FY 2007 Solicitation Homepage

Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding

Proposal 199404700: Lake Pend Oreille Fishery Recovery Project: purpose to restore fisheries impacted by the federal hydropower system within the Idaho portion of the Pend Oreille drainage.

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
January 10, 2006 Finalized Melo Maiolie

Proposal Type: Ongoing
Proposal Number: 199404700
Proposal Name: Lake Pend Oreille Fishery Recovery Project: purpose to restore fisheries impacted by the federal hydropower system within the Idaho portion of the Pend Oreille drainage.
BPA Project Manager: Jay Marcotte
Agency, Institution or Organization: Idaho Department of Fish & Game
Short Description: Proposal's primary focus is to finish studies to restore kokanee spawning habitat in Lake Pend Oreille and to meet bull trout recovery objectives by balancing predator/prey ratios in the lake and removing the threat of interspecific competition.
Information Transfer: Annual meetings will continue to be held with BPA, NOAA, USACE, IDFG, and Governor's Lakes Commission, to discuss findings and lake level changes. Annual reports will be posted at BPA's and IDFG's web sites. Hard copies of reports will be available upon request. Where appropriate, selected studies will be written for peer reviewed publications.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
Melo Maiolie Idaho Department of Fish & Game P.O. Box 806
Bayview ID 83803
Ph: 208.683.9218
Fax: 208.683.3054
Email: mmaiolie@adelphia.net
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts
Melo Maiolie Idaho Department of Fish & Game P.O. Box 806
Bayview ID 83803
Ph: 208.683.9218
Fax: 208.683.3054
Email: mmaiolie@adelphia.net
Form Submitter
Project Lead
Supervisor

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Intermountain ARG Province: No Change
Sponsor Subbasin: Pend Oreille ARG Subbasin: No Change
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
48.1291 -116.4335 [none] Lake Pend Oreille Bonner, Idaho Pend Oreille Yes

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
Bull Trout
Kokanee
Lake Trout
Rainbow Trout
Westslope Cutthroat

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project
Fiscal Year Accomplishments
2005 Found high winter lake level and good adult year class produced very strong year class of kokanee fry with high survival rate. Modeled lake trout population, indicated a large effort is needed to control them. Inventoried warm water fish in P.O. river.
2004 Documented that a full drawdown of the lake greatly impacted kokanee spawning, but improved spawning habitat.Successfully evaluated trap nets for lake trout removal. Documented high predation rates on kokanee. Monitored shrimp abundance and water quality.
2003 Action agencies agreed to higher winter lake level. This provided abundant kokanee spawning area and excellent egg survival for a low kokanee year class. Gravel quality in spawning areas declined but still good. Shrimp abundance increased to 524/m2.
2002 Documented the effect of lower winter lake level with a very low year class of kokanee spawners. Egg survival found to be very good. Core samples found deep gravel was cleaned by wave action. Surveys of kokanee population found adults at new record lows.
2001 Completion report written covering 5 years of results. Monitoring continued. Kokanee egg-to-fry survival at 7.9%. Quality of spawning habitat declined, so recommended full drawdown. Predation on older kokanee recognized as too high.
2000 Lake levels varied by court case. Record high kokanee fry abundance found, with survival high at 5.9%. Kokanee, rainbow, shrimp, zooplankton, and bass studied. Bull trout and kokanee included in USFWS biological opinion. Bass habitat dependant on elev.
1999 Lake level changes continue to enhance spawning habitat. Kokanee egg-fry survival again improved at 6%. Bioenergetics modeling shows 154 tons of kokanee eaten causing high mortality of older fish. Bass winter habitat limited during full drawdowns.
1998 Lake level changes continued. Kokanee egg-to-fry survival improved from 1.4% in 1995 to 9.6% in 1998. Trawling, hydroacoustic, bioenergetic modeling, zooplankton, and shrimp studies continue. Siltation of spawning areas found to be minor.
1997 Winter lake level raised to 2055'. Estimated 1.8 million square feet of spawning habitat was created. Three graduate projects were started. Kokanee, shrimp, rainbow, lake trout studied. 100 yr flood occurred, reducing kokanee survival.
1996 With NPCC, BPA, and USACE support, winter elevation of Lake Pend Oreille was raised 4' to 2055' elevation. Project began in October 1996. Kokanee population monitored by trawling and hydroacoustics.

