FY 2007 Solicitation Homepage

Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding

Proposal 199801006: Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
January 10, 2006 Finalized James Harbeck

Proposal Type: Ongoing
Proposal Number: 199801006
Proposal Name: Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation
BPA Project Manager: Kenneth Kirkman
Agency, Institution or Organization: Nez Perce Tribe
Short Description: Implements the captive broodstock project through the collection of juvenile salmon from the wild and maintaining them in captivity. The founding generation is spawned at maturity and the resulting F1 generation is released back to the parental stream.
Information Transfer: Project data are archived at the NPT Enterprise Field Office (Enterprise, OR), Bonneville Hatchery (ODFW), Manchester Marine Laboratory (NMFS), Lookingglass Hatchery (ODFW), ODFW Research (LaGrande, OR) and ODFW Fish Health (LaGrande and Corvallis,OR). In addition, a captive broodstock database was developed and is currently in use by project co-managers.These data are now used to evaluate multiple parameters related to in-hatchery performance of different captive broodstock rearing strategies and to evaluate the post release performance of the captive bood progeny as compared to wild performance. Upon completion, the project will provide a thorough assessment of captive broodstock technology and its utility as a tool for salmon restoration.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
James Harbeck Nez Perce Tribe 612 SW 2nd St.
Enterprise OR 97828
Ph: 541.426.3198
Fax: 541.426.2096
Email: jimh@nezperce.org
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts
James Harbeck Nez Perce Tribe 612 SW 2nd St.
Enterprise OR 97828
Ph: 541.426.3198
Fax: 541.426.2096
Email: jimh@nezperce.org
Form Submitter
Arleen Henry Nez Perce Tribe PO Box 365
Lapwai, ID 83540
Ph: 208-843-7317
Fax: 208-843-7319
Email: arleenh@nezperce.org
Administrative Contact
NPT Finance Department accountant
Jay Hesse Nez Perce Tribe PO Box 365
Lapwai, ID, 83540
Ph: 208.843.7145
Fax: 208.843.9184
Email: jayh@nezperce.org
Supervisor
Dave B. Johnson Nez Perce Tribe P.O. Box 365
Lapwai ID 83540
Ph: 208.843.7320
Fax: 208.843.7322
Email: davej@nezperce.org
Contract Manager
NPT Fisheries Program Manager

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Blue Mountain ARG Province: No Change
Sponsor Subbasin: Grande Ronde ARG Subbasin: No Change
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
45 25 12.77 N 117 16 45.09 W NPT Enterprise Field Office Wallowa, Oregon Grande Ronde No
45 43 55.74 N 117 51 48.51 W Lookingglass Fish Hatchery Union, Oregon Grande Ronde No
45 37 58.96 N 121 57 14.45 W Bonneville Fish Hatchery Multnomah, Oregon Columbia Gorge No
47 30 25 N 122 50 30 W Manchester Research Station Kitsap, Washington None Selected No
45 41 21 N 121 46 39.41 W Oxbow Hatchery Hood River, Oregon Columbia Gorge No
45 54 33 N 119 32 38.86 W Irrigon Hatchery Morrow, Oregon Columbia Upper Middle No
45 27 30 N 117 17 36W Wallowa Fish Hatchery Wallowa, Oregon Grande Ronde No
45 11+/- N 117 49+/- W Catherine Creek Catherine Creek Union, Oregon Grande Ronde Yes
45 29+/- N 117 25+/- W Lostine River Lostine River Wallowa, Oregon Grande Ronde Yes
45 16+/- N 177 25+/- W Upper Grande Ronde Upper Grande Ronde Union, Oregon Grande Ronde Yes

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
Chinook Snake River Spring/Summer ESU

