FY 2007 Solicitation Homepage

Project Proposal Request for FY 2007 - FY 2009 Funding

Proposal 200736700: Klickitat and Rock Creek Subbasin Habitat Improvement Program

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Table of Contents
Part 1. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative
Section 2: Project Location
Section 3: Project Species
Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Section 5: Relationship to Other Projects
Section 6: Biological Objectives
Section 7: Work Elements
Section 8: Budget
Section 9: Project Future
Section 10: Documents
Part 2. Reviews
Part 1 of 2. Administration and Budgeting
Section 1: General Administrative Information
Process Information:
Date Proposal Submitted & Finalized Status Form Generator
January 10, 2006 Finalized David McClure

Proposal Type: New
Proposal Number: 200736700
Proposal Name: Klickitat and Rock Creek Subbasin Habitat Improvement Program
Agency, Institution or Organization: Klickitat County
Short Description: The proposal funds a program that encompasses areas within Klickitat County that are addressed in the Klickitat and Lower Middle Columbia Subbasin Plans. The program will address key habitat issues throughout the area.
Information Transfer: All data collected under this program will be publically availalbe. Metadata will be provided with all data. Reports will be available in .pdf format. Transfer of reports and data will be digital (available on the web or on disk). Limited copies of reports (25 each) will be available for distribution.
 
Project Proposal Contacts
Contact Organization Address Phone/Email Roles Notes
Form Submitter
David McClure Klickitat County 228 West Main Street, MS-CH-17
Goldendale, WA 98620
Ph: 509-773-2481
Fax: 509-773-6206
Email: davem@co.klickitat.wa.us
Form Submitter
All Assigned Contacts

Section 2: Project Location
Sponsor Province: Columbia Gorge ARG Province: No Change
Sponsor Subbasin: Klickitat ARG Subbasin: No Change
Location(s) at which the action will be implemented
Latitude Longitude Waterbody Location Description County/State Subbasin Primary?
Klickitat subbasin downstream of Yakama Indian Reservation Klickitat, Washington Klickitat No
Rock Creek Rock Creek Basin Klickitat, Washington Columbia Lower Middle No

Section 3: Focal Species
Focal Species:
Primary Secondary Additional Species
Steelhead Middle Columbia River ESU
Chinook Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU

Section 4: Past Accomplishments
Past Accomplishments for Each Fiscal Year of This Project This proposal is for funding a new project, and has no past accomplishments.

Section 5: Relationships to Other Projects
Other Current Projects Related to this Project (any funding source) There are no projects related to this proposal.