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source)
Funding Source Related ID Related Project Title Relationship
BPA [no entry] Lake Pend Oreille Invasive Fish (new) This project examines the impacts of smallmouth and walleye in Lake Pend Oreille. We share personnel, office space, and some equipment.
BPA [no entry] Dynamics of Gravel Spawning Beds in Lake Pend Oreille, ID (new) Will work closely with project sponsors to select sites, and help with logistical support. Information will be very valuable to the understanding of how lake levels create spawning areas.
BPA [no entry] Pend Oreille Genetic Inventory (new) Project shares office space and occasionally manpower. They have a similar goal of enhancing fish populations in this drainage.
BPA 199500100 Kalispell Tribe Resident Fish Project They work on fishery recovery in Washington and are beginning to work in Idaho tributaries. Bull trout from Lake Pend Oreille move between states.
Other: Avista unknown Native Salmonid Restoration Project This project protects or enhances stream habitat for native fish species as mitigation for the Cabinet Gorge Dam. It also monitors bull trout redds and investigates their life history.

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
Bull trout restoration Restore bull trout so that they can support a harvestable surplus of 1,000 fish annually, by 2030. Intermountain Province Level Objective 1C5, Subbasin Objective 1C1, Strategy e- to research limiting factors of kokanee and bull trout, Strategy f- reduce threats to bull trout in Pend Oreille Subbasin by maintaining a strong forage base. 18-12
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation Preserve bull trout and cutthroat trout by reducing the abundance of non-native lake trout in Lake Pend Oreille to <4,000 fish over 52 cm, by 2017. Intermountain Subbasin Objective 1C3, strategy a. Strategy calls for netting lake trout, monitoring population, and evaluating additional methods. Objective 1C1, strategy f, call for maintaining bull trout forage base. 18-13
Evaluate hydropower effects By 2010, quantitatively evaluate impacts of hydropower facility construction and operation on water level fluctuations in Lake Pend Oreille. Intermountain Subbasin Objective 1A1, Strategy d- Follow Biological Opinion for Pend Oreille bull trout and lake levels. Strategy c- Assess effects of water level management on erosion and spawning gravel recruitment, quality, and quantity in Lake Pend Oreille. 18-7
Kokanee restoration By 2020, restore kokanee population so that harvest could increase to 750,000 fish annually. Intermountain Subbasin Objective 1C7, strategies a, b, c, and e. Monitor kokanee by trawling and acoustics and relate to lake level changes. Research factors that may influence lake productivity and take corrective actions. 18-14
Kokanee stocking Improve the stocking program for kokanee in Lake Pend Oreille so that it contributes 375,000 kokanee to the harvest annually, without having hatchery kokanee replace the wild stock within the lake. Intermountain Province Level Obj 1D. Subbasin Objective 1D2, strategy b,research hatchery kokanee stocking and impacts on wild and hatchery fish. 19-8
Predator/prey balancing By 2010, balance predator/prey ratios in Lake Pend Oreille to approximately 1:10. Intermountain Subbasin Objective 1C8, strategy a. Monitor predatory fish, primarily rainbow trout, recommend regulation changes, and develop methods for active predator reduction. 18-14
Shoreline Spawning Habitat Maintain 1.7 million square feet of shoreline gravel in Lake Pend Oreille throughout duration of subbasin plan. Intermountain Subbasin Objective 1B5, strategy a, b, c. Monitor shoreline spawning habitat and discuss findings with Corps and USFWS. 18-10

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
01: Produce Plan Assist USFWS with Long-term Lake Level Management Planning By Sept 2007, assist USFWS with developing a long-term lake level management plan to benefit kokanee and bull trout as specified in the Bi-Op 4/1/2007 10/1/2007 $15,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Evaluate hydropower effects
Kokanee restoration
Shoreline Spawning Habitat
No Metrics for this Work Element

02: Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Determine kokanee egg-to-fry survival in 2007 Conduct fry trawling and hydroacoustic surveys of lake to estimate kokanee fry populations, and obtain sample of otoliths to determine wild and hatchery fry. 7/1/2007 2/28/2008 $45,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Kokanee restoration
Primary R, M, and E Type: percent survival will be calculated
Primary R, M, and E Type: 30 fry trawls, 110 km of hydroacoustic survey