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project
Fiscal Year Accomplishments
2005 Collected 300 wild parr, spawned 459 captive adults (143 females), cryopreserved semen from 38 males. Thawed and utilized cryopreserved semen from 0 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process. Prepared reports.
2004 Collected 500 wild parr, spawned 417 captive adults (134 females), cryopreserved semen from 165 males. Thawed and utilized cryopreserved semen from 89 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process. Prepared reports.
2003 Collected 500 wild parr, spawned 609 captive adults (291 females), cryopreserved semen from 50 males. Thawed and utilized cryopreserved semen from 31 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process. Prepared reports.
2002 Collected 500 wild parr, spawned 675 captive adults (328 females), cryopreserved semen from 7 males. Thawed and utilized cryopreserved semen from 31 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process. Prepared reports.
2001 Collected 503 wild parr, spawned 1,048 captive adults (454 females), cryopreserved semen from 13 males. Thawed and utilized cryopreserved semen from 50 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process. Prepared reports.
2000 Collected 500 wild parr, spawned 1,037 captive adults (458 females), cryopreserved semen from 9 males. Thawed and utilized cryopreserved semen from 57 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process. Prepared reports.
1999 Collected 498 wild parr, spawned 665 captive adults (307females), cryopreserved semen from 207 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process. Inventoried cryopreserved collections at Frontier Genetics. Prepared report
1998 Acquired funding for NPT participation in the captive broodstock program. Collected 501 wild parr, spawned 317 captive adults (122 females), cryopreserved semen from 108 males. Collected and analyzed data from each step of the captive broodstock process.

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source)
Funding Source Related ID Related Project Title Relationship
Other: USFWS [no entry] Lower Snake River Compensation Plan This project is dependent upon the LSRCP for F1 parr-to-smolt rearing and marking at Lookingglass Hatchery
BPA 198805301 Ne Or Hatchery Master Plan - N This project will be integrated with the activities of Project 198805301. NEOH will provide a coordinated umbrella to all supplementation projects in northeast Oregon.
BPA 199202604 Life Studies of Spring Chinook This project is dependent upon on Project 199202604 for smolt trapping assistance on the Lostine River. Project 199202604 also provides survival and performance information of natural fish for comparartive purposes.
BPA 199305600 Demonstration of Captive Salmo This project is depndent upon Project 199305600 for NMFS assessment of captive broodstock technology.
BPA 199606700 Manchester Captive Broodstock O&M This project is dependent upon on Project 199606700 to rear captives from smolt-to-adult at Manchester Research Station.
BPA 199703800 Listed Stock Chinook Salmon Ga Depends on project 199703800 for the use of the regional gene repository located at the University of Idaho.
BPA 199800702 Gd Ronde Supp Lostine O&M/M&E This project is integrated with the activities of project 199800702. The Lostine M&E component monitors conventional production.
BPA 199801001 Grande Ronde Basin Spring Chinook Captive Broodstock Program This project is dependent upon on Project 199801001 to rear captives from smolt-to-adult at Bonneville Fish Hatchery and to provide an adult spawning facility.

