on work element milestones. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $25,120
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Manage and Administer Projects Project Management [Work Element Description Not Entered] 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $42,928
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Analyze/Interpret Data 1.4 ODFW,PSMFC Adult Chum Salmon Abundance Estimates Task 1.4 Adult Chum Salmon Abundance Estimates (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Estimate population size of chum salmon spawning in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 141.0 to 143.5 (Ives/Pierce island complex). Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and end dates: 1/1/2007 to 9/30/2007, 1/1/2008 to 9/30/2008, and 1/1/2009 to 9/30/2009. Deliverables: Summary of marks/tags applied and recovered in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 141.0 to 143.5 (Ives/Pierce island complex). Chum salmon abundance estimates and confidence limits calculated using Jolly-Seber methodology (MARK and POPAN software). 1/1/2007 9/30/2009 $23,555
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring,

Analyze/Interpret Data 1.5 ODFW Describe Spawning Population Characteristics for Chum Salmon Task 1.5 Describe Spawning Population Characteristics for Chum Salmon (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Describe spawning distribution, timing, average size at return by age and gender, gender ratios, and age composition of chum salmon in the mainstem Columbia river from river mile 141.0 to 143.5 (Ives / Pierce island complex). Agency conducting work: ODFW. Start and end dates: 1/1/2007 to 9/30/2007, 1/1/2008 to 9/30/2008, and 1/1/2009 to 9/30/2009. Deliverables: Tabular and written description of annual spawning metrics for chum salmon in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 141.0 to 143.5 (Ives / Pierce island complex). Includes documenting the physical distribution of spawning fish and redds (maps with GPS coordinates), timing of spawning (onset, peak, and end), average size at return by age and gender, gender ratios, and age composition 1/1/2007 9/30/2009 $11,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring

Analyze/Interpret Data 1.8 ODFW Describe Spawning Population Characteristics for Fall Chinook Salmon Task 1.8 (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Describe spawning distribution, spawning success, average size at return by age and gender, gender ratios and age composition of fall Chinook salmon in the mainstem Columbia River near Ives and Pierce islands (river miles 141.0 – 143.5). Agency conducting work: ODFW. Start and end dates: 1/1/2007 to 9/30/2007, 1/1/2008 to 9/30/2008, and 1/1/2009 to 9/30/2009. Deliverables: Tabular and written description of spawning metrics for fall Chinook salmon in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 141.0 to 143.5 (Ives / Pierce island complex). Includes documenting the physical distribution of spawning fish and redds (maps with GPS coordinates), timing of spawning (onset, peak, and end), average size at return by age and gender, gender ratios, and age composition. 1/1/2007 9/30/2009 $10,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring

Analyze/Interpret Data 1.9 ODFW,PSMFC Describe Stock Origins of Fall Chinook Salmon Task 1.9 Describe Stock Origins of Fall Chinook Salmon (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Use coded-wire tag (CWT) recovery data to describe origin of tags and relative contribution of hatchery releases and wild origin fish to observed population. Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and end dates: 1/1/2007 to 9/30/2007, 1/1/2008 to 9/30/2008, and 1/1/2009 to 9/30/2009. Deliverables: Tabular and written assessment of fall Chinook salmon stock origins from CWT recoveries. Process CWT recoveries and search relevant databases for stock origin information. 1/1/2007 9/30/2009 $15,069
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 2.2 PSMFC Develop Population Estimates for Naturally Spawning Chum Salmon in the Washington Tributaries Task 2.2 Develop Population Estimates for Naturally Spawning Chum Salmon in the Washington Tributaries (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Estimate population size of chum salmon spawning in each area surveyed. Agency conducting work: PSMFC. Start and end dates: 01/15/2007 to 09/30/2009 Deliverables: Spawning population estimates prepared for reports. 1/15/2007 9/30/2009 $11,179
Biological Objectives Metrics
2a. Protect spawning salmon in L Col tribs
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring
Focal Area: Tributaries

Analyze/Interpret Data 2.3 PSMFC Map and Identify Spawning Locations of Chum Salmon in the Tributaries Task 2.3 Map and Identify Spawning Locations of Chum Salmon in the Tributaries (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Map spawning locations using GIS. Agency conducting work: PSMFC. Start and end dates: 01/15/2007 to 09/30/2009 Deliverables: A map and GIS coordinates of the chum salmon spawning locations. 1/15/2007 9/30/2009 $15,970
Biological Objectives Metrics
2a. Protect spawning salmon in L Col tribs
Focal Area: Tributaries
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 2.4 PSMFC Profile Stock Using Biological Data Collected From Chum Salmon Carcasses in the Tributaries Task 2.4 Profile Stock Using Biological Data Collected From Chum Salmon Carcasses in the Tributaries (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Profile stock using biological data collected from chum salmon carcasses recovered from the tributaries. Agency conducting work: PSMFC. Start and end dates: 01/15/2007 to 09/30/2009 Deliverables: Estimate of age of chum salmon spawning populations, by size and sex. 1/15/2007 9/30/2009 $11,179
Biological Objectives Metrics
2a. Protect spawning salmon in L Col tribs
Focal Area: Tributaries
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring

Analyze/Interpret Data 3.2 ODFW Juvenile Chum Salmon Emergence Timing and Emigration Characteristics Task 3.2 Juvenile Chum Salmon Emergence Timing and Emigration Characteristics (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Estimate emergence timing, fork length distribution, and size at emigration for juvenile chum salmon below Bonneville Dam (river miles 139.0 – 143.5). Agency conducting work: ODFW. Start and End Dates: 4/1/2007 to 9/30/2007, 4/1/2008 to 9/30/2008, and 4/1/2009 to 9/30/2009. Deliverables: Tabular and written description of length distribution, size at emigration, and emergence timing for juvenile chum salmon below Bonneville Dam (river miles 139.0 to 143.5). Emergence timing is estimated from spawning dates, water temperature, and known temperature units required for incubation and hatching. Onset and end of emergence is verified through field observations. Size data is derived from subsamples of fish captured during seining. 4/1/2007 9/30/2009 $10,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 3.5 ODFW Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Emergence Timing and Emigration Characteristics Task 3.5: Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Emergence Timing and Emigration Characteristics (Analyze / Interpret Data) Description: Estimate emergence timing, fork length distribution, and size at emigration for juvenile Chinook salmon below Bonneville Dam (river miles 139.0 – 143.5). Agency conducting work: ODFW. Start and End Dates: 4/1/2007 to 9/30/2007, 4/1/2008 to 9/30/2008, and 4/1/2009 to 9/30/2009. Deliverables: Tabular and written description of length distribution, size at emigration, and emergence timing for juvenile Chinook salmon below Bonneville Dam (river miles 139.0 to 143.5). Emergence timing is estimated from spawning dates, water temperature, and known temperature units required for incubation and hatching. Onset and end of emergence is verified through field observations. Fork length data is derived from subsamples of fish captured during seining. 4/1/2007 9/30/2009 $10,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 3.7 PSMFC Estimate juvenile chum salmon production from the mainstem Columbia River in the Ives/Pierce island area Task 3.7: Analyze Data - Estimate juvenile chum salmon production from the mainstem Columbia River in the Ives/Pierce island area. Agency conducting work: PSMFC. Start and End Dates: 06/01/2007 to 09/30/2009 Deliverables: Estimates of juvenile chum salmon produced in Hamilton Creek and in the Columbia River in the Ives/Pierce island area. 6/1/2007 9/30/2009 $13,734
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.1.2 USFWS: Model, validate and calibrate one-dimensional steady and unsteady flow hydraulics for the lower study site using a One-Dimensional water surface model such as the USACE’s River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) or MASS1. Subtask 4.1.2: Analyze/Interpret Data – Model, validate and calibrate one-dimensional steady and unsteady flow hydraulics for the lower study site using a One-Dimensional water surface model such as the USACE’s River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) or MASS1. Description: Instead of developing an expensive and complicated finite element hydrodynamic model capable of modeling velocities with two vector components, we have elected to build a simpler, cost effective and appropriate one-dimensional model. Specifically, we will construct the model, validate and calibrate the output and produce water surface profiles. These 3-dimensional water surface elevation profiles (grids) will be produced for a range of Bonneville discharges, tides and backwaters relevant to the chum spawning season (November and December). We will use the long term tidal Gage at the Interstate 5 Bridge (RM 105) for the downstream terminus and control for both steady and unsteady flow simulations and the Bonneville tailwater gage located at river mile 145 for the upstream terminus and control. We would normally not propose building two separate models but each has some advantages over the other and actually supports the other through cross validation of the other. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 10/01/2006 through 9/30/2007 – Conduct actual one-dimensional modeling – 10/01/2007 through 9/30/2008- Validate/Calibration and produce grids – 10/01/2008 through 9/30/2009 – Provide for internet access to all simulations. Deliverables: We will produce a matrix of GIS grids for a range of potential Bonneville Dam discharges and downstream backwaters sufficient for the November and December spawning period. For each modeled water surface elevation we also produce a respected depth grid. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $37,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.1.3 USFWS: Update the existing hydrodynamic model bathymetry and conduct refined simulations of water surface elevation, depth and velocity throughout the Ives Island site. Subtask 4.1.3: Analyze/Interpret Data – Update the existing hydrodynamic model bathymetry and conduct refined simulations of water surface elevation, depth and velocity throughout the Ives Island site. Description: Using the same hydrodynamic model previously implemented by (Garland et al. 2003) we will incorporate the refined bathymetric data into the model and rerun the model at a finer resolution than our previous simulations. The previous simulations were only made at 10 kcfs increments and used a less resolute bathymetric model. We will conduct revised simulations for a wide range of potential hydraulic conditions likely to occur during spawning season. For each simulation we will include a wide range of Hamilton Creek discharges, tidal stages and Columbia River backwater events (i.e. high Willamette River stage). These simulations will provide the relevant data regarding water surface elevations, depths and velocities required to account for and protect chum salmon redds from dewatering which can not be conducted. This data will also be used in objective 2.0 to refine and incorporate the suitability criteria collected in 2003 – 2005 into our suitability and habitat models which will provide for more approximate estimates of habitat and redd capacity. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 3/01/2007 through 9/30/2007 Deliverables: For each refined hydrodynamic simulation we will produce three dimensional GIS surfaces of water surface elevations, depths, velocities and shoreline coverage’s. These layers will be produced for each simulation in the form of triangulated irregular network (TIN), raster grid or vector layer in our GIS. 3/1/2007 9/30/2007 $30,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.11 PNNL: Assess hyporheic water temperatures and flow in chum spawning areas. Task 4.11 Analyze/Interpret Data-Assess hyporheic water temperatures and flow in chum salmon spawning areas. Description: During FY2007-2009, hyporheic temperature and water level data will be used to evaluate how tailwater elevation fluctuations affect temperature gradients and water flow (i.e., upwelling) in chum salmon spawning areas during spawning, incubation and emergence (mid November to end of June). A major incentive for this work is to determine whether there are operational thresholds that can be modified to improve the quantity of spawning habitat or the quality of the incubation environment during the incubation period. Past analysis efforts have been focused near the Ives north channel near the mouth of Hamilton Creek. During FY2007-FY2009, we will expand analysis efforts to include newly discovered chum salmon spawning areas near Multnomah Falls and I-205. Agency conducting work: PNNL Start and end dates: 10/1/06-6/1/07, 10/1/07-6/1/08, 10/1/08-6/1/09. Deliverables: During FY2007-FY2009 we will complete an analysis of the relationship between tailwater elevation, Bonneville Dam discharge, and resulting changes in hyporheic temperature and the magnitude and direction of hyporheic flow. The analysis will be presented in an annual report, and will build on past efforts, which identified areas of warm upwelling water preferentially selected by chum salmon for spawning. Results will evaluate how operational changes affect the distribution and characteristics of previously identified areas, and will provide index data that can be used to compare to newly identified chum salmon spawning locations. 10/1/2006 7/1/2009 $78,892
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.12 PNNL: Assess hyporheic water temperatures and flow in fall Chinook spawning areas. Task 4.12 Analyze/Interpret Data-Assess hyporheic water temperatures and flow in fall Chinook spawning areas. Description: During FY2007-2009, hyporheic temperature and water level data will be used to evaluate how tailwater elevation fluctuations affect temperature gradients and water flow (i.e., upwelling) in fall Chinook areas during spawning, incubation and emergence (mid October to end of June). A major incentive for this work is to determine whether there are operational thresholds that can be modified to improve the quantity of spawning habitat or the quality of the incubation environment during the incubation period. Agency Conducting Work: PNNL Start and end dates: 10/1/06-6/1/07, 10/1/07-6/1/08, 10/1/08-6/1/09. Deliverables: Analysis of the relationship between tailwater elevation, Bonneville Dam discharge, and resulting changes in hyporheic temperature profile and the magnitude and direction of hyporheic flow. The analysis will be presented in an annual report, and will build on past efforts, which identified areas of warm upwelling water preferentially selected by chum salmon for spawning. Results will evaluate how operational changes affect the distribution and characteristics of previously identified areas, and will provide index data that can be used to compare to newly identified chum spawning locations. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $78,434
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.2.1 USFWS: Synthesize new multivariate regression models from new suitability data Subtask 4.2.1: Analyze/Interpret Data – Synthesize new multivariate regression models from new suitability data. Description: Using methods implemented in our earlier study (Garland et al. 2003 and others Geist et al. 2000; Anglin et al. 2004; and described by Hosmer and Lemeshow 2000), we will develop a logistic regression equation that predicts the probability of use (spawning) for chum salmon using all of the habitat data collected to date. The resultant equation will be verified with empirical use data (redds) and then be balanced for errors of omission and commission. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 4/01/2007 through 4/01/2008 Deliverables: A multivariate regression (s) will be developed using the SAS statistical software and the resultant equation will be used in our GIS with the individual habitat metrics to quantify habitat. 4/1/2007 4/1/2008 $30,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.2.2 USFWS: Produce and quantify GIS grids of predicted suitable chum spawning habitat Subtask 4.2.2: Analyze/Interpret Data – Produce and quantify GIS grids of predicted suitable chum spawning habitat. Description: Within our GIS, we will apply the regression equation using map algebra for the interaction between respective habitat layers (depth, velocity, upwelling, etc.) and produce a matrix of habitat grids bounding the range of hydraulic conditions to be modeled. The amount of habitat predicted suitable for each grid will be summed for each scenario and made available for subsequent display and dissemination. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 10/01/2007 – 4/01/2008 Deliverables: Within our GIS we apply the regression equation with map algebra and produce a matrix of habitat grids bounding the range of hydraulic conditions to be modeled. Each grid will be comprised of cells with a value between 0.0 and 1.0 with 1.0 representing the highest probability of use for that cell. 10/1/2007 4/1/2008 $24,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.2.3 USFWS: Determine the redd capacity for chum salmon at all Columbia River spawning locations. Subtask 4.2.3: Analyze/Interpret Data – Determine the redd capacity for chum salmon at all Columbia River spawning locations. Description: Using the range of available data including: empirical redd data, the results of superimposition studies and modeled data in our GIS; we will make redd capacity estimates for the range of chum spawning conditions. These estimates will be made for the range observed (11.5) and proposed operations and be tempered with observation from our redd superimposition work (Objective 3). Results from the superimposition objective will be used to proportion the amount of observed or modeled habitat with actual measurements of redd sizes including interred distance prior to any superimposition. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 4/02/2008 – 8/30/2008 Deliverables: This exercise will culminate in table referencing redd capacity vs. hydro operations. 4/2/2008 8/30/2008 $28,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.2.6 ODFW Egg to fry survival of juvenile chum salmon Subtask 4.2.6: Analyze / Interpret Data - Egg to fry survival of juvenile chum salmon Description: Estimation of chum salmon survival from egg to newly-hatched fry; assessment of differences in survival among habitat types and spawning locations below Bonneville Dam (river miles 114.0 – 143.5). Agency Conducting Work: ODFW and PNNL Start and End Dates: 4/1/2007 to 9/30/2007, 4/1/2008 to 9/30/2008, and 4/1/2009 to 9/30/2009. Deliverables: Tabular and written description of egg to fry survival of chum salmon in the mainstem Columbia River below Bonneville Dam (river miles 114.0 – 143.5); comparison of relative survival among sampling sites / habitat types. 4/1/2007 4/1/2009 $9,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.3.10 USGS: Evaluate the effects of high flows during reverse load following on chum salmon spawning behavior Subtask 4.3.10: Analyze/Interpret Data - Work Element: Evaluate the effects of high flows during reverse load following on chum salmon spawning behavior. Methods: We will calculate the mean number of digs, tailcrosses, chases, and tailbeats made per 15-min interval both before (base flows) and during reverse load following events. We will use 2-sample t-test to compare each metric for each pair. We will then pool data for season and conduct a global comparison for these metrics for the season. We anticipate declines in the frequencies of the metrics as flows increase. Form each DIDSON file, we will also determine if and when chum salmon are forced from their redds by high flows, what those flow levels are, and the duration fish are gone before they return. Fishery managers need this information to better shape flows from Bonneville Dam during high flow events. Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 10/01/2006 through 2/28/2009, Deliverables: Identification of flows during reverse load following that significantly alter chum salmon spawning behavior and force them to abandon redds. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $37,427
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.3.2 USGS: Quantify chum redd superimposition near Ives Island in relation to available habitat and fish abundance Subtask 4.3.2: Analyze/Interpret Data - Quantify the extent of chum salmon redd superimposition in the Ives Island area in relation to habitat availability and fish abundance Methods: The locations of all redds will be incorporated in a GIS to create a map of all undisturbed redds and superimposed redds. These locations will be overlayed on a map of suitable spawning habitat predicted using the chum spawning habitat model previously developed by this project. Our logistic regression model of spawning habitat predicts the suitability (on a scale of 0 to 1, with 1 being most suitable) of the habitat broken into 2x2 m cells. We will construct a frequency distribution of the number of all redds in each suitability class (i.e., 0-0.1, 0.1-0.2, etc.) and compare it to a uniform distribution (assuming redds were spread evenly over available suitable habitat) using the Kolomogorov-Smirnov test (alpha=0.05). We will then conduct a similar test for superimposed redds alone to determine if superimposition is occurring in specific areas. The spatial area of all redds constructed in a given year will be summed and compared to the available suitable (probability >0.5) habitat area predicted by our spawning model to determine how many redds can be constructed at Ives Island without redd superimposition (i.e., redd capacity). If superimposition occurs when redd capacity has been exceeded, we will conclude that superimposition is a response to habitat availability. If superimposition occurs when redd capacity has not been exceeded, then we will conclude that habitat availability is not a factor in redd superimposition. If this is true, we will implement WE X to further validate this conclusion. The percentage of redds superimposed will be related to fish abundance in the Ives, and other, spawning areas by regressing percent redd superimposition against annual fish abundance to determine if a relationship exits. Our expectation is that as fish abundance increases, redd superimposition will increase as well as competition for spawning space intensifies. Finally, for superimposed redds, we will calculate the mean area superimposed and identify the location in the initial redd that is most commonly re-excavated Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 2/30/2009 Deliverables: GIS layers showing the localized areas within the larger spawning area where superimposition occurs. Understanding of whether redds are constructed in proportion to habitat suitability and availability. Estimate of chum redd capacity. Determination of whether redd superimposition is a function of habitat availability, and whether spawning habitat is limited for chum salmon at Ives Island. A quantitative relationship between redd superimposition and fish abundance and habitat availability. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $56,750
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research,