03: Analyze/Interpret Data Analyze kokanee fry survival in 2007 Egg-to-fry survival rate in 2007 will be added to previous data and statistically compared to lake levels, as the final year of the lake level test. 10/1/2007 2/28/2008 $20,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Kokanee restoration
Primary R, M, and E Type: Survival rates will be compared

04: Produce Inventory or Assessment Monitor Kokanee Population Monitor the kokanee population in Lake Pend Oreille using hydroacoustics as a cost-effective, less intensive approach to determine if lake level changes are continuing to provide adequate spawning habitat. 8/1/2008 2/28/2010 $105,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Kokanee restoration
Shoreline Spawning Habitat
Primary R, M, and E Type: fish densities will be recorded as fish/ha

05: Operate and Maintain Habitat/Passage Monitor Shoreline Spawning Habitat Task is to monitor the quality of shoreline spawning habitat for kokanee and relate to lake level changes recommended by the USFWS and implemented by the Corps of Engineers. Core samples will be taken by scuba divers in known spawning locations and screened to determine substrate composition. 7/1/2007 6/1/2010 $90,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
Kokanee restoration
Shoreline Spawning Habitat
No Metrics for this Work Element

06: Remove or Relocate Predaceous Animals Lake trout removal, by trap nets and gillnets. Investigate methods to reduce lake trout competition and predation. Hold public meetings to gain support. Set trap nets and gillnets to remove lake trout to reduce their abundance to less than 4,000 fish greater than 52 cm. Commercial fishermen will be subcontracted to assist in this effort. 3/1/2007 6/1/2010 $1,250,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
Predator/prey balancing
No Metrics for this Work Element

07: Remove or Relocate Predaceous Animals Lake level manipulation to impact lake trout spawning. Depth of lake trout spawning will be determined in Lake Pend Oreille. Changes to the fall drawdown of the lake will be proposed that impact lake trout spawning, if they can be found to not harm other species. 3/1/2007 2/28/2010 $180,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
No Metrics for this Work Element

08: Outreach and Education Public workshops. Task is to annually hold public workshops to update public on project activities and get their assistance in activities such as harvesting rainbow trout and lake trout. 6/1/2007 9/1/2009 $21,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
* # of general public reached: 300

09: Produce Inventory or Assessment Estimate rainbow trout using up-looking hydroacoustics Feasibility of up-looking hydroacoustics in Lake Pend Oreille will be tested in 2006. If workable, annual estimates of rainbow trout will be made by this technique. Results will be used to monitor management efforts to reduce rainbow trout and decide if further removal is needed. If method does not work, a traditional mark-recapture estimated is proposed for 2010. 8/1/2007 2/28/2010 $174,861
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Evaluate hydropower effects
Kokanee restoration
Predator/prey balancing
No Metrics for this Work Element

10: Produce Inventory or Assessment Model rainbow trout population. The rainbow trout population in Lake Pend Oreille will be modeled to explore different methods to reduce this population to balance with the kokanee prey base, and avoid kokanee extirpation, thus protecting the forage base for both bull trout and rainbow trout. If balance with prey is not achieved, rainbow trout will be managed to a lower level to allow kokanee to recover. 10/1/2007 2/28/2010 $164,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Kokanee restoration
Predator/prey balancing
Primary R, M, and E Type: Uncertainties research

11: Produce Inventory or Assessment Evaluate Predator Reduction Program. Work pertains to the evaluation of efforts to reduce lake trout and rainbow trout. Kokanee yield and annual mortality (the prey base for lake and rainbow trout) will be monitored. Mid-water trawling will be conducted to determine the percentage of each age class of kokanee in each lake section. These percentages will be multiplied by the hydroacoustic estimate of kokanee abundance in a previous work element. Mortality rates will be calculated as the number of kokanee that are lost between the previous year and the current year in each age class. Yield will be estimated by multiplying the mean weight of kokanee in each age class by the number that died each year, and compared to previous estimates. Results will be used to assess whether reduction efforts have been achieved, and plan future work. 6/1/2007 2/28/2010 $85,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Kokanee restoration
Predator/prey balancing
No Metrics for this Work Element

