BPA Fish and Wildlife FY 1998 Proposal

Section 1. Summary
Section 2. Goals
Section 3. Background
Section 4. Purpose and methods
Section 5. Planned activities
Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation
Section 7. Relationships
Section 8. Costs and FTE

see CBFWA and BPA funding recommendations

Section 1. Summary

Title of project
Habitat Enhancement & Protection - Shoshone-Paiute Res.

BPA project number   9701100

Short description
Habitat improvement & protective measures for quality resident trout habitat on Reservation lakes and streams.

Business name of agency, institution or organization requesting funding
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

 NameHerman Atkins, Tribal Administrator
 Mailing address
Owyhee, NV 89832

Bids have not been let for an engineering firm. Construction work or fencing.

Section 2. Goals

Increases run sizes or populations; provides needed habitat protection

Target stockLife stageMgmt code (see below)
Rainbow, native redband, cutthroat, and bull trout RSH, RSL
Wildlife RSH, RSL

Affected stockBenefit or detriment
Native redband, Lahontan cutthroat trout, bull troutImproved streams, river and reservoir riparian areas for self-sustaining waterways
Golden and bald eagles, ferruginous hawk, black tern, least bittern, white-faced ibis, trumper swan, sandhill crane, waterfowlBeneficial
River otter, minkBeneficial

Section 3. Background

Stream area affected

Stream name   All streams, reservoirs and the Owyhee River
Stream miles affected   300
Hydro project   Owyhee, Brownlee, Oxbow, Hells Canyon, Lower Granite, Little Goose, Ice Harbor, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, The Dalles, and Bonneville dams.
Subbasin   Owyhee
Land ownership   U.S. Federal Government held in trust for the Shoshone-Paiute of Duck Valley
Acres affected   290,000 acres

Included in the NPPC's Fish & Wildlife program as amended in Phase IV, 10.8C.5. Activities for this measure were partially accomplished through the Fisheries management. Plan subcontracted with the USFWS as part of Resident Fish Stocking Grant (BPA). This management plan and its annual update was discontinued in FY 94. The annual amount was $26,000. These measures (see methods) are necessary to achieve optimum results.for the lake and stream, stocking program and restoration of redband and bull trout populations.

Biological results achieved
Improved habitat, improved water quality and quantity, enhanced food web, major tangible improvements to the ecosystem which will contribute to rebuilding weak, but recoverable redband and bull trout species.

Project reports and papers
Duck Valley Fisheries Management Plan years 1990, 91, 92, 92. U.S.F.W.S., Howard Burge, Fisheries B: a Fisheries Management Plan, Annual Report to the Tribal Council.

Adaptive management implications
1. Measure stream habitat variables in project locations for pre- and post-treatment evaluation.
2. Control fish passage between the Owyhee River and reservoirs and fish rearing ponds to keep th rainbow trout from escaping, and to deter and reduce non-game fish from migrating into reservoirs by placing fish screens in strategic places in the inflow streams.
3. To repair and enhance dikes on the reservoirs to maintain dam integrity.
4. Fence in riparian areas to keep out livestock.
5. To install and maintain oxygenators in the fish rearing ponds.
6. To protect the trout from an overgrowth of aquatic vegetation by application of aquaticides.

Section 4. Purpose and methods

Specific measureable objectives
1. To repair dikes and dams
2. To obtain equipment for management of reservoir pools, i.e., temperature, depth, etc.
3. To achieve proper aquatic vegetation control,
4. To keep adequate inlet and outlet screening of reservoirs.
5. To perform habitat restoration on streams, reservoirs and the Owyhee River.

Critical uncertainties
Dam/dike failure during high run-off years could compromise the integrity of the closed systems. High run-off could also affect the habitat restoration along the streams and river.

Biological need
Biological need: Habitat enhancements are needed to help recover native populations of cutthroat, redband trout and bull trout on the Duck Valley Reservation’s streams and rivers. In the reservoirs, provide catchable rainbow trout for economic development and consumption for the people on the Duck Valley Reservation.

Implement, monitor and evaluate resident fish habitat improvement and protective measures. Include the following habitat protective measures and improvements: (I) management recommendations for reservoir pool levels, (ii) reservoir rehabilitation measures for non-game fish and aquatic vegetation control, (iii) reservoir inlet and outlet screening, (iv) improvement of recreational fishing sites, (v) stream riparian zone restoration by planting vegetation, fencing overgrazed areas, and stream bank stabilization, and (vi) baseline water quality survey to assess contaminants that may affect trout populations.

Section 5. Planned activities

Phase PlanningStart 1/13/97 End 12/12/98Subcontractor
Year 1 (1996) Initiate tribal training program Conduct design and construction of reservoir screens Initiate reservoir rehabilitation measures Design and construct recreational fishing site improvements Initiate habitat improvement assessment Initiate water quality survey Initiate evaluation and monitoring program Year 2-5 (97-2000) Continue tribal training program Continue reservoir rehabilitation measures Implement stream habitat improvement measures Continue water quality survey Continue evaluation and monitoring program
Phase ImplementationStart 1/13/98 End 12/12/99Subcontractor
To continue habitat enhancement.
Phase O&MStart End Subcontractor
Operation and maintenance on reservoir dams, fences, hatch boxes, grow-out ponds.
Project completion date   1/15/2001

Constraints or factors that may cause schedule or budget changes
If this program is not implemented, the quality of the reservoirs and streams will deteriorate. This Operation and Maintenance Program is vital to the success of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes fisheries.

Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation


Expected performance of target population or quality change in land area affected
1. Control non-game fish.
2. Riparian zone restoration on all streams, reservoirs, and river.
3. Aquatic vegetation control in order to improve fish habitat.

Present utilization and convservation potential of target population or area
Currently, the redband and bull trout are harvested at low levels for local consumption. Habitat is poor due to floods and poor watershed health.

Assumed historic status of utilization and conservation potential
Low level subsistence.

Long term expected utilization and conservation potential for target population or habitat
To restore habitat levels capable of supporting the native fish to historical abundance.

Contribution toward long-term goal
Increase opportunities for sustainable consumptive and non-consumptive resident fisheries that are compatible with the continued persistence of native resident fish species and their restoration to near historic abundances (including incentive fisheries within closed to isolated systems).

Indirect biological or environmental changes
Improves wildlife habitat.

Physical products
To be determined in the first year of the program.

Environmental attributes affected by the project
Water temperature will be decreased by planting trees on the shoreline, putting oxygenators in the grow-out ponds, Eurasian milfoil will be decreased by spot applications of aquaticides, and fences will restrict livestock from fragile riparian areas.

Changes assumed or expected for affected environmental attributes
See above.

Measure of attribute changes
To be determined.

Assessment of effects on project outcomes of critical uncertainty
Will monitor on a quarterly basis.

Information products
Quarterly Reports.

Coordination outcomes
Joint species inventory with BLM and Forest Services will produce an accurate record of species composition.

Implement, monitor and evaluate resident fish habitat improvement and protective measures. Include the following habitat protective measures and improvements: (I) manage reservoir pool levels, (ii) reservoir rehabilitation measures for non-game fish and aquatic vegetation control, (iii) reservoir inlet and outlet screening, (iv) stream riparian zone restoration by planting vegetation, fencing overgrazed areas, and stream bank stabilization, and (v) baseline water quality survey to assess contaminants that may affect trout populations.

Provisions to monitor population status or habitat quality
None - to be determined.

Data analysis and evaluation
Water quality, temperature, dams, streambank, riverbank and shoreline stability, fish species population distribution, and abundance will be analyzed to measure the success of the project.

Information feed back to management decisions
See above.

Critical uncertainties affecting project's outcomes
Flood cannot be controlled. Bank stability, tree planting and dam improvements will lessesn the effects of a flood event.

Water quality; dam integrity; sedimentation; fish population, size, growth, and distribution; bank stability; integrity of an isolated system.

Incorporating new information regarding uncertainties
Using the Adaptive Management Approach, more information will be incorporated into the Tribal Fisheries Management Plan.

Increasing public awareness of F&W activities
The Tribes will highlight BPA’s role in this project through the Tribal Fishing Guide and Regulations.

Section 7. Relationships

Related BPA projectRelationship
9500600 SBT/SPT Joint Culture Facility Provide rainbow and redband trout for stocking in Mountain View, Sheep Creek, and Billy Shaw reservoirs; construct a reservoir to create a fishery
8815600 Duck Valley Fish Stocking Program Stock rainbow trout in Mountain View and Shee Creek reservoirs
Related non-BPA projectRelationship
Shoshone-Paiute Natural Resources Project
Technical Assistance MOU, Bureau of Land ManagementGenetic testing on redband and bull trout, habitat enhancement, technical assistance

Opportunities for cooperation
A joint trout production facility with the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. Partnership with private organization in the State of Idaho, IDFG, BPA, Idaho Power Company, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife, Nevada State Fish & Game, Owyhee County Cattle and Land Use Association, and private organizations.

Section 8. Costs and FTE

1997 Planned  $63,100

Future funding needs   Past obligations (incl. 1997 if done)
FY$ Need% Plan % Implement% O and M
1998240,000  50% 50%
1999240,000  50% 50%
2000240,000  50% 50%
2001240,000  50% 50%
2002240,000  50% 50%
FYOther funding sourceAmountIn-kind value
1998BLM $20,000$25,000
1999BLM $20,000$25,000
2000BLM $20,000$25,000
2001BLM $20,000$25,000
2002BLM $20,000$25,000

Other non-financial supporters
U.S. Forest Service, BIA Natural Resources Program, Southwest Idaho business community.

Longer term costs   $260,000 per year O & M.
FY97 overhead percent   26.6 for FY96. Negotiated amounts vary from year to year, depending upon the Inspector General of the Department of the Interior.

How does percentage apply to direct costs
Total Direct Cost

Contractor FTE   6
Subcontractor FTE   2