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Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding

Proposal 199800300: Spokane Tribe Wildlife Mitigation Operations & Maintenance

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
January 10, 2006 Finalized Kelly Singer

Proposal Type: Ongoing
Proposal Number: 199800300
Proposal Name: Spokane Tribe Wildlife Mitigation Operations & Maintenance
BPA Project Manager: Sabrina Keen
Agency, Institution or Organization: Spokane Tribe
Short Description: Proposal will be for continued Wildlife Mitigation O&M and enhancement for lands acquired as partial mitigation for Grand Coulee Dam wildlife losses. Project will focus on the management of existing and/or new lands acquired during the project period.
Information Transfer: Project data will be available electronically and online in Pisces.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
Kelly Singer Spokane Tribe of Indians P.O. Box 100
Wellpinit WA 99040
Ph: 509.258.7055
Fax: 509.258.9600
Email: kellys@spokanetribe.com
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts
Kelly Singer Spokane Tribe of Indians P.O. Box 100
Wellpinit WA 99040
Ph: 509.258.7055
Fax: 509.258.9600
Email: kellys@spokanetribe.com
Form Submitter
Project Lead

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Intermountain ARG Province: No Change
Sponsor Subbasin: Spokane ARG Subbasin: No Change
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
Spokane Indian Reservation Stevens, Washington Columbia Upper No
Spokane Indian Reservation Stevens, Washington Spokane Yes

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
All Wildlife
Species identified in the loss assessment for Grand Coulee Dam include sharp-tailed grouse, ruffed grouse, mule deer, white-tailed deer, mourning dove, and riparian forest habitat.

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project
Fiscal Year Accomplishments
2005 12,650' of new fence (People, Parson E.), maintain over 10,000' of fence, installed 1320' of electric fence on People, 1360' of stream channel restoration (Kenworthy, Harris), 5 miles of access mowed, 16,540 trees & shrubs planted, Lantzy W. clean-up, M&E
2004 Noxious weed control on >80 acres, seeded 36 acres of native grass (Etue, Harris, Smith), 4580 trees & shrubs planted Etue, Harris, Smith), 5280' of new fence (Smith & People), 6600' of People fence removal, and M&E surveys.
2003 People stream channel restoration (1000'), 100 acres of weed control (summer fallow, farm lease, trimming), 3200 trees & shrubs planted (Harris, Etue), 2760' of new fence, 10,000' of maintenance, began shop construction, and conducted M&E surveys.
2002 FY02 accomplishments included in FY03, due to contract and reporting period.
2001 2350' of new fence (Smith, Kenworthy), 30 acres of weed control, 2925 trees & shrubs planted w/approx. 11% survival (Kenworthy, Etue), 30 acre burn on People, M&E for small mammal, big game, ruffed grouse, & birds, & sharp-tailed grouse habitat surveys.
2000 4100 trees and shrubs planted (Kenworthy, A401-A, Kieffer), 2 miles of new fence (Smith, Kenworthy, Etue), and noxious weed control on 20 acres (People, Harris, Etue).
1999 Seeded 25 acres of native grass, 4.5 miles of new fence (Harris, Kieffer, Etue, A401-A), thistle control on 12 acres (People, Harris, Kenworthy), brushpile construction (A401-A), and Smith debris removal.
1998 Conducted HEP surveys on 1863.5 acres, HEP Report, and initial Site Specific Management Plan.

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source)
Funding Source Related ID Related Project Title Relationship
BPA 199106200 Blue Creek Winter Range This project is the land acquisition portion of the Spokane Tribes Wildlife Mitigation Program for losses associated with the construction and inundation of Grand Coulee Dam.