12: Produce Inventory or Assessment Hatchery Kokanee Survival Task researches a limiting factor of the kokanee population. High stocking of hatchery kokanee will be examined to determine the apparent cause of survival rates in both hatchery and wild kokanee. 8/1/2007 10/1/2009 $185,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Kokanee stocking
Primary R, M, and E Type: Action Effectiveness Research

13: Produce Annual Report Annual Progress Reports Produce an annual progress report each year. Report will be reviewed by two biologists, edited, and professionally typed. It will be in scientific format of Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and Literature Cited. 3/1/2007 2/28/2010 $51,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
Kokanee restoration
Kokanee stocking
Predator/prey balancing
Shoreline Spawning Habitat
No Metrics for this Work Element

14: Produce/Submit Scientific Findings Report Produce Manuscripts By 2010, produce 2-3 manuscripts for journal publication that covers important study findings. 6/1/2009 2/28/2010 $17,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
Evaluate hydropower effects
Kokanee restoration
Kokanee stocking
Predator/prey balancing
Shoreline Spawning Habitat
No Metrics for this Work Element

15: Manage and Administer Projects Oversee Project Activities This element is for activities to oversee the project including administrative overhead. These include activities such as annual performance evaluations of each employee, managing budgets, paying bills, schedule field activities, and hiring personnel. 3/1/2007 2/28/2010 $497,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
Kokanee restoration
Kokanee stocking
Predator/prey balancing
No Metrics for this Work Element

16: Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation NEPA compliance of project Tasks which involve bull trout will be discussed with BPA to assist them in producing an Environmental Compliance Report. 3/1/2007 2/28/2010 $60
Biological Objectives Metrics
Bull trout restoration
Bull trout/Cutthroat Preservation
Predator/prey balancing
No Metrics for this Work Element


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Personnel 5 FTE, 25 mo. temp time $249,012 $261,462 $374,535
Fringe Benefits Varies from 33-71% depending on position type $118,067 $123,971 $176,031
Supplies Field supplies, vehicles, utilities, office supplies, prof. meetings, training $90,916 $95,462 $254,373
Travel Lodging, per diem, air fare, misc. $7,224 $7,585 $7,964
Capital Equipment Storage Shed, Net barge, $20,000 $10,000 $ 0
Other Sub contracts for trap nets $305,000 $320,000 $ 0
Overhead Estimated at 20%, excluding Capital Eq. $154,043 $161,696 $162,580
Totals $944,262 $980,176 $975,483

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$2,899,921
Total Work Element budget$2,899,921

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status
Avista Trap netting support $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 Cash Under Review
Totals $100,000 $100,000 $100,000

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$970,000 $970,000 Inflationary increases not included.
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
O&M for lake trout removal, predator monitoring, shoreline spawning habitat monitoring, and predator/prey balancing. Lake trout removal would continue until 2017 and then be reexamined for level of control effort.
 
Termination Date Comments
2007-2017 Lake level experiment ends in 2007. Lake trout removal will continue until objective is met, but likely will take at least one generation, about 2017. Shoreline spawning habitat monitoring, rainbow trout management to requisite target levels, and kokanee assessment, should continue throughout the duration of the Biological Opinion (or 2017) at a reduced level.
 
Final Deliverables
Annual Reports and publications will be given to BPA. Recommendations on lake level management will be given to USFWS, BPA and Corps. Credit will be given to BPA in all presentations, reports and publications.

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
No changes were made to this proposal


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$944,262
FY 2008 Budget
$980,176
FY 2009 Budget
$975,483
Total NPCC Rec
$2,899,921
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Recommendation:Fund
Comments:


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$944,262
FY 2008 Budget
$980,176
FY 2009 Budget
$975,483
Total NPCC Rec
$2,899,921
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Comments:

Local or MSRT Comments: No change to proposed budget.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable
NPCC Comments: This is a well-written proposal for continuation of work that has been productive. With the exception of the kokanee stocking, which both the sponsors and the ISRP question, the work is appropriate. There are a lot of challenges in these large lake systems. They have published work, gained understanding, and moved on. Earlier, they looked at recruitment problems with a lake level experiment looking at gravel spawning. Now they feel they have good recruitment. The study now is looking primarily at predation. Rainbow and lake trout are significant predators.

