BPA Fish and Wildlife FY 1998 Proposal

Section 1. Summary
Section 2. Goals
Section 3. Background
Section 4. Purpose and methods
Section 5. Planned activities
Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation
Section 7. Relationships
Section 8. Costs and FTE

see CBFWA and BPA funding recommendations

Section 1. Summary

Title of project
North Fork John Day Habitat Improvement

BPA project number   8400800

Short description
Restore summer steelhead and spring chinook salmon habitat in the North Fork John Day River watershed.

Business name of agency, institution or organization requesting funding
USDA Forest Service Umatilla National Forest

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

 NameJohn Sanchez, Forest Fish Program Manager
 Mailing address2517 S.W. Hailey Avenue
Pendleton, OR 97801


Section 2. Goals

Supports a healthy Columbia basin; maintains biological diversity; increases run sizes or populations; provides needed habitat protection

Target stockLife stageMgmt code (see below)
John Day River Summer SteelheadRearing Juveniles and Spawning AdultsN, W
John Day River Spring ChinookRearing Juveniles and Sapwning AdultsN, W

Affected stockBenefit or detriment
Redband TroutBeneficial
Bull TroutBeneficial

Section 3. Background

Stream area affected

Stream name   North Fork John Day River tributaries
Stream miles affected   50 miles
Subbasin   John Day River
Land ownership   Public
Acres affected   1,500 acres

Originally, the contract focused on restoring Granite and Clear Creeks from past dredge mining operations which severely reduced salmon and steelhead populations. Dredging operations began in the 1920ís and continued intermittently until 1954. Restoration efforts began on a 4 mile stretch of Clear Creek where spawning areas were increased by the addition of 7100 cubic yards of gravel. Instream structures, log and boulder weirs, were constructed and stream banks were stabilized. Blackjack mine was plugged and its acid water seepage was diverted into a bog to reduce wastes leaking into the stream. Instream structures have been constructed throughout the watershed to improve summer survival habitat for salmon and steelhead. Riparian exclosures and water gaps have been constructed with barb wire fence to promote riparian recovery while still allowing traditional livestock grazing. Monitoring has included riparian exclosure projects, vegetation measurement, structure durability monitoring, and physical and biological stream measurements.

Biological results achieved
The North Fork John Day River is home to the one remaining totally wild run of summer steelhead and spring chinook salmon within the Columbia basin. The project focus was on instream work that provided summer survival habitat for anadromous fish. The riparian exclosure fencing portion of the contract promoted stream adjacent vegetation protection and recovery to provide stream surface shade which results in cooler summer water temperatures.

Project reports and papers
Annual reports were completed from 1988 to 1992. Bi-monthly progress reports were submitted on the active project. Opac billings are due quarterly on the active project.

Adaptive management implications
This project pioneered the use of track mounted excavators and the super hoe (spider) for instream habitat restoration developing pool forming structures using native materials. Hilti epoxy glue and cable was adapted to secure instream structures increasing the life of project during high flows to protect the investment.

Section 4. Purpose and methods

Specific measureable objectives
N/A - This project is in the O/M phase

Critical uncertainties
N/A - This project is in the O/M Phase

Biological need
The underlying need for the O/M phase of this project is to maintain project effectiveness in providing summer survival habitat and cooler water temperatures for summer steelhead trout and spring chinook salmon.

Hypothesis to be tested
N/A - Project was not a study

Alternative approaches

Justification for planning


Section 5. Planned activities

Phase PlanningStart 1/83 End 6/84Subcontractor
This project will be in the Operations & Maintenance phase from 1997 to 2001 and beyond. Project activities will include an annual inspection of existing investments to determine maintenance needs. Maintenance of existing inchannel fish habitat restoration structures may be necessary to maintain their effectiveness. Annual maintenance of existing barb wire fence exclosures will be necessary to protect this investment and insure project effectiveness.
Phase ImplementationStart 6/84 End 10/94Subcontractor
Project construction on the North Fork John Day River and its tributaries.
Phase O&MStart 1997 End UnknownSubcontractor
Annual inspection of investments. Maintenance of existing investments.
Project completion date   Unknown

Constraints or factors that may cause schedule or budget changes
There are no known risks associated with the O/M phase of this project.

Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation


Expected performance of target population or quality change in land area affected
The expected outcome of operation and maintenance of this project is the continued effectiveness of the fish habitat restoration improvements resulting in aquatic habitat recovery for summer steelhead and spring chinook salmon.

Present utilization and convservation potential of target population or area
Spring Chinook salmon and summer steelhead trout wild stocks in the John Day River system are currently depressed. Summer steelhead trout are presently proposed for further study by the National Marine Fisheries Service under the Endangered Species Act.

Assumed historic status of utilization and conservation potential
Stocks were historically healthy and supported a Native American fishery.

Long term expected utilization and conservation potential for target population or habitat
Wild stocks of anadromous fish have an excellent potential for recovery because of their position in the Columbia River basin above only three main stem dams.

Contribution toward long-term goal
Reduce stream temperatures and stream width. Increase rearing and spawning habitat , macro invertebrate populations, and stream and bank cover. Increased natural production of wild salmon and steelhead.

Indirect biological or environmental changes
Recovery of riparian vegetation from the exclusion of livestock with properly functioning fences.

Environmental attributes affected by the project
Reduced water temperature and increased pool habitat for anadromous fish adult spawning and juvenile rearing habitat.

Changes assumed or expected for affected environmental attributes
Temporary, short-term increase in water turbidity with a long-term improvement in water quality.

Measure of attribute changes

Assessment of effects on project outcomes of critical uncertainty
No critical uncertainties were identified.

Information products
An annual accomplishment report will be drafted to report accomplishments

Coordination outcomes


Provisions to monitor population status or habitat quality

Data analysis and evaluation

Information feed back to management decisions

Critical uncertainties affecting project's outcomes

Riparian vegetation recovery documented by photo point monitoring. Number of investments providing summer survival habitat.

Incorporating new information regarding uncertainties

Increasing public awareness of F&W activities
Maintenance of existing investments demonstrates a long-term commitment to protect, mitigate, and enhance native fish populations.

Section 7. Relationships

Related BPA projectRelationship
9303800 Funds from this project were transferred to project 9303800 in 1993. Accounting Convenience

Opportunities for cooperation
This project and project 9605300 could share equipment or have equipment requested combined on one equipment rental contract.

Section 8. Costs and FTE

1997 Planned  $30,000

Future funding needs   Past obligations (incl. 1997 if done)
FY$ Need% Plan % Implement% O and M
199830,000  20% 80%
199930,000  10% 90%
200030,000  10% 90%
200130,000  10% 90%
200230,000  20% 80%
FYOther funding sourceAmountIn-kind value
1998USFS investment funding $30,000 
1999USFS investment funding $30,000 
2000USFS investment funding $30,000 
2001USFS investment funding $30,000 
2002USFS investment funding $30,000 

Other non-financial supporters
US. Forest Service grazing permittees provide in-kind investment maintenance.

Longer term costs   Continued implementation of operation and maintenance could be reduced to $20,000 annually if only fence maintenance is found to be necessary.

Continued implementation of operation and maintenance

FY97 overhead percent   10.7%

How does percentage apply to direct costs
Direct project costs

Subcontractor FTE   0.5