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A10 Maintain wildlife values, HUs, for the life of the project on existing and newly acquired mitigation lands through adequate long-term Operation and Maintenance (O&M) funding. Intermountain Strategy a. 26-29
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A11 Evaluate effectiveness of mitigation by monitoring and evaluating species and habitat responses to mitigation actions. Intermountain Strategy a. 26-29
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A2 Protect, enhance, or restore mourning dove Habitat Units to address riparian and agricultural habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 26-28
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A3 Protect, enhance, or restore mule deer Habitat Units to address shrub-steppe and river break habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 26-28
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A4 Protect, enhance, or restore riparian forest Habitat Units to address habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, strategy c, strategy d, and strategy f. 26-28
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A6 Protect, enhance, or restore ruffed grouse Habitat Units to address riparian/hardwood forest habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 26-29
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A8 Protect, enhance, or restore sharp-tailed grouse Habitat Units to address grassland, shrub-steppe, and riparian draw habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c 26-29
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A9 Protect, enhance, or restore white-tailed deer Habitat Units to address seral forest habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, strategy c, and strategy f. 26-29
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A1 Maintain bald eagle at or above present levels (2004) in the Spokane Subbasin. Intermountain Strategy a. 26-31
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A2 Increase sharp-tailed grouse populations within the Intermountain Province and associated subbasins to a minimum of 800 grouse by 2010; over the long-term, improve and maintain habitats necessary to support self-sustaining, persistent populations of grouse, estimated to consist of a mimimum of 2000 birds. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, strategy c, and strategy d. 26-31
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A2 Increase sharp-tailed grouse populations within the Intermountain Province and associated subbasins to a minimum of 800 grouse by 2010; over the long-term, improve and maintain habitats necessary to support self-sustaining, persistent populations of grouse, estimated to consist of a mimimum of 2000 birds. Intermountain Strategy a and strategy b. 34-28
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A3 Increase blue grouse populations by 20% within the Spokane Subbasin and adjacent subbasins by year 2010. Intermountain Strategy b, and strategy c. 26-32
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A4 Maintain or increase golden eagle populations at or above 2004 levels. Intermountain Strategy b. 26-32
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A5 Identify specific projects to protect, restore, and/or enhance populations of game species in the Subbasin reflecting federal, state, and Tribal management objectives (white-tailed deer, elk, moose). Intermountain Strategy a. 26-32
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A6 Maintain raptor populations at or above present levels (2004) in the Spokane Subbasin in accordance with federal, state, and Tribal management plans. Protect important raptor sites including active and alternative nest trees, preferred feeding sites, migratory corridors, wintering areas, perch and roost trees. Intermountain Strategy c. 26-32
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A7 Maintain or enhance populations of federal, state, local, and Tribal species of special concern, and other native and desirable nonnative wildlife species, within their present and/or historical ranges within the Spokane Subbasin in order to prevent future declines, and restore populations that have suffered declines. Intermountain Strategy b. 26-33
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2A8 Maintain or enhance neo-tropical migrant bird populations relative to current levels within suitable habitat and identify limiting factors for these populations within the Subbasin. Intermountain Strategy c, and strategy d. 26-33
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2B1 Complete mitigation requirements consistent with approved agreements in applicable federal licenses. Intermountain No specifice stategies identified. 26-35
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2B2 Identify, protect, maintain, restore, and enhance priority habitats (wetlands, riparian areas, upland forests, steppe and shrub-steppe, cliffs and rock outcrops (including caves and mines), in accordance with applicable agency, federal, state, local, and Tribal priority habitat designations), including their structural attributes, ecological functions, and distribution and connectivity across the landscape to optimize conditions required to increase overall wildlife productivity of desired species assemblages. Strategies may include land acquisition, conservation easements, management contracts, and/or partnerships with other landowners. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 26-35
Spokane Subbasin Objective 2B3 Increase the quantity and quality of mule deer habitats, particularly winter and spring habitats. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 26-35
Support Work Element No specific biological objective is being addressed, but the work element is require to support all project activities. Intermountain No specific strategy. N/A
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A2 Protect, enhance, or restore mourning dove Habitat Units to address riparian and agricultural habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 34-26
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A3 Protect, enhance, or restore mule deer Habitat Units to address shrub-steppe and river break habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 34-26
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A4 Protect, enhance, or restore riparian forest Habitat Units to address habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 34-26
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A6 Protect, enhance, or restore ruffed grouse Habitat Units to address riparian/hardwood forest habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 34-26
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A8 Protect, enhance, or restore sharp-tailed grouse Habitat Units to address grassland, shrub-steppe, and riparian draw habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 34-26
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A9 Protect, enhance, or restore white-tailed deer Habitat Units to address seral forest habitat losses resulting from the construction of the Grand Coulee Project. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, and strategy c. 34-26
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 2A1 Maintain bald eagle at or above present levels (2004) in the Upper Columbia Subbasin. Intermountain Strategy a. 34-28
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 2A3 Increase blue grouse populations by 20% within the Upper Columbia Subbasin and adjacent subbasins by year 2010. Intermountain Strategy b and strategy c. 34-29
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 2A4 Maintain or increase golden eagle populations at or above 2004 levels. Intermountain Strategy b. 34-29
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 2B1 Identify, protect, maintain, restore, and enhance priority habitats (wetlands, riparian areas, upland forests, steppe and shrub-steppe, cliffs and rock outcrops (including caves and mines), in accordance with applicable agency, federal, state, local, and Tribal priority habitat designations), including their structural attributes, ecological functions, and distribution and connectivity across the landscape to optimize conditions required to increase overall wildlife productivity of desired species assemblages. Strategies may include land acquisition, conservation easements, management contracts, and/or partnerships with other landowners. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, strategy c, strategy e, strategy f, and strategy h. 34-30
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 2B2 Increase the quantity and quality of mule deer habitats, particularly winter and spring habitats. Intermountain Strategy a, strategy b, strategy c, strategy d, strategy e, and strategy f. 34-31