Section 6: Biological Objectives
Biological Objectives of this Proposed Project
Biological Objective Full Description Associated Subbasin Plan Strategy Page Nos
Improve habitat quality Information available regarding channel morphology is largely based on observational information. Little or no quantified data is available for the lower Klickitat or Rock Creek. Therefore, information needed to identify specific restoration projects is unavailable. Actions under this objective start with conducting an evaluation of current channel morphology and habitat condition. Once the evaluation is complete, priority projects will be identified and implemented. Other actions may include pulling back stream banks, reconnecting side channels, improving floodplain connectivity, relocating roads and other infrastructure, placement of rock weirs, and other projects that are identified based on the inventory and assessment. Klickitat Reconnect side channels Improve floodplain connectivity Relocate floodplain infrastructure, roads; improve maintenance, rehabilitate, decommission as appropriate 343
Improve Habitat Quality Information available regarding channel morphology is largely based on observational information. Little or no quantified data is available for the lower Klickitat or Rock Creek. Therefore, information needed to identify specific restoration projects is unavailable. Actions under this objective start with conducting an evaluation of current channel morphology and habitat condition. Once the evaluation is complete, priority projects will be identified and implemented. Other actions may include pulling back stream banks, reconnecting side channels, improving floodplain connectivity, relocating roads and other infrastructure, placement of rock weirs, and other projects that are identified based on the inventory and assessment. Lower Middle Columbia Reconnect side channels Improve floodplain connectivity Relocate floodplain infrastructure, roads; improve maintenance, rehabilitate, decommission as appropriate 348-349
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls The frequency that flow conditions exist that allow passage over the 16-foot falls on the Little Klickitat River is unknown and thought to occur only during high flow events. Work performed under this objective is focused on gaining an understanding of the passage frequency. Specific objectives are to identify the range of flows where passage may be possible and to identify the frequency that those flows occur during periods of upstream migration. Results will be evaluated relative to historical flow patterns and will be presented in terms of the number of years where passage may have been possible and the number of days in each year that passage may have occurred. The evaluation will be validated by monitoring upstream movement of above the falls. The preferred option for monitoring passage will be identified in the first year of funding. Testing of options and engineering design of the monitoring facility will be completed during the second year of funding. Construction will be completed in 2009 and testing and monitoring will be initiated in 2010. Klickitat Conduct comprehensive study of fish passage window at Little Klickitat falls utilization by steelhead 342
Reduce Sediment Inputs Sediment has been identified as a limiting factor in the Klickitat and Rock Creek watersheds. The basis for this determination was the presence of sediment observed in stream reaches. No evaluation of the total sediment inputs and/or sediment sources has been conducted. A detailed evaluation is needed to support the identification of projects that have the greatest likelihood of significantly modifying instream sediment loads. Sediment contributions of roads and land use practices will be estimated in terms of tons/year/road segment or land use. The total sediment inputs will be compared to estimates of background inputs to provide insight regarding levels of reduction required to attain biologically meaningful results. Sediment reduction goals can be set once this information is available. Based on the results of the assessment of sediment inputs and sources, roads contributing the greatest quantities of sediment to streams will be modified to reduce or eliminate sediment runoff. Specific actions required for each identified road segment will be dependent upon the location and characteristics of the specific segment. The number of roads treated will be dependent upon the cost of road improvements relative to the available budget. Based on the results of the assessment of sediment inputs and sources, land uses contributing the greatest quantities of sediment to streams may be modified to reduce sediment runoff. This will require landowner cooperation. It is anticipated that coordination with landowners and development of plans will occur in the second year of funding, monitoring to quantify pre-treatment sediment inputs will occur in 2009, and implementation of projects will begin in 2010. Klickitat Study and assess sources/attribute relative contributions of sediment load Implement road management actions that reduce sediment inputs Implement upland management practices that mimic natural runoff and sediment production 345 351
Reduce Sediment Inputs Sediment has been identified as a limiting factor in the Klickitat and Rock Creek watersheds. The basis for this determination was the presence of sediment observed in stream reaches. No evaluation of the total sediment inputs and/or sediment sources has been conducted. A detailed evaluation is needed to support the identification of projects that have the greatest likelihood of significantly modifying instream sediment loads. Sediment contributions of roads and land use practices will be estimated in terms of tons/year/road segment or land use. The total sediment inputs will be compared to estimates of background inputs to provide insight regarding levels of reduction required to attain biologically meaningful results. Sediment reduction goals can be set once this information is available. Based on the results of the assessment of sediment inputs and sources, roads contributing the greatest quantities of sediment to streams will be modified to reduce or eliminate sediment runoff. Specific actions required for each identified road segment will be dependent upon the location and characteristics of the specific segment. The number of roads treated will be dependent upon the cost of road improvements relative to the available budget. Based on the results of the assessment of sediment inputs and sources, land uses contributing the greatest quantities of sediment to streams may be modified to reduce sediment runoff. This will require landowner cooperation. It is anticipated that coordination with landowners and development of plans will occur in the second year of funding, monitoring to quantify pre-treatment sediment inputs will occur in 2009, and implementation of projects will begin in 2010. Lower Middle Columbia Study and assess sources/attribute relative contributions of sediment load Implement road management actions that reduce sediment inputs Implement upland management practices that mimic natural runoff and sediment production 350
Reduce stream temperature Work under this objective will be focused on the Little Klickitat River, lower Klickitat River tributaries, and Rock Creek basin. The Conservation Districts have completed substantial monitoring of temperature; hence, the locations where stream temperature is high are fairly well known. Current and potential shade levels remain uncertain in most areas. Some information regarding current shade levels in the Little Klickitat basin, Swale Creek (trib to the Klickitat), and Rock Creek is available, though incomplete. Some of the available information was developed through remote techniques and needs to be validated. Where no information is available, data needs to be collected. Data will be presented in the form of GIS maps of percent cover. Riparian vegetation in some areas in these basins is limited by the availability of water or soils. Hence, estimates of potential shade will also be developed and mapped. This information will be used to identify priority areas for restoration and will also serve as baseline information to track future trends. Priority projects on farm and grazing land will be identified and implemented. The evaluation conducted under the previous objective will provide information on areas in greatest need of attention. In the second year of funding, the Conservation District will work with landowners to attain their cooperation on projects that will improve riparian condition. Specific project plans will be developed at each priority location owned by willing landowners. Projects may include fencing, alternate water sources, planting trees, or other actions that reduce land management effects on riparian ecology. Implementation will begin in 2009. Projects will be implemented in order of priority. The specific number of projects implemented will be dependent upon the cost associated with a specific location. Hence, the number of projects will be limited by the available funding. Additional projects will be implemented in 2010 and beyond, as needed. Priority projects for restoring riparian function in terms of shade levels will be identified and prioritized. The evaluation conducted under the previous objective will provide information on areas in greatest need of attention. In the second year of funding, the Conservation District will work with landowners to attain their cooperation on riparian restoration projects. Specific project plans will be developed at each priority location owned by willing landowners. Implementation will begin in 2009. Projects will be implemented in order of priority. The specific number of projects implemented will be dependent upon the cost associated with a specific location. Hence, the number of projects will be limited by the available funding. Additional projects will be implemented in 2010 and beyond, as needed. Klickitat Restore and protect remaining riparian buffers from conversion. Restore native riparian tree and shrub habitats degraded by inappropriate grazing. Re-establish and/or enhance native vegetation within floodplain 299 300 344
Reduce stream temperature Work under this objective will be focused on the Little Klickitat River, lower Klickitat River tributaries, and Rock Creek basin. The Conservation Districts have completed substantial monitoring of temperature; hence, the locations where stream temperature is high are fairly well known. Current and potential shade levels remain uncertain in most areas. Some information regarding current shade levels in the Little Klickitat basin, Swale Creek (trib to the Klickitat), and Rock Creek is available, though incomplete. Some of the available information was developed through remote techniques and needs to be validated. Where no information is available, data needs to be collected. Data will be presented in the form of GIS maps of percent cover. Riparian vegetation in some areas in these basins is limited by the availability of water or soils. Hence, estimates of potential shade will also be developed and mapped. This information will be used to identify priority areas for restoration and will also serve as baseline information to track future trends. Priority projects on farm and grazing land will be identified and implemented. The evaluation conducted under the previous objective will provide information on areas in greatest need of attention. In the second year of funding, the Conservation District will work with landowners to attain their cooperation on projects that will improve riparian condition. Specific project plans will be developed at each priority location owned by willing landowners. Projects may include fencing, alternate water sources, planting trees, or other actions that reduce land management effects on riparian ecology. Implementation will begin in 2009. Projects will be implemented in order of priority. The specific number of projects implemented will be dependent upon the cost associated with a specific location. Hence, the number of projects will be limited by the available funding. Additional projects will be implemented in 2010 and beyond, as needed Priority projects for restoring riparian function in terms of shade levels will be identified and prioritized. The evaluation conducted under the previous objective will provide information on areas in greatest need of attention. In the second year of funding, the Conservation District will work with landowners to attain their cooperation on riparian restoration projects. Specific project plans will be developed at each priority location owned by willing landowners. Implementation will begin in 2009. Projects will be implemented in order of priority. The specific number of projects implemented will be dependent upon the cost associated with a specific location. Hence, the number of projects will be limited by the available funding. Additional projects will be implemented in 2010 and beyond, as needed. Lower Middle Columbia Compare to 1860s GLO maps, restore physical and riparian Characteristics Re-establish and/or enhance native vegetation within floodplain 262 349