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.3.4 USGS: Evaluate the efficacy of reducing redd superimposition through exclusion tests Subtask 4.3.4: Analyze/Interpret Data - Evaluate the efficacy of reducing redd superimposition through exclusion tests Methods: Historical redd locations at Ives Island will be plotted in a GIS. Redd locations from the exclusion test will overlaid in GIS on the historical locations to determine the percentage of redds constructed at historical redd locations and at locations not used historically. Using our existing spawning habitat model, determine the suitability of the redd locations used when fish are prevented from superimposing redds. We will construct a frequency distribution of the habitat suitability classes used in the exclusion tests and from historical redd locations. We will compare the two distributions using the Kolomogorov-Smirnov test to determine if excluded fish use habitats of equal, lesser, or higher suitability. Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 01/01/2009 – 09/30/2009 Deliverables: The suitability of habitats used by chum salmon when redd superimposition is prevented. 11/1/2008 12/20/2008 $47,283
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.3.6 USFWS: Analyze video images for the behavioral/fine-scale mechanisms of redd superimposition collected from remote video arrays in our GIS Subtask 4.3.6: Analyze/Interpret Data – Analyze video images for the behavioral/fine-scale mechanisms of redd superimposition collected from remote video arrays in our GIS. Description: By incorporating precisely georeferenced still images (+/- 3 cm) from the video into our GIS we can conduct a number of spatial and temporal analyses that would otherwise be impossible. In the GIS each redd, redd pocket and total disturbed redd area will be digitized with a polygon and assigned an identification number. Polygons will be subsequently populated with a suite of attributes including: temporal (start/end time, time to completion, time to first superimposition, hen residence time) and physical: size, distance to nearest redd, area between adjacent redds, % overlap-disturbed area, % overlap egg pockets and number of egg pocket superimposed. The analysis of these attributes within a spatiotemporal framework is essential to understanding the mechanisms of redd superimposition Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 1 month annually 10/01/2006 through 2/28/2009 Deliverables: We will provide a table outlining the spatiotemporal mechanisms of redd superimposition. This will include the number of redds per unit area that precludes superimposition, the density at which redd margins overlap and the point at which superimposition of actual egg pockets will occur. We also provide the empirical measurements for the number of redds, rate and extent of superimposition within our video arrays. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $45,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research,

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.3.8 USGS: Evaluate effectiveness of increased flows at reducing redd superimposition Subtask 4.3.8: RM&E and Data Management - Evaluate effectiveness of increased flows at reducing redd. Methods: We will compare the rates of redd construction and redd superimposition in the main Ives Island spawning channel before and after tailwaters are increased to 13.5 ft to determine if the number of new redds and superimposed redds decreases under the higher flow. Summarize the number of redds constructed in the north Ives Island spawning channel and any other newly inundated areas and the extent of redd superimposition to determine if fish did use new habitat. We will accept the hypothesis that increasing tailwater elevation reduces redd superimposition in the Ives spawning channel if no new superimposition is observed after tailwater is increased. If superimposition is observed in the main Ives spawning channel after tailwater is increased, then we will calculate the mean spatial extent of redds superimposed at the 13.5 ft tailwater elevation and compare it to that of the 11.5 ft tailwater to determine if redd-specific pattern of superimposition is related to tailwater elevation. Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 2/30/2009, dependant upon the 13.5 operation occurring. Deliverables: Percentage of redd superimposition in the main spawning area before and after tailwater is increased from 11.5 ft to 13.5 ft. Number and location of new redds constructed after tailwater is increased to 13.5 ft. Acceptance or rejection of hypothesis that increasing flow can reduce chum salmon redd superimposition. 10/1/2006 2/28/2009 $28,349
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.4.2 USFWS: Identify the locations and determine the number of chum spawning at each of the new locations Subtask 4.4.2: Analyze/Interpret Data – Identify the locations and determine the number of chum spawning at each of the new locations. Description: We will incorporate the positions for all chum redds and adults observed into our GIS. We will then sum the number of fish or redds by area, identify where they are (i.e. mouth the Little White River) and create maps showing all areas searched and all of the locations where fish or redds where located. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 9/30/2007, or just after each fall/winter survey Deliverables: We will produce digital maps of all areas searched and detailed maps of all areas we found chum salmon or redds. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $6,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4b. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.4.3 PSMFC: Determine Possible Stock Origins of Chum Salmon Collected at the Bonneville Trap Subtask 4.4.3: Radio tag chum salmon crossing Bonneville Dam (at the Bonneville Dam Trap) and determine and identify their destination (Mark/Tag Animals). Description: Apply radio transmitters to a sampling of adult chum salmon captured at the Bonneville Dam fish trap. The University of Idaho tracking system automatically records tracking data. Agency conducting work: PSMFC Start and End Dates: 10/15/2006 to 01/15/2009 Deliverables: Determination of migration routes and spawning locations of chum salmon above Bonneville Dam. 10/15/2006 1/15/2009 $110,290
Biological Objectives Metrics
4b. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.4.4 PSMFC: Determine Possible Stock Origins of Chum Salmon Collected at the Bonneville Trap Subtask 4.4.4: Determine Possible Stock Origins of Chum Salmon Collected at the Bonneville Trap (Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data) Description: Collect and preserve tissue sample from live adult chum salmon captured at the Bonneville Dam fish trap. Make available for DNA analysis. Agency conducting work: PSMFC Start and End Dates: 10/15/2006 to 01/15/2009 Deliverables: DNA samples ready for analysis. 10/15/2006 1/15/2009 $1,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
4b. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.5.2 USFWS: Determine if spawning of fall Chinook salmon is related to the time of day Subtask 4.5.2: Analyze/Interpret Data – Determine if spawning of fall Chinook salmon is related to the time of day. Description: Using the sound analysis software package (SpectraPro) we will analyze the wav file recordings of spawning fall Chinook. Specifically we will identify and count the number of digs occurring per unit of time and determine the proportion occurring during the night and during the day. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 12/01/2007 through 9/30/2009, or just after each fall spawning season. Deliverables: Will we produce a table/report describing the diel pattern of fall Chinook spawning. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $13,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
4c Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.6.2 USFWS: Determine the locations and how many steelhead are spawning below John Day Dam. Subtask 4.6.2: Analyze/Interpret Data – Determine the locations and how many steelhead are spawning below John Day Dam. Description: We will incorporate the positions for all steelhead redds and adults observed into our GIS. We will then sum the number of fish or redds by area, identify where they are and compare to our substrate suitability map of the area. We will create maps showing all areas searched and all of the locations where steelhead their redds were observed. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 9/30/2007, or just after each fall/winter survey Deliverables: We will produce digital maps of all areas searched and detailed maps of all areas we found steelhead redds . 12/1/2006 9/30/2007 $6,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4c Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.7.2 USFWS: Determine the locations and estimate how many tule fall Chinook are spawning below Bonneville Dam Subtask 4.7.2: Analyze/Interpret Data – Determine the locations and estimate how many tule fall Chinook are spawning below Bonneville Dam. Description: We will incorporate the positions for all tule fall Chinook redds and adults observed into our GIS. We will then some the number of fish or redds by area, identify where they are and compare to our substrate suitability map of the area. We will create maps showing all areas searched and all of the locations where tule fall Chinook redds were observed. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 2/01/2006 through 9/30/2007, or just after each fall/winter survey Deliverables: We will produce digital maps of all areas searched and detailed maps of all areas we found redds of tule fall Chinook. 12/1/2006 9/30/2007 $6,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.8.2 USFWS: Estimate the total number of redds annually present below John Day Dam using survey data collected along transects Subtask 4.8.2: Analyze/Interpret Data – Estimate the total number of redds annually present below John Day Dam using survey data collected along transects. escription: All point location data containing redds surveyed along transects will be incorporated into our GIS. With the georeferenced data, we will estimate the total number redds within each redd cluster with a proportionate method. We will calculate the proportion of redds per area searched and apply this ratio to the unsearched area between cross section and still within the perimeter of the redd cluster. With this methodology we will estimate the total number of redds present in the John Day Dam tailrace. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 4/30/2009, or just after each fall/winter survey Deliverables: We will produce a total redd estimate within our GIS for each of the two redd clusters and a total redd estimate for fall Chinook spawning below John Day Dam. 12/1/2006 4/30/2009 $9,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4c Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research
Focal Area: Hydrosystem

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.9.2 USFWS: Analyze surveys made of mainstem spawning chum salmon with an acoustic camera and a scientific echosounder Subtask 4.9.2: Analyze/Interpret Data - Analyze surveys made of mainstem spawning chum salmon with an acoustic camera and a scientific echosounder Description: The data collected with the acoustical equipment will be assessed for accuracy and statistical comparisons between the surveys will be made. In addition, comparison between each gear type will be compared and assessments will be made as to the “best” methodology. We will also compare out estimates to the mark recapture estimates that are made by project cooperators. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 9/30/2009, or just after each fall/winter survey Deliverables: We will produce table enumerating each week’s survey and deviance between the two gear types and the estimates made by the mark recapture technique. 12/1/2006 9/30/2009 $9,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Action Effectiveness Research