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Verify that all Environmental Compliance (NEPA) is up to date for the O&M project. Make sure that all NEPA requirements of the Project are being fulfilled and up to date. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $17,736
Biological Objectives Metrics
Support Work Element
No Metrics for this Work Element

Conduct Controlled Burn Burn wildlife lands to meet management objectives. Conduct burns to maintain or enhance wildlife habitat (approximately 200 acres per year). Maybe conducted in either the spring or fall to best meet management objectives. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $22,171
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A10
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A2
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A3
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A8
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A9
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A2
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A3
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A8
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A9
No Metrics for this Work Element

Improve/Relocate Road Maintain access roads on WMA's. Maintain access roads on WMA's to prevent the spread of noxious weeds and to reduce the potential of wildfires. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $44,341
Biological Objectives Metrics
Support Work Element
* # of road miles improved, upgraded, or restored: 15 miles per year

Install Fence New fence installation. Install 4 miles of new fence on WMA's (specifications are 4-strands of 12 1/2 ga. wire, 6' metal t-post @ 12' spacing, 48" wire stays @ 12' spacing, and 5-6" treated wood brace posts with 9 ga. wire diagonal support and duckbill anchors. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $221,705
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A10
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A2
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A3
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A4
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A6
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A8
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A9
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A2
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A3
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A4
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A6
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A8
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A9
* # of miles of fence: 4 miles per year

Plant Vegetation Seed Abandoned Agricultural Land Seed abandoned agricultural land on WMA's to improve species composition and to reduce weed infestations. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $8,868
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A10
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A2
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A3
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A8
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A9
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A2
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A3
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A8
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A9
* # of acres of planted: 10 per year

Remove vegetation Remove and control vegetation from WMA's. Remove undesirable plant species through mechanical (hand-pulling, mowing, tillage), chemical (herbicides such as Roundup and 2,4-D), and/or biological (insect release) methods. A list of all herbicides can be found in the narrative section. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $177,364
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A10
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A2
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A3
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A4
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A6
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A8
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A9
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A2
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A3
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A4
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A6
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A8
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A9
* # of acres treated: 500 acres

Operate and Maintain Habitat/Passage Maintain existing WMA boundary fences. Check and repair 15 miles of WMA boundary fences. Boundary fences are needed to control livestock that are on open-range units that border mitigation lands. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $88,682
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A10
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A2
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A3
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A4
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A6
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A8
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A9
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A2
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A3
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A4
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A6
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A8
Upper Columbia Subbasin Objective 1A9
No Metrics for this Work Element

Operate and Maintain Habitat/Passage Operate, maintain, and improve McCoy Lake Watershed Field Shop Improve and maintain field shop and office. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $31,039
Biological Objectives Metrics
Support Work Element
No Metrics for this Work Element

Remove Debris Remove debris from newly acquired wildlife lands. Debris will be removed from wildlife lands (removal of 2 miles of interior fence per year) 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $53,208
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A10
No Metrics for this Work Element

Coordination General Project Coordination Activities include meetings, phone calls, and other communication tasks with funding agency, partners and cooperators. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $35,473
Biological Objectives Metrics
Support Work Element
No Metrics for this Work Element

Manage and Administer Projects General Administration of Project Project management includes preparing FY07-09 Statements of Works, June and September Accrual estimates, managing budgets and providing information to BPA as requested 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $106,419
Biological Objectives Metrics
Support Work Element
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Plan Update Site Specific Management Plan Update Site Specific Management Plan to include any new lands that are purchased through the Spokane Tribe Wildlife Mitigation Project (1991-06-200) 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $35,473
Biological Objectives Metrics
Support Work Element
No Metrics for this Work Element

Analyze/Interpret Data Analyze Wildlife Survey Data Analysis of Wildlife Survey Data for all FY07-09 surveys. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $8,868
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A11
Primary R, M, and E Type: Ruffed grouse counts, Bird Counts, Big game counts

Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data Wildlife Monitoring and Evaluation Collect and validate field data for the following wildlife surveys: Ruffed Grouse Drum Counts, Bird Point Counts, Small Mammal Trapping, and Big Game Counts. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $26,605
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A11
Primary R, M, and E Type: Action Effectiveness Research

Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results Wildlife Monitoring Report Use Wildlife Monitoring and Evaluation data from wildlife surveys to complete yearly report. 10/1/2006 9/30/2009 $8,868
Biological Objectives Metrics
Spokane Subbasin Objective 1A11
No Metrics for this Work Element


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Personnel Project Manager 3/4 FTE; Wildlife Biologist 3/4 FTE; Wildlife Field Biologist 9/10 FTE; Wildlife Tech II 4/5 FTE; Wildlife Tech II (seasonal) 2/3 FTE; Wildlife Tech I (temporary) 1/4 FTE. FY08 & FY09 will have 3% increase. $141,156 $145,390 $149,752
Fringe Benefits Rate is 16% of Salaries; Medical & Dental is $325/employee month; 3% increase for FY08 and FY09 $37,074 $38,186 $39,332
Supplies Includes fencing supplies, cattle guards, herbicide, general field materials, office and shop supplies. $25,818 $26,593 $27,373
Travel [blank] $1,500 $1,550 $1,600
Other Vehicle/Equipment Maintenance $12,500 $12,875 $13,250
Other Building Improvement $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Other Utilities $3,000 $3,100 $3,250
Other Insurance $3,250 $3,350 $3,450
Other Vehicle Lease $17,250 $17,250 $17,250
Other Equipment Rental $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Other Non-capital Equipment $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Overhead Indirect rate is 17.6% on all items, except for Capital Equipment (>$5,000) $43,040 $44,228 $45,453
Totals $287,588 $295,522 $303,710

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$886,820
Total Work Element budget$886,820

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$305,000 $310,000 Project funding will begin to level off.
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
Outyear O&M costs will be fairly high with the recent acquisition of wildlife lands, but the funding will begin to be less with the completion of land acquisition through the Spokane Tribe Wildlife Mitigation Project. As major O&M activities are completed such as large fencing and weed control projects. Less funding will be needed to maintain boundary fences and weed control.
 
Termination Date Comments
N/A
 
Final Deliverables

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
No changes were made to this proposal


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$287,588
FY 2008 Budget
$295,522
FY 2009 Budget
$303,710
Total NPCC Rec
$886,820
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Recommendation:Fund
Comments: Interim funding pending wildlife o&m review.


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$287,588
FY 2008 Budget
$295,522
FY 2009 Budget
$303,710
Total NPCC Rec
$886,820
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Comments:

Local or MSRT Comments: No change to proposed budget.


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Fundable
NPCC Comments: The response demonstrates movement toward improved reporting of results. It makes clear that relevant data are available and provides some tables of data. However, it does little to summarize, synthesize, and interpret information relative to project objectives. The response notes that M&E activities only began in 2001, that major enhancement activities have only begun in the last few years, that not enough information is available yet, and that more time may be necessary to see a quantifiable responses for some species. Nevertheless, the baseline data should be reported in a synthesized form that is relevant to project objectives, management techniques, and restoration design, describing its anticipated use and the current state of biological resources that the data describe.

The response also raised some concerns that the ISRP wants to highlight for consideration by the project proponents: Reviewers were concerned that the response suggested the project might cease to collect relevant data on big game and upland game birds, which are target species for the project. This would seem to be a poor decision, perhaps leaving point counts of birds as the only source of data for evaluation of the project.

Also, reviewers were not convinced that Varmitgetter was a good choice for reducing mortality of plantings. The video on the website that was referenced in the response suggests that the blowing up of burrows by Varmitgetter entails significant disturbance above and around the burrows of the gophers it is intended to kill. In addition, Varmitgetter is listed on the website as costing $1295. Gopher kill-traps are far cheaper, and they kill gophers without disturbing the overlying or surrounding ground (in which the plants intended to be benefited are rooted). Plus, don't other gophers continue to immigrate into planted areas and build new burrows and graze on plants, even when Varmitgetter is used?


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Response requested
NPCC Comments: This proposal provides the needed information to justify most sections, with procedures for wildlife monitoring (i.e., what is done and when) described well. The description of past monitoring and data collection activities is thorough. However, with five years of data collection completed, the proposal should report the results: summary of analyses, evaluation of results, and the management implications stemming from the data analysis. To justify continued funding, these results of monitoring and evaluation and their applications should be provided in a response.

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