Section 7: Work Elements
Work Elements and Associated Biological Objectives
Work Element Name Work Element Title Description Start Date End Date Estimated Budget
Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Environmental compliance Any environmental compliance requirements will be met prior to project initiation. 1/1/2008 6/1/2008 $5,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Environmental Compliance Documentation Involved agencies will be integrated into the entire planning process. Once the final plans are complete, the plans will be reviewed with the agencies and modified if necessary to meet requirements. Section 7 Consultation will be needed since steelhead, listed as threatened, are present. An HPA will be attained from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife prior to construction. A Water Quality Certification will be applied for with the Washington Department of Environmental Quality. NEPA/SEPA documentation will be developed. The details of the documentation will be determined through consultation with the pertinent agencies. All actions will include opportunities for public comment. 6/1/2007 6/1/2009 $24,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Permitting Road improvement projects involving instream construction require an HPA from WDFW and may require a Water Quality Certification from the WDOE. County regulations also apply. Where listed species are present, section & consultations (under the ESA) may also be required. In the State of Washington, most road improvement projects are covered under statewide SEPA compliance evaluations. Some may require additional environmental evaluations. No road modification or decommissioning project will be initiated without the proper permits. 8/15/2008 4/15/2009 $15,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Produce environmental compliance documentation Environmental compliance requirements for channel modifications may be extensive. Section 7 consultation will be required where ESA listed species are present. An HPA will be needed from WDFW and a Water Quality Certificate will be required by WDOE. NEPA/SEPA compliance will also be required. No projects will be initiated without the proper permits. 4/1/2008 8/30/2008 $25,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation Produce environmental compliance documentation Environmental compliance requirements for changes in land management (especially related to farm land and grazing) require little environmental compliance documentation. Any activities that include changes in bank or stream conditions require an HPA from WDFW and may require a Water Quality Certification from the WDOE. Where listed species are present, section & consultations (under the ESA) may also be required if the action has the potential to negatively affect listed species. No upland sediment reduction will be initiated without the proper permits. 1/15/2009 4/15/2009 $10,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Decommission Road Decommission roads that are not critical to commerce or emergency response, that cannot be modified to reduce sediment inputs, that have owner agreement to decommission, and that are on the priority list for addressing Decommissioning of roads may occur. These may include old logging roads, old unused grazing land access roads, and other little used roads. Traffic is the number one factor affecting sediment inputs to streams; hence, little used roads are seldom major contributors of sediment. Major roads supporting commerce or emergency services cannot be decommissioned (though they can be relocated, see above). Decommissioning of roads will be conducted, if necessary, following the plans of the pertinent road engineers. Decommissioning plans will include restoration plans for the affected area. The final configuration will be compared to the design to evaluate final construction relative to the original plan. Reporting of construction actions will include compliance with and deviations from the original construction plan, difficulties encountered and solutions implemented, and final cost of construction. For projects included in the monitoring program, reporting will also include effectiveness of actions in terms of total annual sediment reduction achieved. 5/1/2009 11/30/2009 $300,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
* # of road miles decommissioned : all metrics will be documented

Develop Alternative Water Source Develop alternative water source One of the many BMPs that can be applied to reduce sediment inputs to streams is the development of alternative water sources, such as offsite watering stations. These facilities provide alternative watering sites for livestock that are located away from a stream. These facilities reduce the erosion of stream banks by cattle and subsequently reduce the sediment loads in streams. Alternative water sources will be developed at priority sites where bank erosion was identified as a significant contributor to sediment inputs to streams and where landowners were interested in cooperating on the project. Projects will be implemented following project design specifications previously described. A subset of situations where this BMP was applied will be included in the monitoring program 6/1/2009 9/1/2009 $60,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Develop Alternative Water Source Develop alternative water source One of the many BMPs that can be applied to improve riparian conditions is the development of alternative water sources, such as offsite watering stations. These facilities provide alternative watering sites for livestock that are located away from a stream, thereby reducing effects on riparian condition. Alternative water sources will be developed at priority sites. Projects will be implemented following project design specifications previously described. A subset of situations where this BMP was applied will be included in the monitoring program. 6/1/2008 8/1/2009 $35,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Enhance Floodplain Enhance floodplain Floodplain projects may be included in the high priority list. Floodplain enhancement will likely be dominated by projects that recreate floodplain environments or reconnect floodplains that were affected by development. 6/15/2008 9/30/2009 $400,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
* # of acres treated: acres and treatment

