FY07-09 proposal 198811535

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Section 1. Administrative

Proposal titleKlickitat Fishery YKFP Design
Proposal ID198811535
OrganizationYakama Confederated Tribes
Short descriptionThis YKFP Design & Construction proposal identifies facilities required to implement YKFP supplementation efforts and to successfully monitor results.
Information transferStatus, quarterly, and annual reporting will be via the BPA project reporting process. Project information is posted to the ykfp.org and BPA web sites. The project will produce NEPA compliance documents, peer-reviewed engineering design plans, blueprints and as-built drawings.
Proposal contact person or principal investigator
Form submitter
Bill Sharp Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation sharp@yakama.com
All assigned contacts
melvin sampson yakama nation mel@yakama.com
Bill Sharp Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation sharp@yakama.com
Adrienne Wilson Yakama Nation Fisheries - YKFP adrienne@yakama.com

Section 2. Locations

Province / subbasin: Columbia Gorge / Klickitat

Lyle Falls Fishway (RM2.2)
Wahkiacus Hatchery & Acclimation Facility (RM 17.0)
Klickitat Hatchery (RM 42.4)
Castile Falls 10/11 Fishway (RM 64.0)
McCreedy Creek Acclimation Site (RM 70.7)

Section 3. Focal species

primary: Chinook All Populations
primary: Coho Unspecified Population
primary: Steelhead Middle Columbia River ESU
secondary: Coastal Cutthroat All Populations
secondary: Pacific Lamprey

Section 4. Past accomplishments

2000 No project activity. YKFP used Klickitat D&C identifier as a placeholder at outset of NPCC Provincial Review Process. See Narrative Section E. for linked activities conducted under projects 199506800 & 198812035.
1999 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.
1998 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.
1997 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.
1996 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.
1995 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.
1994 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.
1993 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.
1992 No project activity specific to Klickitat Subbasin, combined project focused on Yakima Subbasin D&C activities under YKFP - Design and Construction 198811525.

Section 5. Relationships to other projects

Funding sourceRelated IDRelated titleRelationship
BPA 199506335 Klickitat Fishery YKFP M & E Umbrella proposal for monitoring and evaluation of natural production, harvest, ecological and genetic impacts for spring chinook, fall chinook, coho, and steelhead fisheries enhancement projects in the Klickitat Basin. M&E results guide adaptive management decisions.
BPA 199506424 WDFW/YKFP Supp Monitor Activit WDFW policy and technical oversight of the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project via the project's Policy Group and Scientific and Technical Advisory Group as dilineated in the agreed-upon project management structure.
PCSRF - CRITFC 2000-4-02 Castile Falls Passage Improvem Construct a new safety walkway to safely access the Castile Fall 4/5 Fishway. Conduct Geotechnical inspection of Castile Fall Fishways 4/5 and 10/11 to ensure worker safety prior to NOAA reconstruction.
PCSRF - CRITFC 2000-4-03 Swale Creek Acclimation Site D Purchased 5.75 acres of low-bank river frontage on the Klickitat River (RM 17.0) for future development of the Wahkiacus Hatchery & Acclimation Facility. Engineering design and site evaluation has been completed using NOAA Flood Restoration funds. Currently facility functions as the YKFP regional field office.
PCSRF - CRITFC 2003-4-09 Construction of Castille Falls Constructed an in-channel sill at the Castile Falls 4/5 fishway. The Castile Falls 4/5 fishway consists of 22 weirs and 21 pools through a 260 foot long tunnel. The collective drop at these falls is 22 feet. Initial construction of the Falls Number 4&5 fishway began in 1962 and was completed in 1963. Original construction did not include in-channel sill, therefore improper hydraulic conditions existed that severely diminished proper fishway hydraulics.
Other: NOAA [no entry] Castile fishway & Coho acclimation With NOAA Flood Restoration funds, rebuilt Castile Falls Fishways 4/5/ and 10/11 to effectively pass adult salmon into the upper Klickitat Subbasin for the first time since original improper construction in the early 1960's. Acclimation Site Development - completed site evaluation and engineering design for a replacement site to acclimate coho and fall chinook at Wahkiacus (RM 17.0).
BPA 199705600 Klickitat Watershed Enhance Provide monitoring info for enhancement/restoration projects (for project identification and planning and for effectiveness monitoring). Receive data management assistance. This proposal references multiple habitat projects which are working to improve natural productivity throughout the Klickitat Subbasin.
BPA 198812035 Klickitat Mgmt, Data, Habitat Proposal provides for all YN management functions associated with the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project including project planning, O&M, research, data management, and habitat improvement and acquisition actions in the Klickitat Subbasin.