Analyze/Interpret Data 4.9.4 USFWS: Analyze surveys made of mainstem spawning fall Chinook salmon with a scientific echosounder Subtask 4.9.4: Analyze/Interpret Data - Analyze surveys made of mainstem spawning fall Chinook salmon with a scientific echosounder Description: The data collected with the acoustical equipment will be assessed for accuracy and statistical comparisons between the standard video surveys and the acoustic methods will be made. We will determine how well the new technique compares with conventional methods and validate its use for future surveys for both mapping redds and quantifying adults over spawning grounds. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 9/30/2007, or just after each fall/winter survey Deliverables: We will produce table enumerating each surveys estimate for the total number of adults present and the number of redds calculated by each method. 12/1/2006 9/30/2007 $9,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1.1 ODFW/PSMFC: Chum Salmon Spawning Ground Surveys Task 1.1 Chum Salmon Spawning Ground Surveys (Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data) Description: Weekly counts of redds and adult chum salmon (live and dead) in the mainstem Columbia River. The study area includes sampling locations from river mile 143.5 (Ives/Pierce island complex) to river mile 114.0 (near Interstate 205). Data collected include a) redd counts (all areas), b) live and dead fish counts (Ives/Pierce island area), and c) GPS locations of spawning areas or redds (all areas). Otoliths are collected from a representative set of carcasses for aging and stock identification. Carcasses are examined for the presence of tags and marks. Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and end dates: 10/1/2006 to 12/31/2006, 10/1/2007 to 12/31/2007, and 10/1/2008 to 12/31/2008. Deliverables: Completed fieldwork, raw data sheets, and biological samples documenting chum salmon spawning below Bonneville Dam (river miles 114.0-143.5). Data includes redd counts (all areas), counts of live and dead chum salmon (Ives/Pierce island complex), and GPS coordinates of redds and spawning locations. Biological samples include scales and otoliths removed from dead chum salmon for aging and stock identification. Gender ratio data is also collected upon recovering carcasses. 10/1/2006 12/31/2008 $221,791
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1.10 PNNL: Locate and map chum salmon deepwater spawning areas Task 1.10 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Locate and map chum salmon deepwater spawning areas. Description: We will conduct a survey using a boat deployed underwater video camera system to document deepwater spawning of chum salmon within Hamilton Slough and at the mouth of Woodward Creek near the Ives and Pierce Island complex. We propose additional searches near the I-205 bridge site and the Multnomah Creek areas to determine if chum salmon area spawning in deeper water adjacent to these sites. Surveys conducted in 2005 have documented chum salmon redds in 3.6 m water depth at the Rivershore chum salmon spawning site (near the I-205 bridge). For deepwater surveys, line transects will be established at regular intervals (20 m) and visual images of redds and bottom substrate will be recorded using an underwater video recording system. One deepwater survey will be conducted immediately after the peak-spawning interval (i.e., mid-November to early-December). All redds found will be geo-referenced using a real-time GPS system marked with a GPS; relative precision of positional data will be based on fixed geo-referenced points obtained at a suitable GPS base station and relative precision of positional data is expected to be ~ 0.25 m. Depth of the camera relative to the substrate, the number of transects, and distance covered during each transect will be recorded to estimate the amount of bottom area covered during each survey. This will allow us to estimate redd densities if the entire survey area cannot be effectively surveyed with the video system. All redds, and survey locations will be geo-referenced using GPS and subsequent map layers will be created using GIS. Additional data which can be collected at the time of initial surveys includes grain size and bed velocities at redd sites. Agency conducting work: PNNL Start and end dates: 11/1/06-12/15/06, 11/1/07-12/15/07, 11/1/08-12/15/08. Deliverables: One survey will be conducted during peak spawning (flows permitting during late November to early December) to search for chum salmon redds constructed adjacent to and downstream from the North side of Ives Island. Additional surveys will be conducted to document chum salmon redds constructed in water depths greater than 1.2 m near I-205 bridge, and Multnomah Creek chum salmon spawning locations. During the survey, we will sample arbitrary transects established perpendicular to flow at 25m intervals, and map redd locations using a gps. The product of this task will be a BPA report describing the results of the surveys, as well as GIS maps of the survey area and located redds. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $35,183
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1.11 PNNL: Locate and map fall Chinook salmon deepwater spawning areas Task 1.11 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Locate and map fall Chinook salmon deepwater spawning areas. Description: We will conduct surveys using a boat deployed underwater video camera system to document deepwater spawning of fall Chinook salmon within several search zones near the Ives and Pierce Island complex. Past surveys conducted by PNNL have documented that the majority of the fall Chinook redds occur adjacent to the main river channel side of Pierce Island. Figure 4.4.4 describes the general search zones for both fall Chinook and Chum salmon. Surveys conducted in the fall of 2003 have documented as many as 330 redds in water depths exceeding 1 m. Surveys in the fall of 2005 have documented a small number of fall Chinook salmon redds (~10) downstream of Moffett Creek near the main river channel in water depths > 7.6 m. Based on this new finding expanded searches are proposed at additional areas that are characterized as having suitable habitat. These additional surveys will further improve population estimates for fall Chinook salmon spawning below Bonneville Dam, We will attempt to determine the relationship between spawning populations using shallow water habitat and spawning populations using deep-water habitat to determine if population estimates from shallow water surveys can be used as an index for the total population. We will work with the USFWS and USGS personnel to use new technologies (acoustic camera and high definition eco-sounders) to further identify and enumerate redds occurring in deepwater areas adjacent to Pierce Island and other areas (Moffett Creek). For deep water surveys, line transects will be established at regular intervals (20 m) and visual images of redds and bottom substrate will be recorded using an underwater video recording system. A minimum of two deepwater surveys will be conducted immediately after the peak-spawning interval (i.e., mid-November to early-December) to document fall Chinook salmon spawning. All found redds will be geo-referenced using a real-time GPS system marked with a GPS; relative precision of positional data will be based on fixed geo-referenced points obtained at a suitable GPS base station and relative precision of positional data is expected to be ~ 0.25 m. Depth of the camera relative to the substrate, the number of transects, and distance covered during each transect will be recorded to estimate the amount of bottom area covered during each survey. This will allow us to estimate redd densities if the entire survey area cannot be effectively surveyed with the video system. All redds, reference targets, and survey locations will be geo-referenced using GPS and map layers will be created using a GIS. Additional data which can be collected at the time of initial surveys includes grain size and bed velocities at redd sites. Figure 4.4.4. Map showing deep-water fall Chinook salmon search zones near Pierce and Ives Islands along with chum salmon search zone in Hamilton Slough and near Woodward Creek.. Agency conducting work: PNNL Start and end dates: 11/1/06-12/15/06, 11/1/07-12/15/07, 11/1/08-12/15/08. Deliverables: Two surveys will be conducted during peak spawning (late November to early December) to search for fall Chinook salmon redds constructed adjacent to the south and downstream end of Ives Island, the south side of Pierce Island, and the Moffett Creek area. Chinook redds constructed in water depths greater than 1.2 m. but less than 9 m will be mapped using a GPS. Additional habitat parameters such and substrate composition and bed water velocities will also be collected at selected sites. An expanded fall Chinook salmon population estimate will be estimated based on redds found and video coverage area. .. The product of this task will be a BPA report describing the results of the surveys, as well as GIS maps of the survey area and all located salmon redds. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $102,548
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 1.6 ODFW,PSMFC Fall Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Surveys Task 1.6 Fall Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Surveys (Collect / Generate / Validate Field and Lab Data) Description: Weekly counts of redds and adult fall Chinook salmon (live and dead) in the mainstem Columbia River. The study area includes sampling locations from river mile 141.0 to 143.5 (Ives/Pierce island complex). Data collected include a) redd counts, b) live and dead fish counts, and c) GPS locations of spawning areas or redds. Scales are collected from a representative set of carcasses for age determination. Carcasses are examined for the presence of tags and marks. Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and end dates: 10/1/2006 to 12/31/2006, 10/1/2007 to 12/31/2007, and 10/1/2008 to 12/31/2008. Deliverables: Completed fieldwork, raw data sheets, and biological samples documenting chum salmon spawning below Bonneville Dam (river miles 114-143.5). Data includes redd counts (all areas), counts of live and dead fall Chinook salmon (Ives/Pierce island complex), and GPS coordinates of redds and spawning locations. Biological samples include scales removed from dead Chinook salmon for aging and stock identification. Gender ratio data is also collected upon recovering carcasses. 10/1/2006 12/31/2008 $188,405
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring,

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 2.1 PSMFC Document Evidence of Chum Salmon Naturally Spawning in Washington Tributaries From the Dalles Dam Downstream Task 2.1: Document Evidence of Chum Salmon Naturally Spawning in Washington Tributaries From the Dalles Dam Downstream Surveys (Collect / Generate / Validate Field and Lab Data) Description: Conduct weekly, or bi-weekly counts of chum salmon redds and adult chum salmon (living and dead) in tributaries of the Columbia River below The Dalles Dam known to have historically supported chum salmon. Counts will be made from either boats, rafts, or while on foot. Chum redds will be identified using the following criteria: chum salmon presence and size of redd. Download data for future analysis. Weekly spawner and redd counts from each area surveyed. Areas surveyed above Bonneville Dam include Little White Salmon, Big White Salmon, and Wind rivers, Carson, Dog, Rock, and Smith creeks. Areas surveyed below Bonneville Dam include Grays, Elochoman, Coweeman, Kalama, N.F. Lewis, E.F. Lewis, and Washougal rivers, Jim Crow, Skamokowa, Mill, Abernathy, Germany, Gibbons, Lawton, Good Bear/Archer, and Woodard creeks. During spawning ground surveys, collect otoliths from either all chum salmon carcasses or a randomly selected representative sample of chum salmon carcasses from each tributary. Preserve otoliths for possible strontium or thermal mark inspection. Collect and preserve fin or operculum samples for possible DNA analysis. Record water temperatures in and out of spawning areas. Determine and record whether chum salmon redds are in the main channel or a side channel. Collect spawning ground coordinates using GPS. Locate and record possible physical barriers. Download data for future analysis. Collect biological data from either all chum salmon carcasses or a randomly selected represented sample of chum salmon carcasses from each tributary. Data collected includes sex and length. Scale samples will also be collected for the purpose of aging. Remove tails to prevent data duplication. Download data for future analysis. Agency conducting work: PSMFC. Start and end dates: 10/15/2006 to 01/15/2009 Deliverables: Completed fieldwork, raw data sheets, and biological samples documenting chum salmon spawning in Washington tributaries. Data includes redd counts (all areas), counts of live and dead chum salmon, and GPS coordinates of redds and spawning locations. Biological samples include scales, otoliths, and DNA removed from dead chum salmon for aging and stock identification. Gender ratio data is also collected upon recovering carcasses. Spawning ground characteristics including water temperature, physical barriers, and location profile. 10/15/2006 1/15/2009 $164,172
Biological Objectives Metrics
2a. Protect spawning salmon in L Col tribs
Focal Area: Tributaries
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 3.1 ODFW,PSMFC Task 3.1 Juvenile Chum Salmon Population Sampling (Collect / Generate / Validate Field and Lab Data) Description: Capture and measure juvenile chum salmon in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 139.0 to 143.5 using beach and stick seines to describe length frequency and size at emigration, and to verify emergence timing estimates. Examine fish for the presence of marks/dye. This work occurs concurrently with sampling for juvenile Chinook salmon. Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and End Dates: 1/15/2007 to 6/15/2007, 1/15/2008 to 6/15/2008, and 1/15/2009 to 6/15/2009. Deliverables: Completed field work and raw data sheets. Data includes the number of juvenile chum salmon captured in the mainstem Columbia River below Bonneville Dam (river miles 139.0 – 143.5), fork lengths, and the amount of fishing effort expended. Surveys will be conducted once weekly at standardized sampling sites using beach and stick seines; the data will be used to generate length frequencies and verify estimates of emergence timing. 1/15/2007 6/15/2009 $246,022
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research,