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
Coordinated captive broodstock project and process Although not a biological objective, it is imperative that proactive planning occur for the successful implementation of the captive broodstock program. The Nez Perce Tribe participated in the Conservation Planning Oversight Team (CONSPOT) and Integrated Team (IT) planning process with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the development of the Grande Ronde Basin captive broodstock plan. The Tribe assisted with the development of the Section 10 permit application under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The project leader participates in the Technical Oversight Team (TOT) meetings and Annual Operation Plan (AOP) meetings. As a salmon manager, the Tribe will continue to coordinate with ODFW and CTUIR in the assessment of this experimental captive broodstock program. The Tribe believes that close coordination in the monitoring and evaluation of this captive broodstock project should lead us to an understanding of the effectiveness of this approach in threatened and endangered species preservation and recovery under the ESA. Grande Ronde 8A - Conduct coordinated spring Chinook salmon population as outlined in the Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for the Northeast Oregon Hatchery. Supplement 31
Monitor and evaluate the captive broodstock The captive broodstock plan proposes to monitor the chinook salmon captive broodstock throughout all phases of their life cycle. Juvenile data collected at LFH allows comparisons of stocks and treatment groups reared under different growth profiles. Tribal evaluation staff coordinate closely with ODFW and CTUIR in the ongoing evaluation of natural chinook reared at LFH During the smoltification process, chinook at LFH are transported to either the BOH (freshwater rearing) or to the MML (saltwater rearing). Evaluation of captive brood post-smolts occurs for the groups reared in freshwater and saltwater rearing strategies until the fish mature at age II (precocial males), III, IV or V. Evaluation of fish during post-smolt growth periods is minimized to avoid disturbances to the captive brood fish. Assistance is provided and closely coordinated with ODFW and CTUIR for growth information, VI tagging, analysis of mortalities, spawning of fish, collection of information from spawned adults and collection of cryopreservation samples. Grande Ronde 2A - By fifth code HUC, carry out focused activities designed to improve our understanding and definition of small populations, while protecting the genetic integrety of wild populations that are below historical levels. Supplement 31
Monitor and evaluate the the F1 generation The purpose of the captive broodstock program is to provide an F1 generation for release back into their parental stream of origin. In-hatchery monitoring of the F1 juveniles reared at Lookingglass Hatchery allows for a measure of comparison among treatment groups and across years. Therefore data collected during the rearing process assists in the proper evaluation of the captive brood product used in supplementation. After release, monitoring of the marked juveniles continues. Their post release performance is compared against the standards set by the wild fish. Wild smolt performance data is available through a concurrent ODFW smolt monitoring project on the Lostine River. An FS 1001 PIT tag monitoring system operates at the Lostine River Acclimation Facility to aid in evaluation efforts. Software designed with time-stamp capabilities makes this system particularly appealing for volitional release applications. Action codes for each raceway combined with fish movement data according to day and hour allow for proper analysis of rearing and acclimation strategies. Calculating the number of fish remaining after the volitional period is possible without the handling stress of a mark and recapture estimate. Because of the time-stamp feature, accurate migration timing through the hydrosystem is also possible for each fish from a volitional release. Negative travel times are no longer be recorded. Once in river, smolt survival is determined with Program SURPH.2. The model is a statistical survival analysis package used in fish and wildlife tagging studies. It was designed to analyze release-recapture data for survival estimates (Skalski et al. 1994). For the purpose of this study, SURPH methodology is combined with PIT-tag technology to help quantify survival relationships through the Columbia River Basin. Wild and/or hatchery juveniles from the Lostine River are PIT-tagged, released and potentially detected at multiple dams as they migrate to the ocean. PIT-tag interrogation data is retrieved from the PTAGIS database and processed for SURPH through the program called CAPHIST. CAPHIST was designed by the University of Washington to arrange “comma separated values” (CSV) lists obtained from PTAGIS into SURPH data files. The result is the collection of capture data that can be analyzed to estimate survival and covariates that might influence survival (Skalski et al. 1994). An adult chinook salmon fish weir and trap are planned for operation in the Lostine River in 2001 as part of a separate project to trap and spawn adults and develop a conventional hatchery smolt production program. Information collected from this facility will assist in developing baseline information on the abundance and biological characteristics of wild adult salmon into the Lostine River for comparison with progeny of captive brood parents. Captive brood progeny are marked differently than smolts from the conventional program. Thus returning adults from the wild, captive and conventional programs can be differentiated and properly evaluated Adults from the F1 generation are expected to return beginning in the year 2001. Smolt-to-adult returns (SARs) are determined using weir counts. Nez Perce staff will install and operate the Lostine River weir and trap for data collection on adult salmon. Information on adult size and age composition of the run will also be obtained from salmon carcasses collected on the spawning grounds in a cooperative effort with ODFW. Grande Ronde 1A - Achieve escapement objectives within 24 years. 2B - Increase anadromous fish productivity and production, as well as life stage-specific survival, through artificial production. 8A - Conduct coordinated spring Chinook monitoring... Supplement 31
Technology Transfer Communication of results is essential for practical adaptive management in the Grand Ronde basin. Information shared between stakeholders regarding the captive broodstock process increases our collective knowledge of supplementation. That knowledge will lead us to effective salmon management in the Lostine River and other salmon streams. Grande Ronde None NA

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Environmental Compliance Acquire necessary permits and authorizations to implement the project 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $3,091
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Hatchery Fish Spawn captive broodstock adults Spawn captive broodstock adults reared at Bonneville Hatchery and at the Manchester Research Station. 8/29/2007 12/31/2009 $30,909
Biological Objectives Metrics
Monitor and evaluate the the F1 generation
No Metrics for this Work Element