Section 6. Biological objectives

Biological objectivesFull descriptionAssociated subbasin planStrategy
[BO Title left blank] [BO Description left blank] Klickitat Consistent with overall Subbasin Goals (section 2.4, p v), Bio Objectives (Sec 2.5, p v) and Major Findings & Conclusions (Sec 2.6, p v-vii). Consistent with 6.5.3 Fish, pages 354-355. Appendix F pages 6 and 7 regarding program goals.

Section 7. Work elements (coming back to this)

Work element nameWork element titleDescriptionStart dateEnd dateEst budget
Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation NEPA for Klickitat & Wahkiacus Hatcheries & McCreedy Acclimation Site NEPA compliance for Klickitat Hatchery Improvements, Wahkiacus Hatchery & Acclimation Facility, and McCreedy Creek Acclimation. Assume work to be conducted by BPA NEPA staff. Cost projection of 20% of total construction 5/1/2007 4/30/2008 $2,298,200
Biological objectives
Build Artificial Production Facility Klickitat Hatchery Improvements Construct improvement to Klickitat hatchery to implement hatchery reforms guidelines and YKFP supplementation effort. 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $9,841,000
Biological objectives
Build Artificial Production Facility McCreedy Creek Acclimation Facility Construct McCreedy Creek Acclimation Facility in the upper Klickitat Subbasin 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $950,000
Biological objectives
Build Artificial Production Facility Wahkiacus Hatchery & Acclimation Facility Build Wahkiacus Hatchery & Acclimation Facility 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $950,000
Biological objectives
Council 3-step Process: Step 1 Klickitat Subbasin Master Plan Update & Refine current Klickitat Subbasin Master Plan 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $12,000
Biological objectives
Council 3-step Process: Step 2 Klickitat Subbasin Master Plan Conduct Step-2 evaluations per 3-Step guidelines. Identified here are costs for consulting services above those in WEs within this proposal and K-Mgmt # 198812035 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $12,000
Biological objectives
Council 3-step Process: Step 3 Klickitat SubbasinMaster Plan Conduct Step-3 evaluations per 3-Step guidelines. Identified here are costs for consulting services above those in WEs within this proposal and K-Mgmt # 198812035 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $12,000
Biological objectives
Install Fish Passage Structure Lyle Falls Fishway Improvements Reconstruct Lyle Falls Fishway to facilitate increased passage, adult enumeration capabilities and broodstock collection. 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $2,500,000
Biological objectives
Produce Design and/or Specifications Design for Klickitat Hatchery, Wahkiacus Hatchery & Acclimation Facility and McCreedy Creek Acclimation Complete final engineering design for Klickitat Hatchery, WHAF and McCreedy Creek Acclimation. 5/1/2007 4/30/2010 $271,645
Biological objectives

Section 8. Budgets

Itemized estimated budget
Personnel [blank] $43,906 $46,541 $49,333
Fringe Benefits [blank] $11,992 $12,712 $13,475
Supplies [blank] $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Travel [blank] $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Overhead [blank] $11,096 $11,773 $12,408
Other NEPA, Design & Construction Services. FY07 – 09 sequencing of capital expenditures spread evenly across the board. $5,542,036 $5,542,036 $5,542,037
Totals $5,611,530 $5,615,562 $5,619,753
Total estimated FY 2007-2009 budgets
Total itemized budget: $16,846,845
Total work element budget: $16,846,845
Cost sharing
Funding source/orgItem or service providedFY 07 est value ($)FY 08 est value ($)FY 09 est value ($)Cash or in-kind?Status
Totals $0 $0 $0

Section 9. Project future

FY 2010 estimated budget: $0
FY 2011 estimated budget: $0
Comments: Proposed budget assumes that project work will be preformed within the rate period. It is possible because of M&E proposal and subsequent scientific reviews, that hatchery and acclimation facility construction and operation will be deferred to out years.

Future O&M costs: See Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP) - Operations and Maintenance 199701335; Columbia Gorge Province.

Termination date: none
Comments: Continuing project to meet YKFP objectives and/or the Klickitat Subbasin Management and Recovery Plans.