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 3.3 ODFW,PSMFC Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Collection and Sampling Task 3.3 Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Collection and Sampling (Collect / Generate / Validate Field and Lab Data) Description: Capture and measure juvenile fall Chinook salmon in the mainstem Columbia River near Ives and Pierce islands (river miles 139.0 – 143.5) using beach and stick seines on a weekly basis. Fish of appropriate size (47-65 mm fork length) will be held in net pens for coded-wire tagging. Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and End Dates: 1/15/2007 to 6/30/2007, 1/15/2008 to 6/30/2008, and 1/15/2009 to 6/30/2009. Deliverables: Completed field work and raw data sheets. Data includes the number of juvenile Chinook salmon captured in the mainstem Columbia River below Bonneville Dam (river miles 139.0 – 143.5), their fork lengths, and the amount of fishing effort expended. Surveys will be conducted at least once weekly at standardized sampling sites, using beach and stick seines. The data will be used to describe length distribution and size at emigration, and verify estimates of emergence timing. We will retain a portion of the catch for CWT application. 1/15/2007 6/30/2009 $238,373
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 3.8 PNNL: Monitor bed temperatures and water surface elevations in chum salmon spawning locations Task 3.8 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Monitor bed temperatures and water surface elevations in chum salmon spawning locations Description: Bed temperatures and water surface elevations will be monitored within the Ives and Pierce Island, Multnomah Falls, and I-205 chum salmon spawning areas to monitor egg pocket conditions (temperature and water level), improve emergence timing calculations and to evaluate groundwater / surface water interaction relative to tailwater elevation. During FY 2007-2009 we will continue to maintain three automated, semi-permanent temperature and water level recording stations installed within chum salmon spawning areas near the mouth of Hamilton Creek to provide hourly real-time egg pocket temperature data and water surface elevations for distribution to the other agencies. Data will be collected in the north Ives channel from spawning (October) through emergence (end of June) each year. In newly identified chum salmon spawning areas (i.e., I-205 and Multnomah Falls areas) we will maintain at least one river and one bed temperature/water level recorder that are not part of the real-time data collection system. Data from the Multnomah and I-205 locations will be collected from October through June each year, and compared to Ives area data. Agency conducting work: PNNL Start and end dates: 10/1/06-7/1/07, 10/1/07-7/1/08, 10/1/08-7/1/09. Deliverables: Chum spawning bed temperature and water surface elevation data from 3 locations in the Ives north channel (centered on known chum salmon use areas near the mouth of Hamilton Creek) will be provided vial real time internet access. The data will be updated hourly, and will assist with emergence timing estimates and provide a datum by which redd dewatering can be gauged. Additional hyporheic temperature and water surface elevation data will be summarized after the completion of chum salmon emergence and provided as a letter report with electronic appendices including all temperature and water level data collected. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $102,078
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
No Metrics for this Work Element