Improve/Relocate Road Implement priority road improvement or road relocation projects designed to reduce sediment inputs to streams Implementation of plans to reduce or eliminate sediment inputs from roads will commence as soon as possible for those roads segments that are not part of the monitoring program. Those that are part of the monitoring program will be delayed one year to allow for the collection of pre-treatment information. Implementation will follow the design developed (discussed in the previous work element). Construction may be completed by major road owners (timber companies, City, County, and State Highway Departments) or by private contractors (small landowners). The final configuration will be compared to the design to evaluate final construction relative to the original plan. Reporting of construction actions will include compliance with and deviations from the original construction plan, difficulties encountered and solutions implemented, and final cost of construction. For projects included in the monitoring program, reporting will also include effectiveness of actions in terms of total annual sediment reduction achieved. 5/1/2009 11/30/2009 $400,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
* # of road miles improved, upgraded, or restored: Miles of road improved

Increase Instream Habitat Complexity Increase instream habitat complexity In areas where pools and cover habitat are lacking, instream habitat may be increased through placement of wood, construction of rock structures, and/or pulling back banks. Success of the project will be measured in terms of the volume of habitat created and project longevity. Monitoring will follow State of Washington protocols. 6/15/2008 9/30/2009 $800,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
* # of structures installed: all metrics will be documented

Install Fence Install Fencing Fencing of riparian areas can be used to reduce bank erosion and the resulting sediment inputs to streams. Fencing will be installed at priority sites where bank erosion or riparian condition was identified as a significant contributor to sediment inputs to streams and where landowners were interested in cooperating on the project. 6/1/2009 9/1/2009 $40,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
* # of miles of fence: Miles and types of fencing

Install Fence Install Fencing Fencing of riparian areas can be used to reduce impacts to riparian areas. Fencing will be installed at priority sites. 6/1/2008 8/1/2009 $25,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
* # of miles of fence: miles and type of fence

Plant Vegetation Plant vegetation Planting of vegetation can reduce sediment inputs significantly. Priority areas for planting are riparian areas, but large unvegetated areas may also be identified as significant sediment sources if the current condition is different from the natural situation. Sediment retention does not require trees. Sediment is contained by low, dense vegetation. We suspect that the majority of landowner willing to participate in the program will be willing to restore riparian condition, including trees (see actions addressing stream temperature), but some landowners that are unwilling to participate in a tree planting program may be willing to modify streamside vegetation to reduce sediment inputs. In these situations, modification of land use actions to reduce soil disturbance and planting of vegetation (e.g. grasses or other native plants) will reduce sediment delivery to streams. Vegetation that reduces sediment inputs will be planted at priority sites in riparian areas that were identified as significant contributors to sediment inputs to streams and where landowners were interested in cooperating on the project. 6/1/2009 10/30/2009 $40,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
* # of riparian miles treated: miles and vegetation types

Plant Vegetation Plant vegetation in riparian areas Trees will be planted in priority areas following the planting specifications. Survival will be evaluated one year and 3 years after planting. If survival does not meet the specifications, the site will be evaluated to determine if local conditions are contributing to the mortality. The site will be replanted, adjusting the plant mix as needed to increase survival. 6/1/2008 8/1/2009 $35,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
* # of riparian miles treated: miles planted and plant types

Practice No-till and Conservation Tillage Systems Practice no-till and conservation tillage systems Where farming activities have been identified as significant contributors to sediment inputs to streams, changes in tillage practices may be found to be useful in reducing sediment runoff. 4/15/2009 10/15/2009 $25,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
* # of acres treated: acres treated and treatment

Realign, Connect, and/or Create Channel Realign channels or reconnect side channels Opportunities to realign or reconnect channels to former side channel habitats may be identified. These efforts will be focused on removing infrastructure (e.g. dikes, roads) that has affected the channel. Monitoring will follow State of Washington protocols. 6/15/2008 9/30/2009 $800,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
* # of stream miles treated, including off-channels, after realignment: all metrics will be documented

Upland Erosion and Sedimentation Control Implement priority upland land management projects to reduce sediment inputs to streams Reduction of sediment delivered to streams from upland land management activities is often related to the management of runoff of water. The following 4 work elements address some of the many potential actions that may be taken to reduce sediment delivery to streams from upland land management activities. In addition to those described in the work elements following, actions may include modification of crop selections, changes in irrigation methods, development of settling ponds, construction of wetlands, increases in riparian understory vegetation density, repumping of tailwater to the head of irrigated fields, crop water monitoring to regulate amounts of irrigation water applied to crops, modification of sediment mitigation approaches at construction sites, grazing rotation, crop rotation, and many more commonly accepted and well documented Best Management Practices (BMPs). 6/1/2009 9/1/2009 $60,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
* # of acres treated: acres treated

Coordination Coordination Coordination with existing stakeholder groups was described under Public Outreach, Education, and Involvement. The coordination element will also include coordination with BPA, the NWPCC, pertinent agencies (WDFW, WDOE, NMFS). 1/7/2007 12/31/2009 $36,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Identify and Select Projects Coordinate with landowners Implementation of projects is dependent upon attaining landowner cooperation. Owners of roads and lands on the priority list will be contacted to seek their cooperation with a sediment reduction project. The final list of priority projects will include those high priority projects that have landowners willing to participate in projects. 11/15/2007 1/30/2008 $7,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Identify and Select Projects Identify priority areas for restoration Based on the information collected regarding current channel condition, priority restoration projects will be identified. Priority will be given to projects that will result in the greatest increases in carrying capacity of the basin and that have a high potential of success in terms of long term survival of the project. 1/5/2008 2/15/2008 $4,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
No Metrics for this Work Element