Final deliverables:

Section 10. Narrative and other documents

198811535 Klick Design_Master ISRP Response final.doc Jul 2006

Reviews and recommendations

FY07 budget FY08 budget FY09 budget Total budget Type Category Recommendation
NPCC FINAL FUNDING RECOMMENDATIONS (Oct 23, 2006) [full Council recs]
$2,500,000 $5,000,000 $5,000,000 $12,500,000 Capital ProvinceCapital Fund
NPCC FINAL FUNDING RECOMMENDATIONS (Oct 23, 2006) [full Council recs]
$350,000 $350,000 $350,000 $1,050,000 Expense ProvinceExpense Fund
NPCC DRAFT FUNDING RECOMMENDATIONS (Sep 15, 2006) [full Council recs]
$2,500,000 $5,000,000 $5,000,000 $0 ProvinceCapital
NPCC DRAFT FUNDING RECOMMENDATIONS (Sep 15, 2006) [full Council recs]
$350,000 $350,000 $350,000 $0 ProvinceExpense
Comments: Construction dependent upon favorable step review. Expense portion


Recommendation: Response requested

NPCC comments: General Comments on the Yakama Confederated Tribe’s Klickitat Fisheries Program Proposals: The ISRP struggled a bit with the related suite of Klickitat proposals. Funding for this particular proposal needs to be tied to an updated revised Master Plan. The suite of projects is too fragmented in their current presentation to allow linkages among work projects and goals to be readily seen. Consequently, the ISRP recommends that the proposed project be considered potentially fundable provided certain questions are addressed, with an emphasis on continuing and finishing the Master Plan, continuing with the passage improvements at Lyle and Castile Falls where we suggest that additional monitoring of passage of spring Chinook and steelhead at Castile Falls into the upper meadow sections be carried out. With these exceptions, the ISRP recommends deferring funding of other objectives until completion of the Master Plan. The ISRP requests that project sponsors respond to the following general issues that apply to the set of Klickitat Fisheries proposals as well as comments identified on individual proposals. Opportunities for Management: The ISRP notes that the Klickitat Subbasin presents YKFP Tribal fisheries managers with a distinct, and possibly unique, opportunity to manage a system that could "have it all" with respect to fisheries management opportunities. This could be a marketing and public relations opportunity for the YKFP to present the Klickitat subbasin as THE poster child for enlightened fisheries management in the Columbia River Basin. That ought to be worth something! Because of the geography of the subbasin and the mix of species and stocks involved, it could be possible to have everything from a robust terminal harvest fall Chinook fishery in the lower river to a wild spring Chinook sanctuary in the upper river. The lower river (as it does now) could function as a harvest/hatchery system for fall Chinook and coho, while the middle river section could be managed for a natural steelhead fishery. The upper basin system above Castile Falls could be largely set aside as a wild spring Chinook and steelhead reserve for spawning and rearing habitat. These goals and opportunities differ only slightly from the existing management of the subbasin; however, they would rely on a much more cautious examination of the need for and proposed use of artificial production for spring Chinook and steelhead in the upper basin than is currently proposed. In the current set of proposals it was not possible to determine whether artificial production was needed (or not) to increase steelhead or spring Chinook production. Data were absent from the proposal on run sizes for steelhead and spring Chinook over time that would give some indication of the need (or not) for artificial production intervention. A review of the Klickitat Subbasin Plan (5/28/04) Tables 20 and 21 show that for spring Chinook, wild adult returns ranged from 153 - 1997, averaging 522 fish (Table 20). Data for steelhead returns are less detailed and lump hatchery, wild, summer, and winter fish into a single count. Table 21 shows that escapement estimates for grouped steelhead ranged from 60 - 1100 from 1986 - 2003 and averaged 277 steelhead. This seems somewhat in conflict with a statement in the Subbasin Plan immediately before the table that notes, "the average escapement of naturally spawning (summer and winter, hatchery and wild combined) steelhead in the Klickitat River from 1987 to present [2004] has been fewer than 300 fish." The results from these tables suggest that more information is needed on steelhead abundance and composition (summer/winter, wild/hatchery) and habitat use in order to form longer-range management plans including the need for hatchery intervention on summer steelhead. In contrast, spring Chinook numbers are much greater and are partitioned into hatchery and wild components. The wild component averaged over 500 individuals per year, calling into question the need for a supplementation program for spring Chinook, given the improved passage conditions at Castile Falls and the habitat improvement work in the upper basin. If the two primary bottlenecks for spring Chinook production in the Klickitat have been passage limitations at Castile and habitat degradation on the primary spawning and rearing grounds in the upper basin, these recent steps should release that bottleneck and the population should respond favorably. An interesting experiment for spring Chinook in the upper Klickitat - rather than invoking a supplementation program - would be to closely monitor how the population responds to the removal of these two major production constraints. Comments specific to this proposal: Technical and scientific background: A summary of the status of fish culture activities for spring Chinook, summer steelhead, coho, and fall Chinook salmon is presented, along with identifying four proposals to develop facilities to modify the existing arrangements for culture in the subbasin. The proposal makes a logical argument for the suite of