Coordination Coordinate the Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation Coordinate the Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation project with ODFW, CTUIR and NMFS management agencies in the Grande Ronde Basin. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $43,273
Biological Objectives Metrics
Coordinated captive broodstock project and process
No Metrics for this Work Element

Manage and Administer Projects General Contract/Project Management Prepare a Statement of Work for contract year 2007 that identifies research objectives and tasks. Identify and outline methods to abide by tribal policies and procedures as required for project operational, safety, personnel, finance, and administrative actions. The first draft will be available for technical review beginning 15 September, 2006, and will be submitted to BPA by 1 October, 2006. Also prepare a budget for contracts, and providing BPA with budget accruals and invoicing estimates as requested. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $30,909
Biological Objectives Metrics
Coordinated captive broodstock project and process
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Annual Report Annual Report Prepare a cooperative annual report that documents Captive Broodstock research activities and results supported by the ODFW, NPT, CTUIR, and NMFS. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $17,008
Biological Objectives Metrics
Technology Transfer
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Status Report Quarterly Reports Produce four quarterly PISCES startus reports per year 4/1/2007 12/31/2009 $12,364
Biological Objectives Metrics
Technology Transfer
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce/Submit Scientific Findings Report Scientific journal article Prepare a joint article for publication regarding the tumors discovered in the captive broodstock and the natural population of several Grande Ronde streams. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $12,364
Biological Objectives Metrics
Technology Transfer
No Metrics for this Work Element

Analyze/Interpret Data Data Results Analyze data and organize results into briefing papers, tables and figures for use in technical and management forums (e.g. internal NPT meetings, AOP meetings, LSRCP symposiums, ISRP requests and presentations, U.S. vs Oregon, etc.). 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $77,272
Biological Objectives Metrics
Technology Transfer
Primary R, M, and E Type: spring Chinook

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Monitor & evaluate captive broodstock parr at Wallowa Fish Hatchery Monitor and evaluate captive broodstock parr at Wallowa Fish Hatchery (WFH) with ODFW and CTUIR. 8/15/2007 12/31/2009 $15,455
Biological Objectives Metrics
Monitor and evaluate the captive broodstock
No Metrics for this Work Element

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Monitor adult Chinook salmon on Lostine River Monitor the abundance and timing of migration of adult Chinook salmon into the Lostine River. 5/10/2007 12/31/2009 $15,455
Biological Objectives Metrics
Monitor and evaluate the the F1 generation
No Metrics for this Work Element

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Monitor and evaluate captive broodstock post smolts Monitor and evaluate captive broodstock post smolts reared at Bonneville Hatchery and at the Manchester Research Station Collection of data from the captive brood post-smolts will occur for the groups reared in freshwater and saltwater rearing strategies until the fish mature at age II (precocial males), III, IV or V. NPT will participate with ODFW and CTUIR in the analysis of growth, mortalities, and maturity status of post smolt captive broodstock. 4/4/2007 12/16/2009 $58,727
Biological Objectives Metrics
Monitor and evaluate the captive broodstock
No Metrics for this Work Element

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Monitor and evaluate the F1 generation offspring [Work Element Description Not Entered] 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $43,272
Biological Objectives Metrics
Monitor and evaluate the the F1 generation
No Metrics for this Work Element

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Redd counts and carcass surveys on the Lostine and Minam rivers Conduct redd counts and carcass surveys on the Lostine River and all reference study streams. Record redd locations and document the number of live fish and their origin (hatchery or natural) during each survey. Pertinent biological information (length, sex, DNA, retained eggs, marks/tags) will be collected from all Chinook salmon carcasses encountered as well as scales for ageing. Snouts from AD clipped fish will be collected for CWT analysis. 8/22/2007 12/31/2009 $55,636
Biological Objectives Metrics
Monitor and evaluate the the F1 generation
No Metrics for this Work Element