Identify and Select Projects Landowner Coordination Implementation of projects requires landowner cooperation. Owners of lands falling where high priority projects have been identified will be contacted to seek their cooperation 2/15/2008 4/1/2008 $8,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
No Metrics for this Work Element

Identify and Select Projects Prioritize areas for projects that reduce sediment inputs Based on the results of the data analysis, locations and sources where sediment inputs are high will be identified. This will likely result in a list of specific road segments and specific land use locations. The amount of sediment that could be reduced with specific actions will be identified and priorities will be identified based on the total volume of reduction. 10/15/2007 11/15/2007 $4,800
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Identify and Select Projects Project Selection and Prioritization Priority restoration projects will be identified. Top priority will go to areas along warm streams with anadromous fish populations and ample opportunity to increase stream shading. The second tier of priorities will go to warm streams with resident fish. The lowest priorities will be given to well-shaded streams with little potential to increase shade. Actions in such basins have little potential to result in substantial improvements in habitat quality. 2/15/2008 3/30/2008 $5,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Manage and Administer Projects Management This work element will include coordination of on-the-ground efforts, management of subcontractors, project administration, budget tracking, support of BPA’s programmatic requirements, and other project management duties. 1/1/2007 12/31/2009 $180,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Outreach and Education Public outreach, education, and involvement Public outreach is critical to the success of this program. Most of the actions will require landowner approval and cooperation. Hence, public support is for the program is highly important. Annual public meetings will be held to update interested parties regarding program accomplishments and program plans. Project specifications will be developed in coordination with existing stakeholder groups (WRIA Planning Units, Rock Creek Resource Management Group) and affected stakeholders. These parties will also be requested to comment on draft reports. These efforts will help provide public credibility in the program 1/7/2007 12/31/2009 $180,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
* # of general public reached: public reached and other measures