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 3.9 PNNL: Monitor bed temperatures and water surface elevations in fall Chinook salmon spawning locations Task 3.9 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data-Monitor bed temperatures and water surface elevations in fall Chinook salmon spawning Description: Bed temperatures and water surface elevations will be monitored within Ives and Pierce Island fall Chinook spawning areas to monitor egg pocket conditions (temperature and water level), improve emergence timing calculations and to evaluate groundwater / surface water interaction relative to tailwater elevation. During FY 2007-2009 we will maintain 4 river sensors and 4 bed sensors that will record hourly egg pocket temperature data and water surface elevations for distribution to the other agencies. Data will be collected in the north Ives channel from spawning (October) through emergence (end of June) each year. Agency conducting work: PNNL Start and end dates: 10/1/06-7/1/07, 10/1/07-7/1/08, 10/1/08-7/1/09. Deliverables: Spawning bed temperature data will be provided to state agencies as they become available from October to June. We will attempt to download temperature data in fall Chinook spawning locations 2-3 times during that time period as flows allow. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $43,034
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.1.1 USFWS - Collect new and updated bathymetric data profiles in the Columbia River Subtask 4.1.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - We will conduct field surveys with survey grade instrumentation accurate to within +/- 2 cm to precisely map the bathymetric surfaces for all known and previously unmapped spawning sites between Interstate 205 at (RM) 113 and Bonneville Dam at RM 145. This multi-dependent work element supports several other essential objectives within this project including objectives for determining redd capacity for the lower Columbia River chum population, assessing redd superimposition, ensuring redds are not exposed to lethal TDG levels and updating our suitability and habitat models. With the exception of shallow water data, most of the bathymetry for this area has been previously surveyed by the USACE and has been incorporated into our GIS. In 2003 a consortium of state and federal agencies contracted a large and extensive LIDAR survey which we will acquire as it becomes available (December 2005, still unavailable). Agency conducting work: USFWS. Start and end dates: 10/01/2006 through 9/30/2007 Field surveys will be conducted throughout the year primarily when water levels are at season lows excluding spawning season. Products: For the near shore chum spawning locations we will survey the bathymetry and incorporate the data into our GIS for subsequent modeling. Each new bathymetric survey will result in a point data file containing precise geographic positions accurate to within +/- 2 cm. 10/1/2006 9/30/2007 $24,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.10 PNNL: Map bed temperatures in chum salmon spawning locations over a range of river discharges Task 4.10 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Map bed temperatures in chum salmon spawning locations over a range of river discharges Description: Spawning habitat modeling was previously completed using habitat metrics such as depth, velocity, and substrate as part of BPA project 199900301 for the Ives Island study area (Tiffan et al., 2003). Since creation of the model, additional habitat metrics such as hyporheic temperature have been discovered to be important indicators of preferred chum salmon spawning location in the Ives Island Area (Geist et al., 2002). Preliminary, unpublished data collected during 2005 in the Multnomah Falls and I-205 chum salmon spawning locations suggest chum salmon are also using warm, upwelling hyporheic water as a spawning cue in those locations. Past work to monitor hyporheic temperatures over time in the Ives Island Area have also shown that hyporheic temperature profiles vary with changing river discharge. During FY2007-FY2009, we will map hyporheic temperatures in chum salmon spawning areas within the Ives Island, Multnomah Falls, and I-205 sites to determine how hyporheic temperature profiles vary with changes in river discharge. Temperature data will be collected from a depth 10 cm below the riverbed and mapped using a GPS (Geist et al., 2002). We will collaborate with the USGS and together collect traditional spawning habitat data (e.g., depth, velocity, and substrate) at locations where we conduct temperature mapping. We will attempt to measure temperature profile differences within a spawning season and also between multiple years by mapping hyporheic temperatures at two different river discharges each spawning season FY2007-FY2009. The data will be incorporated into the existing USGS/USFWS habitat suitability model as they become available. Agency conducting work: PNNL Start and end dates: 11/1/06-12/15/06, 11/1/07-12/15/07, 11/1/08-12/15/08. Deliverables: At the end of each spawning season, we will provide the USGS/USFWS with GIS layers that include GPS coordinates of each temperature point, temperature data, and time of data collection so results can be correlated with river discharge and incorporated into the habitat suitability model. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $78,892
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.2.5 ODFW,PSMFC,PNNL: Deploy egg baskets to estimate egg to fry survival of chum salmon Subtask 4.2.5: Collect / Generate / Validate Field and Lab Data - Deploy egg baskets to estimate egg to fry survival of chum salmon. Description: Deploy egg baskets at ten sites below Bonneville Dam (river mile 114.0 to 143.5). Egg baskets will be seeded with fertilized eggs from broodstock chum salmon, buried in the substrate at known spawning sites, and inspected at weekly intervals throughout the known incubation period. Hatched and unhatched eggs and live fry will be counted at each inspection. The initial year of this work (2006-2007) will be used to assess feasibility and determine sampling sites. Work in the following two contract periods will include deepwater sites, employing a diver to place the egg baskets. Agency Conducting Work: ODFW, PSMFC, and PNNL Start and End Dates: 10/1/2006 to 2/28/2007, 10/1/2007 to 2/28/2008, and 10/1/2008 to 2/28/2009. Deliverables: Completed field work and raw data sheets; counts of hatched and unhatched eggs and live fry for each sampling period. 10/1/2006 2/28/2009 $64,641
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.3.1 USGS: Map the extent of chum salmon redd superimposition in the Ives Island area Task 4.3 Increase the spawning success of mainstem spawning chum salmon by reducing redd superimposition. Subtask 4.3.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Map the extent of chum salmon redd superimposition in the Ives Island area Methods: We will locate redds being constructed by chum salmon by using an observation tower, shore-based, or snorkel observations as required. The main chum salmon spawning area at Ives Island is located below the mouth of Hamilton Creek and is typically less than 1 m deep and spawning fish can be readily observed. We will identify chum salmon redds by the presence of chum salmon on the redd. Each redd will be visited daily to determine when the redd is complete. A redd will be considered complete when no active digging is observed. In addition, use information obtained in Task 3.2 to confirm when a redd is complete. Once a redd is complete, 1” white, or light-colored, gravel will be placed over the entire surface of the redd so that the darker-colored, excavated substrate is just covered. This will enable us to document subsequent superimposition of the redd because the excavation by later-spawning fish will reveal the darker substrate underneath. The location, perimeter, and dimensions of each redd will be measured using a survey-grade GPS. Each finished and “covered” redd will be visited daily to determine its use by subsequent spawning chum salmon. We will record the location, start time, and end time that a previously-constructed redd is used by a subsequent spawner. When a subsequent spawning pair has completed spawning in a previously-used redd, we will map the area of the new redd as described above. In addition, we will measure the percent of the original redd’s area excavated and superimposed by the subsequent spawner by mapping the spatial extent of the original redd that is still covered by light gravel. When the measuring and mapping of both redds are complete, any excavated, darker substrate of the new redd will be covered with light-colored gravel. Redd superimposition will be quantified in other lower Columbia spawning areas if results at Ives Island suggest that superimposition rates are high and therefore is likely occurring at other areas. Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2007, 11/01/2007 – 12/20/2008 and 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2008 Deliverables: The number of chum redds constructed in the Ives Island spawning area and the percentage of redds that are superimposed each year. Calculation of the mean spatial extent of redds that are excavated as a result of superimposition by subsequent spawners. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $107,185
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.3.3 USGS: Test the efficacy of reducing redd superimposition through exclusion tests Subtask 4.3.3: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Test the efficacy of reducing redd superimposition through exclusion tests Methods: If we determine that chum salmon redd superimposition occurs in the presence of available suitable habitat, we will determine if we can increase use of that habitat and thereby reduce redd superimposition by excluding fish from using previously constructed redds. We hypothesize that if fish are prevented from superimposing existing redds, they will spawn in unoccupied suitable habitat within the area. If so, we can conclude the redd superimposition is a behavioral choice rather than due to habitat availability. Areas of high redd superimposition will be identified at Ives Island or other spawning sites. After each new chum redd is constructed, we will cover the redd with wire mesh (e.g., chain-link fencing) and secure it to the riverbed with rebar staples. This will prevent subsequent fish from spawning in that redd. We will cover and record the location of all new redds. Redd locations will be plotted in a GIS. Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 11/01/2008 – 12/20/2008 Deliverables: The number and location of chum redds in the Ives spawning area when redd superimposition is prevented. 11/1/2008 12/20/2008 $85,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.3.5 USFWS: Collect overhead remote video of spawning chum salmon to record the behavioral/fine-scale mechanisms of redd construction and superimposition Subtask 4.3.5: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Collect overhead remote video of spawning chum salmon to record the behavioral/fine-scale mechanisms of redd construction and superimposition. Description: Using overhead remote video arrays we will record the progression of spawning, redd construction and the subtle behaviors involved from the first to the last redd in one or more documented superimposition sites. Each array will be fitted with a remote video camera with infra-red lights for night work and will digitally record georeferenced redd reconstruction data for a plot of approximately 300 m2 (Figure 1). Surveyed pins viewable within each video array will make it possible to register all pixels within the array with real-world coordinates for assimilation into our GIS. As spawning season progresses we will continue to record and incorporate these data into our GIS data base. One possible outcome is that redds margins overlap but that egg pockets are not actually excavated except during the highest escapements. Also some amount of superimposition could be natural and other more severe levels could be the result of limited spawning habitat. To further document this will we install D-ring fyke nets to catch excavated eggs as a qualitative measure of superimposition. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2007, 11/01/2007 – 12/20/2008 and 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2008 Deliverables: Digital video files will be recorded to computer hard drives. All video will be date and time stamped. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $60,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.3.7 USGS: Reduce chum redd superimposition through flow management Subtask 4.3.7: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Work Element: Reduce chum redd superimposition through flow management. Methods: We will test the hypothesis that increasing river flows will reduce chum salmon redd superimposition in the main Ives spawning channel. Fishery managers are clearly interested in this and proposed trying this during 2005 by increasing Bonneville tailwater elevation to 13.5 ft (System Operation Request #2005-21; available at http://www.fpc.org/documents/sors/sor_currentyear/2005-21.pdf), but the SOR was never implemented. If fishery managers implement the 13.5 ft SOR, we will measure chum salmon spawning activity in the Ives Island spawning channel as described in above. In addition, we will use a DIDSON acoustic camera to survey this area for fish presence and redd construction activity under the 13.5 ft tailwater elevation. We have used the DIDSON on this project to successfully observe spawning behavior of chum salmon (Tiffan et al. 2005). We will continue to cover completed redds to document redd superimposition as previously described. We expect that at a tailwater elevation of 13.5 ft, velocities will be too high (>1 m/s) for chum salmon to construct new redds. Indeed this is the intent of the 13.5 ft SOR, which will theoretically protect previously constructed redds by creating habitat conditions that are unsuitable for later-spawning fish. We expect at 13.5 ft that later-arriving chum salmon will access newly available spawning habitat on the north side of Ives Island, where spawning was observed in 1998 and 1999 under higher flows. We will survey the channel on the north side of Ives Island for chum salmon presence, digging activity, spawning, and the number of redds and their locations when the tailwater is at 13.5 ft. Continue regularly scheduled monitoring of the number of fish using Hamilton Creek, Hamilton Springs, and Hardy Creek to determine if use of those areas increases in response to increased Columbia River flows. If the 13.5 ft SOR is not implemented due to uncertain water availability, then request 13.5 ft tailwater increase for a period of seven days to test the stated hypothesis and monitor fish response as described above. The obvious risk associated with this short-term test is that some redds might be dewatered if fish indeed spawn in new habitats at higher riverbed elevations. Because the spawning area on the north side of Ives Island where fish have been observed spawning in 1998 and 1999 would be covered by pools after water recedes, this might afford some protection for eggs deposited in that area. The risk does remain however, but it should be weighed against the loss of eggs through superimposition if superimposition is not mitigated in years when it is known to occur. Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2007, 11/01/2007 – 12/20/2008 and 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2008 Deliverables: Number and location of new redds constructed in the main Ives Island spawning channel and in the channel on the north side of Ives Island at a 13.5 ft tailwater elevation. Number of fish spawning in other nearby spawning areas in response to the 13.5 ft tailwater elevation. 11/1/2006 12/20/2008 $104,520
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research,