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Tissue samples for DNA analysis Collect tissue samples for DNA analysis from all adult Chinook salmon released to spawn naturally upstream of escapement weirs, unpunched carcasses above the weir and from juveniles at the Lostine screw trap. DNA samples will be used for genetic stock structure analysis and compare natural and hatchery genetic traits. A DNA pedigree analysis will also be conducted to determine relative reproductive success. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $15,455
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Create/Manage/Maintain Database Database Management Assist in computer database management of all monitoring information collected on Chinook captive broodstock at WFH, MRS, and BOH. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $12,363
Biological Objectives Metrics
Technology Transfer
No Metrics for this Work Element

Mark/Tag Animals Pit tag 300 captive broodstock NPT staff will insert Passive Integrated Transponders (PIT) into 300 newly captured captive broodstock at Wallowa Fish Hatchery. 2/14/2007 12/31/2009 $6,182
Biological Objectives Metrics
Coordinated captive broodstock project and process
No Metrics for this Work Element

Mark/Tag Animals Pit tag captive F1 generation NPT staff will insert Passive Integrated Transponders (PIT) tags into a representative group of captive F1 generation parr at Lookingglass Fish Hatchery. 3/1/2007 12/31/2009 $95,694
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Mark/Tag Animals Visual Implant tags - 300 captive broodstock NPT staff will insert Visual Implant tags (VI) into 300 newly captured captive broodstock at Bonneville Fish Hatchery and Manchester Research Station.VI tagging the captive broodstock allows for the accurate tracking of individual fish throughout its life in captivity and serves as a back-up to PIT tagging. 7/12/2007 12/31/2009 $15,454
Biological Objectives Metrics
Monitor and evaluate the captive broodstock
No Metrics for this Work Element

Submit/Acquire Data Central captive brood database Transfer cryopreservation and other M&E data collected during captive spawning to the central captive brood database to facilitate the use of information by all co-managers. 10/17/2007 12/31/2009 $3,091
Biological Objectives Metrics
Technology Transfer
No Metrics for this Work Element


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Personnel [blank] $80,981 $83,410 $85,913
Fringe Benefits [blank] $31,013 $31,943 $32,902
Travel [blank] $13,695 $14,106 $14,529
Supplies [blank] $2,790 $2,874 $2,960
Overhead Indirect & office support $40,832 $42,057 $43,319
Capital Equipment PIT tags $10,300 $10,300 $10,300
Other Genetic Subcontract $3,250 $3,250 $3,250
Totals $182,861 $187,940 $193,173

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$563,974
Total Work Element budget$563,974

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status
NRAC Intern $6,920 $6,920 $6,920 Cash Under Review
Totals $6,920 $6,920 $6,920

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$175,000 $165,000 Decreasing budgets as last of the captive cohorts are reared through the process
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
This is primarily a research project. Therefore, any maintenance costs are limited to field and office equipment replacement or repair.
 
Termination Date Comments
2014(tentative) Captive broodstock fish are reared from collection as parr through maturation, spawned and their progeny reared to the smolt stage and released into the stream from which their parents were collected. These progeny return and spawn naturally in the natal stream of their parents. Their offspring complete lives entirely in the natural natural environment. This cycle typically requires 1-5 years of captive rearing to reach maturity and spawn, 1.5 years of F1 juvenile rearing to smolt and release, 1-3 years for F1 adult returns, and 1.5 years for natural F2 smolt production, and 1-3 years for F2 adult returns. Hence, to completely evaluate a cycle of three generations requires up to 14 years. The program also has an experimental component, the design of which requires a minimum of five cycles, thus requiring 19 years for completion. The program begain in 1995 and will tentatively conclude in 2014.
 
Final Deliverables
Final project report authored by co-managers with findings and conclusions regarding captive broodstock technology and its ability to conserve and restore listed Chinook salmon populations. Collected, analyzed and archived captive broodstock data available to region. A variety of journal publications about aspects of captive broodstock technology.

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
No changes were made to this proposal


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$175,718
FY 2008 Budget
$175,718
FY 2009 Budget
$175,718
Total NPCC Rec
$527,154
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Recommendation:Fund
Comments: ISRP fundable in part (qualified). No additional parr collection, as per ISRP recommendation, and to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment Budget reduction reflects the removal of the work element task titled - Collect 300 Naturally Produced Chinook Salmon Parr / cohort / stock. Other budget reductions not specific. Project to be implemented as proposed with reduced scope, other than what is specified.