Produce Design and/or Specifications Complete detailed feasibility analysis Feasibility analysis will include evaluation of the engineering feasibility, the potential for harm to fish, the expected resolution of equipment, expected error in estimates, and cost. The feasibility assessment may include testing of equipment in a trial setting if photographic, sonar, acoustic, or velocimeter options are selected for analysis. More than one approach will likely be tested to determine which is most effective in the setting. 8/15/2007 6/1/2008 $18,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Design and/or Specifications Complete engineering design The final engineering design will be contracted to an appropriate firm. Design drawings will detail all aspects of construction. Cost estimates will be included in the design. 6/30/2008 9/30/2008 $35,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Design and/or Specifications Create specifications for plantings Specifications for plantings will be developed for various soil types and habitat classes. These specifications will include the number of trees to be planted, preferred species, and minimum survival rates. 3/30/2008 4/30/2008 $4,200
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Design and/or Specifications Evaluate options for monitoring upstream passage Options for monitoring passage may include construction of weirs upstream of the falls, side scan sonar, video monitoring, infrared fish counters, use of a Doppler Velocimeter, and other options. Each of these options has limitations when applied at the site. The selected option(s) will have to perform at high velocities in winter. A combination of approaches may be determined to provide the greatest confidence in results. 6/1/2007 8/15/2007 $5,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Design and/or Specifications Roads project design Design of roads to reduce sediment will likely be completed by some of the major landowners (e.g. timber companies, City, County, and State road departments) who have trained road engineers on staff. The goals and objectives and the factors that contribute to the high sediment erosion and delivery rates will be provided to the road engineers. It is the intent of this contract to provide funding to these entities if necessary to complete the road design work which addresses the identified sediment issues. A few priority road segments may be owned by small landowners. The WDNR small landowner program can provide assistance to small forest landowners. Agricultural land owners may have to rely on Conservation District help, which, in turn, may require professional engineering help for difficult situations. Funding will be provided to the landowner and/or Conservation District as needed to complete the road design. A general description of the approach that will be used to address the sediment issues will be requested from road engineers. Sites included in the monitoring program will be discussed with the engineers to ensure that the information needed to design the site-level monitoring is available. 3/15/2008 10/15/2008 $30,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Cumulative Sediment Inputs Cumulative sediment inputs will be depicted by summing inputs from roads and land uses. These inputs will be compared to estimates of historic erosion rates to identify areas/streams where sediment inputs are increased substantially from the natural condition and to identify the sources of that sediment. 8/15/2007 10/15/2007 $5,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment develop QA/QC manual A QA/QC Plan will be developed which will address data collection, calibration of equipment, data entry, data analysis, and report writing. 2/15/2007 3/30/2007 $5,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Develop QA/QC Plan A QA/QC Plan will be developed that pertains specifically to this portion of the contract. The QA/ QC plan will cover assessment methods, data documentation, data validation, duplicates, data handing and chains of command, data documentation, reporting, and report review. 1/15/2007 3/15/2007 $7,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Estimate Likelihood of Passage as a Function of Stream Flow The hydraulic characteristics of the stream and waterfall will be compared to the range of swimming and leaping capabilities reported in the literature. This analysis will determine the frequencies and limits of fish passage over the waterfall at various flood frequency flows. Based on the above analysis, the range of flows where fish passage becomes possible will be determined. 7/1/2008 8/1/2008 $5,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Estimate potential shade levels Potential shade will be estimated using information regarding soils, rainfall (both are available), and tree growth. Estimates will assume that native vegetation is planted along streams in areas where vegetation is currently lacking or sparse. Historical vegetation will be assessed through evaluations of the 1860s Government Land Office survey notes. These notes provide information on species present. In riparian areas. Details regarding density are largely lacking in the notes. 6/15/2007 2/15/2008 $50,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Estimates of Natural Background Sediment Inputs Natural background sediment inputs will be estimated using the RUSLE model with estimates of historic vegetation as ground cover. 8/15/2007 10/15/2007 $4,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Evaluate existing shade conditions Work has been completed in the Swale Creek basin (tributary to the Klickitat River), the Little Klickitat River (Anderson et al 2004), and the Rock Creek Basin that addresses current shade levels at a large scale basis. Each of these assessments is based on remote data sources (e.g. aerial photographs) or on general observations of conditions or point data. Little or no quantitative information regarding current shade levels is available in other portions of the project area. Stream reaches where restoration actions would be of the greatest benefit are difficult or impossible to identify with the existing information. An evaluation of current riparian vegetation condition and trends in riparian vegetation over the past 50 years was developed in the Rock Creek basin as part of the WRIA 31 Watershed Assessment (not included in the Subbasin Plan). The evaluation was based on interpretation of aerial photographs. This information needs to be validated with on-the-ground evaluation of current conditions. In other areas, inventories of existing shade are needed. This will be completed using GIS interpretations of aerial or satellite photography. The models will be trained with a subset of data collected in the field. The results will be validated on the ground. All efforts will follow the QA/QC plan. The information collected will be used to prioritize projects. The data will also be used as baseline data for tracking regional trends in streamside shading. 2/15/2007 2/15/2008 $155,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Hydraulic modeling and analysis Develop a hydraulic model from the survey data. It is anticipated that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) HEC-RAS computer model will be used in this effort. This model will analyze the waterfall and creek for the various discharges. This model will facilitate the determination of the creek’s hydraulic characteristics (water elevations, velocities, jump heights, etc.). It should be understood that the model’s analysis of the waterfall itself would be approximate; bracketing an appropriate rage of hydraulic characteristics. 5/1/2008 7/1/2008 $15,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Hydrologic analysis Utilizing available stream gage data, calculate the range of discharges and return frequencies (2-yr, 5-yr, 10-yr, 25-yr, 50 yr, 75-yr, and 100-yr return intervals) during the time interval that steelhead are present and moving upstream. 6/1/2007 9/30/2007 $7,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Identify current channel condition Quantitative information on channel condition is largely lacking in the project area. Characterizations of the basins are based primarily on professional judgment supported by general observations. Greater information is needed to characterize processes influencing channel condition and to identify priority habitat restoration projects. Channel condition (pool frequency, wood abundance, sediment loads, bank erosion, shade levels) will be evaluated in fish-bearing streams using methods described in TFW manuals. In headwater areas, representative channels will selected for evaluation. Mainstem channels will be evaluated in their entirety. Data collected will be tied to a GIS system. Data collected will be used not only to identify priority projects but will also be valuable as baseline data for tracking long-term landscape level trends in habitat condition. Available information regarding historical channel conditions and flows will be pulled from the Government Land Office survey notes from the 1860s. This information provides insight into channel conditions prior to settlement. This work will build on efforts already completed for portions of the basins 3/1/2007 12/30/2007 $235,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Improve habitat quality
Improve Habitat Quality
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Inputs from Surface Erosion RUSLE and FS WEPP are the two erosion models that have consistently been found to match measured field data. WEPP is a complex model that requires a great amount of information regarding infiltration rates and other difficult to collect information. In general, it performs as well as RUSLE, but not significantly better. Therefore, RUSLE will be used to estimate surface erosion from non-road lands. Landscapes will be stratified to represent areas with similar land use, soil, slope, and rainfall conditions. The model will then be run for each strata and outputs expanded to the total acreage in each strata. Output will be in terms of total sediment delivered to identified streams. Full metadata for data collected will be documented. Reporting will include details of data collection, data gaps, assumptions, methods, data collection and model difficulties, model results, and data interpretation as well as maps, tables, graphs, and charts depicting results. 4/1/2007 8/15/2007 $25,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Land Owner Coordination Implementation of projects require landowner cooperation. Owners of lands falling into the high priority category will be contacted to seek their cooperation 3/30/2008 6/30/2008 $15,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce stream temperature
Reduce stream temperature
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment QA/QC Manual A QA/QC Plan will be developed which will address data collection, calibration of equipment, data entry, data analysis, and report writing. 2/15/2007 4/15/2007 $5,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Quantify Sediment Inputs from Roads WDNR has recently completed, tested, and validated a road surface erosion model that quantified the amount of sediment delivered to streams from specified road segments. The model, known as Washington road Surface Erosion Model (WARSEM), is a GIS based model. The model will be used to estimate road sediment inputs in the project area. WARSEM accuracy is directly proportional to the accuracy of the input data. Like all models, use of “best professional judgment” in lieu of actual measured data introduces significant error into model results. The parameters that that model uses are not difficult to attain. Major landowners will be contacted to determine if some or all of the required information regarding roads is available. Information that is not available will be collected. Some stratification of roads that are located far from streams and have little traffic (typically the roads that contribute little sediment) will be utilized to reduce the cost of data collection. The full data set will be collected for all road segments potentially contributing significant amounts of sediment (high traffic, close to streams, and/or unpaved). Data will be input into data sheets and put into the WARSEM model. The outputs of the model are: 1) tables listing road characteristics and total annual road segment sediment inputs to streams, and 2) maps color coded to help ID those road segments that contribute the highest volume of sediment annually. Full metadata for data collected will be documented. Reporting will include details of data collection, data gaps, assumptions, methods, data collection and model difficulties, model results, and data interpretation as well as maps, tables, graphs, and charts depicting results. 4/1/2007 10/15/2007 $85,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Review of literature on fish jumping capability There are numerous studies assessing the jumping ability of salmonids. Important factors include the depth of the pool at the bottom of the falls, the height of the jump, water depth above the falls, and flow velocity. Review literature to identify central tendency and range of maximum jumping capability of steelhead. 5/1/2007 9/30/2007 $5,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Inventory or Assessment Topographic survey of falls Observe and record hydraulic friction values; bed, bank, and floodplain features; flow patterns; material sizes; and vegetation. Inspect and record any evidence of headcutting, degradation, aggradation, or possible confounding situations upstream and downstream. Perform a topographic survey of the waterfall and creek. Approximately 3 creek cross-sections will be required upstream of the falls and at least 5 cross-section will be required downstream of the falls. Additionally, cross-sections of the waterfall itself will be made. Measure discharge at 3 flows across transects at the falls and upstream and downstream of falls. 5/1/2007 5/1/2008 $12,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Plan Implementation Plan An implementation plan will be developed that outlines the goals of each priority project selected, the general approach to the situation, the implementation schedule, the expected sediment reductions, and estimated budget for completion of all priority projects. 2/1/2008 3/15/2008 $5,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce Plan Monitoring Plan A monitoring plan will be developed to assess the effectiveness of sediment reduction projects. The monitoring effort will be take a programmatic approach to monitoring. A subset of sites will be selected for monitoring. This subset will include a cross section of methods used and situations addressed. Baseline data will be collected at the monitoring sites for one year prior to modification of the site and for two years following modification. The difference in sediment inputs will be calculated and compared with project objectives. These sediment reduction estimates will be expanded to sites that were not monitored to develop an estimate of overall sediment reductions resulting from the program 2/1/2008 3/15/2008 $6,500
Biological Objectives Metrics
Reduce Sediment Inputs
Reduce Sediment Inputs
No Metrics for this Work Element