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.3.9 USGS: Collect behavioral data on chum salmon during reverse load following events Subtask 4.3.9: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Collect behavioral data on chum salmon during reverse load following events. Methods: During periods of extreme reverse load following at Bonneville Dam (i.e. flows >200kcfs), we will evaluate the effects on chum salmon spawning behavior in the main Ives Island spawning area. Since reverse load following occurs at night, we will select an actively spawning pair and set a DIDSON acoustic camera to observe their behavior for a period of 4 h prior to an anticipated high flow event and then for the duration of the load following event. We will collect the following information from DIDSON images: digging frequency, frequency of tail crossing by the courting male, chasing events, and tailbeats/min as indication of swimming speed. During the spawning season, we will collect information on as many spawning pair as possible, but this will depend on the frequency of reverse loading events and the number of fish in the spawning area. Agency Conducting Work: USGS Start and end dates: 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2007, 11/01/2007 – 12/20/2008 and 11/01/2006 – 12/20/2008 Deliverables: DIDSON images of chum salmon spawning behavior before and during high reverse load following events. 11/1/2006 12/20/2008 $15,761
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.4.1 USFWS: Using underwater hydrophones, conduct surveys for mainstem spawning chum in previously unknown and suspected locations Task 4.4 Determine if chum salmon are spawning in any new mainstem spawning sites that were previously unknown and or difficult to survey. Subtask 4.4.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Using underwater hydrophones, conduct surveys for mainstem spawning chum in previously unknown and suspected locations. Description: We will employ the techniques developed by our staff in 2005 and 2006 to identify new mainstem spawning chum salmon locations by drifting with hydrophones and listening for the distinct and unique sound signature of spawning salmon. Upon auditory identification we will confirm with underwater video any chum or redds in the area. Chum salmon surveys will be conducted between the known spawning areas in the mainstem Columbia River including suspected sites in Bonneville Pool near tributary mouths and site with natural spring activity. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 11/01/2006 through 11/30/2006 and 11/01/2007 through 11/30/2007 and 11/01/2008 through 11/30/2008 Deliverables: We will listen for the distinct and unique sound signatures of salmon constructing redds in real-time for the previously specified locations. If spawning is identified we will record the signature as wav files and then locate and confirm visually or with underwater video cameras chum salmon and redds in the area. Locations will be mapped with GPS for later dissemination. 11/1/2006 11/30/2008 $15,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4b. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.5.1 USFWS: Conduct fall Chinook diel spawning habitat use Surveys below John Day Dam with hydrophones. Task 4.5 Quantify the diel relationship between the time of day and redd construction by spawning fall Chinook salmon below John Day Dam. Subtask 4.5.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Conduct fall Chinook diel spawning habitat use Surveys below John Day Dam with hydrophones. Description: We will conduct diel habitat use surveys in the tailrace of John Day Dams to determine the temporal distribution of fall chinook spawning. Diel surveys will be performed in addition to deepwater redd surveys. The primary goal of this objective is to maximize both the quantity and quality of tailrace spawning habitat by determining if existing dam practices negatively impact or limit spawning. To assess this, passive monitoring of spawning fall chinook activity will be recorded with hydrophones on a 24 h and seasonal time step. Underwater hydrophones will be deployed in one or more known spawning locations to document the temporal distribution of spawning behavior. Specifically, the unique acoustic signatures from redd construction via colliding substrate particles will be recorded as digs per unit of time. Auditory data will be verified with the use of an underwater video camera for diurnal events and a DIDSON acoustic camera will be used for nocturnal events. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 10/15/2006 - 11/15/2006 and 10/15/2007 - 11/15/2007 and 10/15/2008 - 11/15/2008 Deliverables: Passive monitoring of spawning fall Chinook activity will be recorded with hydrophones on a 24 h and seasonal time step and recorded in high quality digital wav files. The hydrophones will record the sounds from multiple salmon digging redds within an approximate radius of 1 km. Specifically, the acoustic signatures from redd construction via colliding substrate particles will be recorded as digs per unit of time and regressed against daylight and upstream Dam operations. The analysis of this data will produce a temporal picture of mainstem spawning fall Chinook behavior and can be used to request suitable spawning flows for the relevant time frame. 10/15/2006 11/15/2008 $19,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
4c Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem,
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.6.1 USFWS: Conduct mainstem Columbia River steelhead spawning surveys in the tailrace of John Day Dam Task 4.6 Investigate accounts of mainstem spawning steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in the tailrace of John Day Dam. Subtask 4.6.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Conduct mainstem Columbia River steelhead spawning surveys in the tailrace of John Day Dam Description: In separate accounts in 2003 and again in 2004 we interviewed steelhead fisherman about steelhead they caught over areas we had hypothesized as potential steelhead spawning sites. The suspected spawning sites are shallower than those used by adjacent spawning fall Chinook and are comprised of smaller substrates. If steelhead are spawning there, they are listed under ESA. On two occasions, sportsman commented on the “ruffed up tails” of hen steelhead caught in the area and actually commented that these fish were “spawning” there. These interviews we conducted at the Rufus, OR boat ramp during our early December fall Chinook redd surveys and the accounts we to have occurred in February of 2002 and March of 2003. Additionally, steelhead have been documented spawning in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River and historically spawned in the mainstem Columbia River. We will employ previously developed methods and identify any spawning steelhead and their redds in the John Day tailrace. Methods will include hydrophones to “listen” to potentially spawning fish and underwater video to confirm and map redds. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 02/15/2007 through 4/15/20078 and 02/15/2008 through 4/15/2008 and 02/15/2009 through 4/15/2009 Deliverables: We will listen for the distinct and unique sound signatures of steelhead constructing redds in real-time for the previously specified location. If spawning is identified we will record the signature as wav files and then locate and confirm visually or with underwater video cameras the presence steelhead and redds in the area. Images from the DIDSON and scientific echosounder will also be archived. Locations will be mapped with GPS for later dissemination and publication. 2/15/2007 4/15/2009 $12,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4c Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.7.1 USFWS: Conduct mainstem Columbia River tule fall Chinook redd surveys in the below Bonneville Dam in the Ives Island area Task 4.7 Determine if tule fall Chinook are spawning in the mainstem Columbia River near the Ives Island Complex below Bonneville Dam. Subtask 4.7.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Conduct mainstem Columbia River tule fall Chinook redd surveys in the below Bonneville Dam in the Ives Island area. Description: In past years staff biologist have observed ESA listed tule fall Chinook (Chinook Lower Columbia River ESU) spawning in shallow water with the Ives Island complex. This spawning was observed in late September and was documented over several years. WDFW also conducted some exploratory seining and collected newly emergent Chinook salmon in February. Based on temperature unit calculations those fish were likely spawned in September which is when tule fall Chinook spawn and shallow water spawning was observed. We will employ previously developed methods to identify any spawning tule fall Chinook or redds in mainstem Columbia River in water to deep to be observed from the surface. Methods will include hydrophones to “listen” to potentially spawning fish, underwater video to confirm the presence of tule redds. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 09/15/2007 through 09/30/2008 and 09/15/2008 though 09/30/2008 and 09/15/2009 through 09/30/2009 Deliverables: We will listen for the distinct and unique sound signatures of tule fall Chinook constructing redds in real-time in the mainstem Columbia River below Bonneville Dam. If spawning is identified we will record the signature as wav files and then locate and confirm visually or with underwater video cameras the presence tule fall Chinook and redds in the area. Locations will be mapped with GPS for later dissemination and publication. 9/15/2007 9/15/2009 $9,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.8.1 USFWS: Conduct Deep Water Videography Surveys of Fall Chinook Redds in the John Day Dam tailrace Task 4.8 Quantify fall Chinook spawning in the John Day Dam tailrace with redd surveys. Subtask 4.8.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data - Conduct Deep Water Videography Surveys of Fall Chinook Redds in the John Day Dam tailrace. Description: Conduct continued deep water redd surveys below John Day Dam using a 2-man boat mounted underwater videography system equipped with on the fly GIS/GPS mapping capabilities. Surveys will be conducted along transects used in previous years to maintain and document the population status and for comparison and analysis with the diel spawning objective and the hydroacoustic objective 8.0. Habitat metrics will be recorded for each redd identified, including depth and substrate. Habitat use and non-use data collected on these surveys is also used to refine our suitability criteria for fall Chinook. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 12/01/2006 through 12/15/2006 and 12/01/2007 through 12/15/2007 and 12/01/2008 through 12/15/2008 Deliverables: An underwater sled equipped with a video camera and lasers for scale reference will be towed just above the river bed at regularly spaced transects (15 m) and parallel to the river current. Video will be assessed in real-time for the presence and absence of redds and data will be recorded with a digital video recorder. All data will be geographically and temporally referenced with our on the fly GIS/GPS mapping system with sub-meter accuracy. We will produced a coverage of redds mapped in our GIS as well as the track of the boat along each cross section. 12/1/2006 12/15/2008 $27,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
4c Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.9.1 USFWS/USGS: Conduct surveys of mainstem spawning chum salmon in one or more current spawning sites with an acoustic camera and a scientific echosounder Task 4.9 Develop new cost effective remote sensing methods to quantify level of mainstem spawning activity by Columbia River salmonids (redd and adult enumeration). Subtask 4.9.1: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Conduct surveys of mainstem spawning chum salmon in one or more current spawning sites with an acoustic camera and a scientific echosounder. Description: We will test the efficacy of a newly acquired scientific echosounder (Biosonics DT-X) and an acoustic camera (DIDSON) to remotely and efficiently quantify spawning chum salmon over their spawning grounds. Surveys will occur weekly or bi-weekly throughout the spawning seasons on one or more documented spawning site by passively drifting the instrument adjacent to the spawning site and “imaging” the number of adults over the spawning site at that time. A number of drifts will be made with each instrument so that confidence intervals can be calculated. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS/USGS Start and end dates: 11/01/2006 through 11/31/2006 and 11/01/2007 through 11/31/2007 and 11/01/2008 through 11/31/2008 Deliverables: Weekly remote sensing surveys will be made over one or more of the spawning sites. The data collected will consist of digital data files (acoustic) and will be geographically referenced with survey grade GPS instruments (accuracy +/-2 cm). Data will be incorporated into our GIS, for display and quantification. 11/1/2006 11/30/2008 $24,294
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research,

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data 4.9.3 USFWS/USGS Conduct surveys of mainstem spawning fall Chinook salmon in one or more documented spawning sites with a scientific echosounder. Subtask 4.9.3: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Conduct surveys of mainstem spawning fall Chinook salmon in one or more documented spawning sites with a scientific echosounder. Description: We will test the efficacy of a newly acquired scientific echosounder (Biosonics DT-X) to remotely and efficiently quantify both mainstem spawning fall Chinook salmon and their redds in the Columbia River. Surveys will occur during peak spawning in mid November for the adult portion of the work and in late November or early December for the redd quantification objective. Redd surveys will be conducted in conjunction with underwater video surveys using the same transects and general methods for comparison. Start and end dates: 11/10/2006 through 11/20/2006 and 11/10/2007 through 11/20/2007 and 11/10/2008 through 11/20/2008 (Adult Spawner Surveys) and 11/25/2006 through 12/05/2006 and 11/25/2007 through 12/05/2007 and 11/25/2008 through 12/05/2008 (redd surveys) Agency Conducting Work: USFWS/USGS Deliverables: Collected data files will be assess with the echosounder software and fish targets “spawning fall Chinook” will be exported into our GIS for comparison with conventional video surveys of redds. 11/10/2006 12/5/2008 $15,294
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results 1.3 ODFW Chum Salmon Spawning Ground Survey Data Exchange Task 1.3 Chum Salmon Spawning Ground Survey Data Exchange (Disseminate Raw / Summary Data and Results) Description: Chum salmon spawner survey data will be provided electronically to the Fish Passage Advisory Committee and to the appropriate regional fish passage database organization on a weekly basis (this data was previously provided to the Fish Passage Center for dissemination to the region via the FPC website). Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and end dates: 10/1/2006 to 12/31/2006, 10/1/2007 to 12/31/2007, and 10/1/2008 to 12/31/2008. Deliverables: Regular data uploads throughout spawning ground survey season (October – December). Data exchanged includes the number of live and dead chum salmon observed and the number and location of redds observed in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 114.0 to 143.5. This includes regularly sampled sites at the Ives/Pierce island complex, Multnomah Creek, Horsetail Creek, the St. Cloud area, and the I-205 area. Data will be uploaded at least once weekly. 10/15/2006 1/15/2009 $4,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
No Metrics for this Work Element

Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results 1.7 ODFW Fall Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Survey Data Exchange Task 1.7 Fall Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Survey Data Exchange (Disseminate Raw / Summary Data and Results) Description: Chum salmon spawner survey data will be provided electronically to the Fish Passage Advisory Committee and to the appropriate regional fish passage database organization on a weekly basis (this data was previously provided to the Fish Passage Center for dissemination to the region via the FPC website). Agency conducting work: ODFW. Start and end dates: 10/1/2006 to 12/31/2006, 10/1/2007 to 12/31/2007, and 10/1/2008 to 12/31/2008. Deliverables: Regular data uploads throughout spawning ground survey season (October – December). Data exchanged includes the number of live and dead fall Chinook salmon observed and the number and location of redds observed in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 141.0 to 143.5; this includes regularly sampled sites at the Ives/Pierce island complex. Data will be uploaded at least once weekly. 10/1/2006 12/31/2008 $4,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
No Metrics for this Work Element

Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results 4.1.4 USFWS: Provide for real-time access to the model simulations, calculations of redds dewatered or proposed hydrosystem operations for use in decision analysis Subtask 4.1.4: Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results – Provide for real-time access to the model simulations, calculations of redds dewatered or proposed hydrosystem operations for use in decision analysis. Description: Results of the model simulations and the current years redd locations will be uploaded to a web page (www.fpc.org or www.fws.gov\tobetermined) so that interactive real-time queries can be conducted by the salmon and hydrosystem managers. Results will be available in graphical representation and well as a tabular depiction or histogram of redd depth for any selected hydrosystem operations and the percent of redds dewatered. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 10/01/2007 through 9/30/2009 Deliverables: Regular data uploads of the current years redd positions and their depth attributes and any refinements to model simulations. 10/1/2007 9/30/2009 $7,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
No Metrics for this Work Element

Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results 4.2.4 USFWS: Provide access to the public, researches and managers all data relative to hydraulic and habitat simulations Subtask 4.2.4: Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results – Provide access to the public, researches and managers all data relative to hydraulic and habitat simulations. Description: To provide real time and informed data which can be implemented in a decision analysis, we will provide access to our data and analysis via an interactive GIS web site as we have done in the past. As requested we will also provide data, reports and memos to the managers in a timely manner to facilitate informed management decisions. Agency Conducting Work: USFWS Start and end dates: 10/01/2006 through 9/30/2009 as data, analyses and results in part, or in completion will be made available to the managers as requested. Deliverables: For the respective simulations, analysis and results, we will provide access to the data via the web, in written reports and through interactive GIS web sites. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $7,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
4a. Protect mainstem spawning and rearing habitat
No Metrics for this Work Element

Mark/Tag Animals 1.2 ODFW,PSMFC Chum Salmon Spawning Ground Tagging Task 1.2 Chum Salmon Spawning Ground Tagging (Mark/Tag Animals) Description: Chum salmon carcasses are tagged and marked to estimate spawning population abundance in the mainstem Columbia River from river mile 141.0 to 143.5 (Ives/Pierce island complex). Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and end dates: 10/1/2006 to 12/31/2006, 10/1/2007 to 12/31/2007, and 10/1/2008 to 12/31/2008. Deliverables: Coded or colored tags applied to chum salmon carcasses encountered during spawning ground surveys. Tag data (code/color, date, location) recorded on data sheets. Tagged carcasses are returned to the water and recovered in subsequent surveys, and the recovery rate data is used to estimate the total population of spawning chum salmon in the mainstem Columbia River near Ives and Pierce islands (river miles 141.0 – 143.5). 10/1/2006 12/31/2008 $51,916
Biological Objectives Metrics
1a. Protect spawning salmon in Col R mainst
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring

Mark/Tag Animals 3.4 ODFW,PSMFC Tagging of Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Task 3.4 Tagging of Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon (Mark / Tag Animals) Description: Mark (adipose fin-clip and CWT) up to 50,000 naturally produced juvenile fall Chinook salmon in the mainstem Columbia River near Ives and Pierce islands (river miles 139.0 – 143.5). Agency conducting work: ODFW and PSMFC. Start and End Dates: 4/15/2007 to 6/30/2007, 4/15/2008 to 6/30/2008, and 4/15/2009 to 6/30/2009. Deliverables: Successful marking of up to 50,000 naturally produced fall Chinook salmon in the mainstem Columbia River near Ives and Pierce islands (river miles 139.0 – 143.5). Fish between 47 and 65 mm fork length are assumed to have originated in the study area, and will be marked with an adipose fin clip and CWT. A proportion of the marked fish are held for 24 hours to assess tag retention and handling mortality; the remainder are released immediately back into the study area. Returns of marked fish will be used to estimate juvenile-to-adult survival rates. 4/15/2007 6/30/2009 $313,440
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties Research

Mark/Tag Animals 3.6 PSMFC Tag juvenile chum salmon in Hamilton Creek to Profile Chum Salmon Production for the Ives/Pierce Island Area Task 3.6: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data – Tag juvenile chum salmon in Hamilton Creek to Profile Chum Salmon Production for the Ives/Pierce Island Area. Description: Feasibility study to enumerate juvenile chum salmon production from the mainstem Columbia River in the Ives/Pierce island area. The fish will be captured, marked, released, and recaptured within different periods, during which capture efficiency may be changing due to flow conditions. Consequently, it can be considered a stratified mark-recapture experiment. Each trap efficiency trial will be uniquely paired with one capture period (stratum). This can be accomplished by releasing marked smolts at relatively short intervals (e.g. a few days) so that there is little chance that fish will be recaptured in later strata. Agency conducting work: PSMFC. Start and End Dates: 01/15/2007 to 05/31/2009 Deliverables: Estimates of Ives/Pierce Island chum salmon production can be made by using traps in two different locations. The trap (probably a screw trap) would be placed in Hamilton Creek, and would be used to capture and mark fry leaving the stream. Estimates of trap efficiency and population size leaving Hamilton Creek could be made by re-releasing marked fish above the trap. The second trap would be in the mainstem Columbia below the mouth of Hamilton Creek, and maybe a fyke net or screw trap. Both unmarked and marked fry would be captured in the Columbia trap. The ratio of marked and unmarked fish captured will depend on the number of fry outmigrating from the Ives/Pierce Island complex relative to the number of fish migrating from Hamilton Creek. This ratio will allow estimation of the fry population originating from the Columbia River. The precision of the Ives/Pierce abundance estimate will depend on the relative sizes of the two populations and the absolute number of fish. 1/15/2007 5/31/2009 $104,125
Biological Objectives Metrics
3a. Protect eggs and juveniles in L Col R mainstem
Focal Area: Hydrosystem
Primary R, M, and E Type: Status and Trend Monitoring
Secondary R, M, and E Type: Select a Metric Focal Area Primary R, M, and E Ty


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Personnel [blank] $470,612 $502,810 $526,419
Fringe Benefits [blank] $218,330 $231,204 $239,697
Supplies [blank] $34,469 $26,673 $29,289
Travel [blank] $55,387 $54,018 $50,263
Capital Equipment [blank] $17,500 $1,500 $1,500
Overhead [blank] $295,849 $306,766 $315,147
Other [blank] $91,778 $93,922 $101,063
Totals $1,183,925 $1,216,893 $1,263,378

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$3,664,196
Total Work Element budget$3,664,196

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$1,301,864 $1,340,919 [Outyear comment field left blank]
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
 
Termination Date Comments
Information collected by this project will be needed by fishery managers to protect populations of chum and fall Chinook salmon for as long as FCRPS operations impact mainstem spawning habitat.
 
Final Deliverables

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
Location:
Province: Mainstem on the ground/Multiprovince
Subbasin: Mainstem on the ground/Multiprovince
Primary Focal Species
No Change
ARG Comments: [none]


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$779,586
FY 2008 Budget
$779,586
FY 2009 Budget
$779,586
Total NPCC Rec
$2,338,758
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:Multi-province
Recommendation:Fund
Comments: Scope expansion not accepted. Budget at the FY 2006 level.


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$779,586
FY 2008 Budget
$779,586
FY 2009 Budget
$779,586
Total NPCC Rec
$2,338,758
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:Multi-province
Comments: Scope expansion not accepted. Budget at the FY 2006 level.
NPCC Staff Comments: Rroposed scope expansion not accepted; started w/ ’06 budget for on-going scope, then bumped up a bit (approx. 5%) to illustrate possible budget situation in ’07 on existing scope; if took this path, would need to get ’07 budget based on work elements. MSRT recommends $779,586.

Local or MSRT Comments: The MSRT recommends that the project sponsors for this project prioritize the tasks within this proposal to meet the budget recommendation. The Core Program work within this project is the chum redds mapping and monitoring which guides system operations at Bonneville Dam and the Chinook surveys below the lower Columbia River dams.

MSRT General Comments: This project establishes operating criteria for maintaining flows below Bonneville for redd distribution. There was some discussion that USACE versus BPA responsibility should be visited for this project. Chum portion of the project is Core Program; some members of the MSRT felt that the fall Chinook portion may be High Priority. This project is coordinated with project number 200303800, evaluating mainstem spawning habitat in the Snake River.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable
NPCC Comments: This is an extremely well-prepared and well-documented proposal. The background on technical and scientific issues is thoroughly presented. The project history appears complete and identifies that management calls upon the project for information to support hydrosystem operations, and that system operation modifications are under consideration because of the products of the project. There is a clear statement of objectives with a well-established need. The rationale and significance are clearly identified. Information on chum and fall chinook spawning and adaptation to the hydrosystem is crucial to system modifications to accommodate fish. The data will undoubtedly lead to management that will provide persisting benefits.

The project is directed by experienced personnel who have an appropriate mix of expertise. The methods employed are sound, usual practices in fisheries investigations with the exception of the DIDSON sonar, which is rather new. The correct population parameters are being measured. The proposed activities are well integrated with past work and other agency projects.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable
NPCC Comments: This is an extremely well-prepared and well-documented proposal. The background on technical and scientific issues is thoroughly presented. The project history appears complete and identifies that management calls upon the project for information to support hydrosystem operations, and that system operation modifications are under consideration because of the products of the project. There is a clear statement of objectives with a well-established need. The rationale and significance are clearly identified. Information on chum and fall chinook spawning and adaptation to the hydrosystem is crucial to system modifications to accommodate fish. The data will undoubtedly lead to management that will provide persisting benefits.

The project is directed by experienced personnel who have an appropriate mix of expertise. The methods employed are sound, usual practices in fisheries investigations with the exception of the DIDSON sonar, which is rather new. The correct population parameters are being measured. The proposed activities are well integrated with past work and other agency projects.

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