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$175,718
FY 2008 Budget
$175,718
FY 2009 Budget
$175,718
Total NPCC Rec
$527,154
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Comments:
NPCC Staff Comments: ISRP fundable in part (qualified). No additional parr collection as per ISRP recommendation.

Local or MSRT Comments: OSPIT recommends holding the budget to the FY06 level and flatlining for FY08 and 09.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable in part (Qualified)
NPCC Comments: Fundable in Part to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment. Along with 199801001, the project has already continued to collect parr beyond the time frame that was initially envisioned. Additional parr collections do not seem justified. This project should be limited to raising the parr they now have collected, and completing the envisioned experiment.

Qualification is that the design of the analysis be capable of quantifying the demographic effect of natural spawning by captive propagated and supplementation adults on natural production in the next generation.

Proposal 199801006 is a component, along with 199801001, of a captive propagation project for spring Chinook in the Grande Ronde subbasin. 199801006 is involved with monitoring the natural parr that are collected and then reared at hatcheries/facilities maintained by Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and NOAA Fisheries. Sponsors of 199801001 operate acclimation facilities on Catherine Creek, Lostine River, and the upper Grande Ronde.

In the preliminary review the ISRP requested a response that clarified the tasks performed by the sponsor under this proposal, and the tasks performed by other co-managers.

The authors’ response clearly laid out the various organizations involved and summarized them nicely in Table 1. 2006 Field Activities Schedule and Table 2. 2006 Technical Oversight Team Meeting Schedule. They also explained the split in M&E activities at Bonneville and at Manchester. The ISRP thanks the sponsor for succinctly providing this information.

The ISRP also requested a summary of the data on returning adult hatchery progeny of the captive reared parents collected as natural parr. The sponsors provided this information for the Lostine River site. The authors’ response was good in one sense – that it gave substantial details about the adult return data. In the Lostine River there has been an increase in the numbers of returning adults of all types: natural, captive propagation, and supplementation.

From this brief summary it is not possible to attribute the increase in natural adults (the ultimate goal of both the captive propagation and supplementation) to either artificial production program. The ISRP urges that the analysis of data be designed to rigorously evaluate the contribution of artificial production to natural production in the next generation. There is a need to develop information on the parentage of the "naturally produced returning adults." Were they the product of wild x wild, wild x hatchery (and which type), or hatchery x hatchery (and which type) matings in the wild? The DNA pedigree analysis should provide the way to determine that, but it not clear what is to really be done. Because that information is the key to determining the real level of success of the supplementation experiment underway, that methodology could/should be explained in detail.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Response requested
NPCC Comments: This project is a subcomponent of 199801001. The proposal is not clearly written because it is hard to determine what is being done by 199801006 and 19801001. A response is requested that clarifies the tasks performed by each of these projects. Further, on page 17 of the narrative sub-objective 2.2, Monitor and evaluate captive broodstock post smolts reared at Bonneville Hatchery and Manchester Research Station; it is not clear whether this task is performed by NPT, ODFW, or NOAA Fisheries, this should be identified in a response.

The project summary includes work done by this project and others – it is hard to tell who did what. No results are presented on adult returns, which are the penultimate goal, the ultimate goal being naturally-produced smolts from the spawning of adults produced by the captive reared parents. Since at least some data was presented by 1998010001, some should have been presented here. The ISRP wishes to communicate to the project sponsors that the results of fish culture efforts alone are not sufficient reporting, also needed are the results following release to the natural environment.

The high proportions of fish in the Grande Ronde River that originated from the captive program provide a compelling argument for this type of program. However, the genetic consequences from reliance on captive broodstock or supplementation remains unknown. Consequently, any near-term demographic benefit is likely to persist only during the duration of the management intervention. Long-term, deleterious genetic affects likely occur that could outweigh the near-term demographic benefit. Adverse effects from this and other artificial production on other species, such as bull trout, are not considered, but could be significant.

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