The proposal provides a good background for both the lake level work for kokanee spawning and the additional proposed studies to balance kokanee with other species. The problems are generally well described insofar as they are understood. The probable depression of reproductive fitness of wild kokanee by interbreeding with hatchery kokanee is not discussed.

The rationale includes regional bull trout conservation efforts, subbasin plan, IDFG five-year plans, and the Fish and Wildlife Program. The conceptual framework presented is helpful. The section is beautifully organized -- refers to specific plan sections for each task.

The proposal cites relationships to other Pend Oreille projects and similar project at Upper Priest Lake. The discussion does not adequately (if at all) link to proposed project 2007-060-00 (Lake Pend Oreille Invasive Fish), which would seem to deal with a major influence on matters that 1994-047-00 is trying to address. The project history gives an excellent overview showing how a well-planned program can, in 10 years, gain significant insight into a very complex system that is exceptionally difficult to sample. Map and figures were appreciated.

Objectives are nicely described and mostly justified, with good hypothesis testing in a challenging situation. Specifically, objectives 1, 2, and 3 are appropriate biological objectives. Objective 5 is for information dissemination. Objective 4, concerning kokanee stocking is the least justified and might be omitted. Research results of this project indicate that stocking hatchery-produced kokanee depresses egg-to-fry survival of wild kokanee (supposedly by stimulating excessive predation). The project should monitor possible increase of wild kokanee after the stocking program ceases and as efforts are continued to reduce rainbow trout, the main predator on kokanee (and to reduce other non-native predators). It appears there are too many objectives, i.e., the sponsor is trying to manage and measure too many things. Eliminating the stocking program should simplify matters and halt a counterproductive influence on the fishery. Methods are generally well described.

The project provides annual workshops, good communications, and good reports with an excellent link. The bottom line, after some very sound work, is that they are still trying to show real benefit to kokanee, bull trout and rainbow. Success with kokanee spawning management has led to realization that the species mix needs fixing, especially non-native lake trout.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable
NPCC Comments: This is a well-written proposal for continuation of work that has been productive. With the exception of the kokanee stocking, which both the sponsors and the ISRP question, the work is appropriate. There are a lot of challenges in these large lake systems. They have published work, gained understanding, and moved on. Earlier, they looked at recruitment problems with a lake level experiment looking at gravel spawning. Now they feel they have good recruitment. The study now is looking primarily at predation. Rainbow and lake trout are significant predators.

The proposal provides a good background for both the lake level work for kokanee spawning and the additional proposed studies to balance kokanee with other species. The problems are generally well described insofar as they are understood. The probable depression of reproductive fitness of wild kokanee by interbreeding with hatchery kokanee is not discussed.

The rationale includes regional bull trout conservation efforts, subbasin plan, IDFG five-year plans, and the Fish and Wildlife Program. The conceptual framework presented is helpful. The section is beautifully organized -- refers to specific plan sections for each task.

The proposal cites relationships to other Pend Oreille projects and similar project at Upper Priest Lake. The discussion does not adequately (if at all) link to proposed project 2007-060-00 (Lake Pend Oreille Invasive Fish), which would seem to deal with a major influence on matters that 1994-047-00 is trying to address. The project history gives an excellent overview showing how a well-planned program can, in 10 years, gain significant insight into a very complex system that is exceptionally difficult to sample. Map and figures were appreciated.

Objectives are nicely described and mostly justified, with good hypothesis testing in a challenging situation. Specifically, objectives 1, 2, and 3 are appropriate biological objectives. Objective 5 is for information dissemination. Objective 4, concerning kokanee stocking is the least justified and might be omitted. Research results of this project indicate that stocking hatchery-produced kokanee depresses egg-to-fry survival of wild kokanee (supposedly by stimulating excessive predation). The project should monitor possible increase of wild kokanee after the stocking program ceases and as efforts are continued to reduce rainbow trout, the main predator on kokanee (and to reduce other non-native predators). It appears there are too many objectives, i.e., the sponsor is trying to manage and measure too many things. Eliminating the stocking program should simplify matters and halt a counterproductive influence on the fishery. Methods are generally well described.

The project provides annual workshops, good communications, and good reports with an excellent link. The bottom line, after some very sound work, is that they are still trying to show real benefit to kokanee, bull trout and rainbow. Success with kokanee spawning management has led to realization that the species mix needs fixing, especially non-native lake trout.

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