Provide Technical Review Provide Tecnical Review Study plans (including QA/QC requirements) will be developed for all work elements involving data collection. These study plans will be reviewed by the WRIA Planning Units, the Rock Creek Coordinated Resources Group, WDFW, and WDOE at minimum. Draft engineering plans will be provided to local independent engineers for review. Annual reports and publications will be developed in draft and provided to the Planning Units, the Rock Creek Coordinated Resources Group, WDFW, and WDOE for review prior to development of the final documents. 4/1/2007 12/31/2009 $84,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Produce/Submit Scientific Findings Report Reporting Annual reports will include details of accomplishments for each work element, including progress relative to schedule, problems encountered and solutions implemented, and deliverables completed. Annual reports will also summarize data collected, findings of investigations, project prioritization, summaries of feasibility analyses, and an overview of design operations. Study results will be provided in a technical report format. Draft or final documents will be attached or, if previously delivered to BPA, referenced in the annual report. Monitoring results will also be provided with the annual reports. In addition to the annual reports and Pisces status reports, status reports will be developed as requested by BPA Reports of all studies in this program will include descriptions of the hypotheses tested, data collection methods used (including QA/QC procedures), summaries of data collected, methods of data analysis, assumptions, summaries of analysis results, conclusions of studies, and references. Reports of implemented projects will include details of location, specifics regarding restoration actions, problems encountered, and final outcome of project. Costs of reports were included under the various work elements. Costs reported here include reproduction, mailings, and submittals of documents Status of projects relative to milestones and deliverables will be developed quarterly and submitted to BPA. 3/1/2007 12/31/2009 $150,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
No Metrics for this Work Element

Install Fish Monitoring Equipment Construction or installation of monitoring facility Construction or installation of the monitoring facility will be contracted with a company or University with the appropriate expertise. Construction or installation cost estimates are only approximate and cannot be estimated precisely at this time. 6/30/2009 9/15/2009 $300,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element

Install Fish Monitoring Equipment Testing of facility Prior to initiating passage monitoring, the facility will be tested. The State of Washington regularly stocks rainbow trout into the Little Klickitat River. Rainbow trout will be released into the stream to determine if the equipment is picking up the fish. Refinements to methods and/or equipment will be made as necessary to ensure full functionality. 11/1/2009 12/15/2009 $12,000
Biological Objectives Metrics
Passage at Little Klickitat Falls
No Metrics for this Work Element


Section 8: Budget

Itemized Estimated Budget
Item Note FY 2007 Cost FY 2008 Cost FY 2009 Cost
Capital Equipment Sampling equipment in 2007 and 2008, fish passage facility in 2009 $47,000 $26,700 $225,000
Personnel Includes subcontractors $212,526 $1,323,000 $1,417,500
Fringe Benefits includes subcontractors $23,614 $147,000 $157,500
Supplies Estimates only, precise costs will be developed during project planning $51,800 $547,500 $478,000
Travel Estimates only, subject to change as scope of work is refined $10,360 $63,700 $78,800
Totals $345,300 $2,107,900 $2,356,800

Total Estimated FY 2007-2009 Budgets
Total Itemized Budget$4,810,000
Total Work Element budget$4,810,000

Cost sharing
Funding Source or Organization Item or Service Provided FY 2007 Est Value ($) FY 2008 Est Value ($) FY 2009 Est Value ($) Cash or in-kind? Status

Section 9: Project Future
Project Future Costs and/or Termination
FY 2010 Est Budget FY 2011 Est Budget Comments
$ 0 $ 0
Future Operations & Maintenance Costs
 
Termination Date Comments
2009 Monitoring will continue into the future. Funds for monitoring will be requested in the next funding cycle.
 