related design and construction needs, if one accepts the goals for the four species/stocks (steelhead, spring Chinook, fall Chinook and coho) at face value. The various facilities are planned to provide: 1) a reduction of coho outplantings in the lower river, which theoretically will reduce competition and density-dependent mortalities among stocks; 2) capture and enumeration of adults of all stocks at Lyle Falls; 3) development of supplementation facilities and protocols for spring Chinook and steelhead that are more consistent with the protocols in YFP and RASP; 4) increased segregation of coho and fall Chinook in the lower 25 miles of the system and steelhead and spring Chinook in the upper river system; and 5) increased access (and monitoring) into the upper basin above Castile Falls for spring Chinook and steelhead. Sponsors make a case that spring Chinook that currently access the upper basin above Castile Falls are a small, but viable remnant wild stock. Sponsors also describe how hatchery spring Chinook are smaller and not able to negotiate Castile Falls. Sponsors suggest that the solution is to increase hatchery production of spring Chinook and to make access through Castile Falls easier. This will of course lead to introgression between the hatchery-origin spring Chinook and the wild-origin spring Chinook that are able to negotiate the falls. An alternative approach would be to manage the wild Chinook population as a wild reserve stock above Castile Falls, as noted above. Segregation of coho and fall Chinook to lower river. The proposal suggests that development of the Wahkiacus facility and acclimation pond will reduce interactions between steelhead and spring Chinook with fall Chinook and coho. One hopes this will be the result, but significant monitoring (and a contingency plan for contrary results) should be identified to verify this expected result. The proposal also needs to spell out more clearly and explicitly (spatially and temporally) how moving the coho and fall Chinook programs to the Wahkiacus facility will keep those species in the lower river and how it will reduce interactions with steelhead and fall Chinook. Project history: A very brief summary of the work is provided on development of fish culture facilities in the Klickitat subbasin under YKFP 198812035 Klickitat Management, Data and Habitat Project; YKFP 199506800 Klickitat Preliminary Design for Passage and Habitat Improvements. The proposal has four parts which include the construction of a Lyle Falls Adult Monitoring and Collection Facility, an acclimation facility at McCreedy Creek, the Wahkiacus Hatchery and Acclimation facility, and Klickitat Fish Hatchery improvements. The history of stocks and this project was also discussed briefly earlier in the narrative. Missing from the project history section is a recounting of the ongoing exchange between the Yakama Nation and the Council (and ISRP) regarding the completion of a final Klickitat Anadromous Fish Management Plan. There have been several iterations; the last was completed in the fall of 2005. The Yakama Nation still has outstanding assessments and evaluations that need to be completed before a scientifically justifiable plan can move to Step-2 in the Three-Step Review process. How and in what time frame the YKFP plans on proceeding with those assessments and evaluations are not discussed in this proposal. Objectives: The broad objective of producing fish for restoration and harvest, and the subbasin's overarching vision is present, but not concise. The objectives in section f. are task specific work elements. Tasks (work elements) and methods: There are four work elements (construction projects): 1) Complete the Lyle Falls fishway and adult collection facility; 2) McCreedy Creek acclimation facility; 3) Wahkiacus Hatchery and Acclimation facility; and 4) Renovation work at the Klickitat Hatchery. Until the Anadromous Fishery Management Plan is complete, the later three facilities are insufficiently justified. Their need should be justified by the plan. Monitoring and evaluation: Some monitoring will occur under this proposal, but most will be directed under 199506335 (Klickitat subbasin monitoring and evaluation). That proposal is not part of this evaluation. Benefits to focal and non-focal species: Benefits to spring Chinook and summer steelhead for alteration of current propagation is likely. These benefits may be offset by deleterious effects from proposed supplementation. Sponsors hypothesize that the project will lead to benefits to focal species. M&E will be needed to verify this hypothesis.

ISRP FINAL REVIEW (Aug 31, 2006)

Recommendation: Fundable in part

NPCC comments: Fundable in Part to complete the Step One review including revision of the Master Plan to reflect due consideration of other alternatives. Funding is qualified, in that the completed Master Plan needs to include a “no artificial production” alternative modeled to achieve the plan’s objectives for steelhead and spring Chinook in the upper Klickitat subbasin. Modeling should provide some type of evidence (model, habitat data, EDT modeling, etc.) that shows the likelihood of achieving upper Klickitat basin objectives with and without supplementation. Modeling should evaluate the potential of a passive natural rebuilding approach over an appropriate response period, perhaps 10-12 years (~ 3 generations), that if not successful could retrigger consideration of the hatchery supplementation program proposed. A habitat-based model might predict the numbers of wild recruits necessary to fully seed the upper part of the watershed - even EDT could do that and would therefore indicate whether supplementation is needed to achieve the upper basin objectives. The ISRP is supportive of the Master Plan’s vision of separating lower river fall Chinook and coho hatchery and harvest operations from the upper river rebuilding objectives for steelhead and spring Chinook.