Final Deliverables

Section 10: Narrative
Document Type Size Date

Part 2 of 2. Reviews of Proposal
Administrative Review Group (ARG) Results
Account Type:
Expense
Location:
Province: No Change
Subbasin: No Change
Primary Focal Species
No Change
ARG Comments:


BPA's in lieu Funding Review of new project proposals (August 3, 2006) [Download letter and table]

BPA's in lieu Rating: 3.0
Approx. BPA share of total costs: BPA 100%
Status of Cost Share:
Notes: Offsite habitat improvements/restoration, multiple activities, multiple entities with authority or requirement to fund


NPCC Final Funding Recommendations (October 23, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$ 0
FY 2008 Budget
$ 0
FY 2009 Budget
$ 0
Total NPCC Rec
$ 0
Budget Type:Expense
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Recommendation:Do Not Fund
Comments:


NPCC Draft Funding Recommendations (September 15, 2006) [Full NPCC Council Recs]

FY 2007 Budget
$ 0
FY 2008 Budget
$ 0
FY 2009 Budget
$ 0
Total NPCC Rec
$ 0
FY 2007 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2008 MSRT Rec
$ 0
FY 2009 MSRT Rec
$ 0
Total MSRT Rec
$ 0
Budget Category:ProvinceExpense
Comments:

Local or MSRT Comments: See Washington guidance


Independent Scientific Review Panel Final Review (August 31, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Not fundable
NPCC Comments: The responses do little to diminish the ISRP concerns, in some cases avoiding the concerns entirely. The proposal and response are inadequate. The ISRP maintains its preliminary recommendation of "Not fundable."

ISRP's preliminary comments (June 2006): The proposal was inadequately presented. Justification for the $5M requested needs to be more carefully made before this project can meet the ISRP review criteria. As written, with exception of Little Klickitat falls study, this is a generic proposal that could fit (or really, not fit) almost any catchment in the arid portion of Columbia system. It is not specific to the Klickitat, Little Klickitat, or Rock creek. It mentions that a few habitat surveys have been done but ignores their results. It shows inadequate understanding of existing habitat, fish and wildlife, and potential for restoration/enhancement. The ISRP notes that some of the road relocation/sediment reduction strategies in the County could be beneficial to the fish and wildlife resources. However, the proposal does not adequately demonstrate the priority of these strategies or the actual benefits to fish and wildlife. A large portion of the proposal is to determine if steelhead pass Little Klickitat Falls.

Proposal readability suffers greatly from having 34 pages of objectives and methods in tabular form. The proposal would be improved by a clearer separation of the watershed assessment and fish passage/monitoring components. Portions of the proposal appear redundant with assessments done in Lower Klickitat by the Yakama Nation. The proposal does not provide evidence of collaboration with the Yakama Nation.

There is major expenditure associated with reducing the sediment input from roads. The ISRP is concerned over the following quote from the proposal summary Work Elements section: “Traffic is the number one factor affecting sediment inputs to streams; hence, little used roads are seldom major contributors of sediment.” The concern is that this is a fundamental misunderstanding that could affect any road system assessment. Sediment input to streams is caused by poorly designed and maintained roads, especially their drainage ditches and culverts, whatever the frequency of use.

Klickitat County raises a potential issue concerning public availability of data collected with BPA funds that deserves the Council's inquiry: “The Klickitat Management Plan emphasizes the need for quality control and requires that all data collected in support of the program be available to the public. Data collected in the past using BPA funds have been treated as proprietary in most cases. Hence, that data is not available to support public policy, public decisions regarding habitat improvement, and/or habitat protection.”


Independent Scientific Review Panel Preliminary Review (June 2, 2006) [Download full document]

Recommendation: Not fundable
NPCC Comments: The proposal was inadequately presented. Justification for the $5M requested needs to be more carefully made before this project can meet the ISRP review criteria. As written, with exception of Little Klickitat falls study, this is a generic proposal that could fit (or really, not fit) almost any catchment in the arid portion of Columbia system. It is not specific to the Klickitat, Little Klickitat, or Rock creek. It mentions that a few habitat surveys have been done but ignores their results. It shows inadequate understanding of existing habitat, fish and wildlife, and potential for restoration/enhancement. The ISRP notes that some of the road relocation/sediment reduction strategies in the County could be beneficial to the fish and wildlife resources. However, the proposal does not adequately demonstrate the priority of these strategies or the actual benefits to fish and wildlife. A large portion of the proposal is to determine if steelhead pass Little Klickitat Falls.

Proposal readability suffers greatly from having 34 pages of objectives and methods in tabular form. The proposal would be improved by a clearer separation of the watershed assessment and fish passage/monitoring components. Portions of the proposal appear redundant with assessments done in Lower Klickitat by the Yakama Nation. The proposal does not provide evidence of collaboration with the Yakama Nation.

There is major expenditure associated with reducing the sediment input from roads. The ISRP is concerned over the following quote from the proposal summary Work Elements section: “Traffic is the number one factor affecting sediment inputs to streams; hence, little used roads are seldom major contributors of sediment.” The concern is that this is a fundamental misunderstanding that could affect any road system assessment. Sediment input to streams is caused by poorly designed and maintained roads, especially their drainage ditches and culverts, whatever the frequency of use.

Klickitat County raises a potential issue concerning public availability of data collected with BPA funds that deserves the Council's inquiry: “The Klickitat Management Plan emphasizes the need for quality control and requires that all data collected in support of the program be available to the public. Data collected in the past using BPA funds have been treated as proprietary in most cases. Hence, that data is not available to support public policy, public decisions regarding habitat improvement, and/or habitat protection.”

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