FY 2002 Mountain Snake proposal 28033

Additional documents

28033 Narrative Narrative
28033 Sponsor Response to the ISRP Response
28033 Powerpoint Presentation Powerpoint Presentation

Section 1. Administrative

Proposal titleMonitoring and evaluating coho salmon reintroduction in the Clearwater River Basin
Proposal ID28033
OrganizationNez Perce Tribe, Department of Fisheries Resources Management (NPT)
Proposal contact person or principal investigator
NameScott Everett
Mailing addressP.O. Box 365 Lapwai, Idaho 83540
Phone / email2088437145 / scotte@nezperce.org
Manager authorizing this projectJaime Pinkham Program Manager, DFRM
Review cycleMountain Snake
Province / SubbasinMountain Snake / Clearwater
Short descriptionMonitor and evaluate the results of the reintrodution of coho salmon to the Clearwater River Subbasin so that operations can be adaptively managed to optimize hatchery and natrual production, sustain harvest and minimize ecological impacts.
Target speciesCoho Salmon- Oncorhynchus Kisutch
Project location
46.4258 -117.0397 Mouth of Clearwater River: Lewiston, ID
46.4511 -116.8183 Clearwater River: Lapwai Creek
46.474 -116.7653 Clearwater River: Potlatch River
46.4777 -116.2525 Clearwater River: Orofino, ID
46.2947 -115.7501 Clearwater River: Eldorado Creek
46.1348 -115.9515 Main Fork Clearwater River: Clear Creek
45.8284 -115.9285 South Fork Clearwater River: Meadow Creek
46.0456 -115.2954 Selway River: Meadow Creek
Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)


Hydro RPA Action 107
Hydro RPA Action 118
Hatchery RPA Action 169
Hatchery RPA Action 174
RM&E RPA Action 182
RM&E RPA Action 184

Relevant RPAs based on NMFS/BPA review:

Reviewing agencyAction #BiOp AgencyDescription

Section 2. Past accomplishments

1995 630,000 coho salmon fry introduced in Clearwater Basin
1996 590,000 coho salmon eggs outplanted in Clearwater River tributaries
1997 Coho Salmon Adult Return Summary.
1998 Combination parr and smolt releases.
1999 Coho Salmon Adult Return Summary.
Initiated Clearwater Coho Broodstock Development.
Documented natural coho spawning.
2000 Coho Salmon Adult Return Summary.
Continued Clearwater Coho Broodstock Development.
Draft Long-Term Coho Salmon Management Plan
Documented natural coho spawning.
2001 Draft Nez Perce Tribe Coho Salmon Reintroduction Program Monitoring & Evaluation Plan

Section 3. Relationships to other projects

Project IDTitleDescription
198335003 Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery Monitoring and Evaluation information exchange, share data gathering techniques, share coordinated site monitoring data
198335000 Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery funds coho salmon management plan for Clearwater River Subbasin
199801005 Pittsburg Landing, Captain John Rapids, and Big Canyon Fall Chinook Acclimation Facilities information exchange relationship- redd surveys and carcass data
199102900 Identification of the Spawning, Rearing, and Migratory Requirements of Fall Chinook Salmon information exchange relationship- aerial redd surveys
199801004 Monitoring and Evaluation of Yearling Snake River Fall Chinook Outplanted Upstream of Lower Granite Dam information exchange relationship- redd surveys and carcass data
199403400 Assessing Summer and Fall Chinook Restoration in the Snake River Basin information exchange relationship- emigration timing and survival, and monitoring of adult returns
200002509 Protect and Restore Lolo Creek Watershed information exchange relationship- temperature, flow and fisheries response
199901700 Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek Watershed information exchange relationship- temperature, flow and fisheries response
199607705 Restore McComas Meadows/Meadow Creek Watershed information exchange relationship- temperature, flow and fisheries response
198712702 Comparative Survival Rate information exchange relationship- PIT-tag data that may be used to make sound inferences about FCRPS passage survival

Section 4. Budget for Planning and Design phase

Task-based budget
ObjectiveTaskDuration in FYsEstimated 2002 costSubcontractor
Outyear objectives-based budget
ObjectiveStarting FYEnding FYEstimated cost
Outyear budgets for Planning and Design phase

Section 5. Budget for Construction and Implementation phase

Task-based budget
ObjectiveTaskDuration in FYsEstimated 2002 costSubcontractor
Outyear objectives-based budget
ObjectiveStarting FYEnding FYEstimated cost
Outyear budgets for Construction and Implementation phase

Section 6. Budget for Operations and Maintenance phase

Task-based budget
ObjectiveTaskDuration in FYsEstimated 2002 costSubcontractor
Outyear objectives-based budget
ObjectiveStarting FYEnding FYEstimated cost
Outyear budgets for Operations and Maintenance phase

Section 7. Budget for Monitoring and Evaluation phase

Task-based budget
ObjectiveTaskDuration in FYsEstimated 2002 costSubcontractor
Objective 1. Determine If Program Targets for Contribution Rate of Hatchery Fish Are Being Achieved and Can Be Improved. A Monitor fish culture and hatchery operational practices at each the facilities utilized for the Nez Perce Tribal Coho reintroduction program. 16 $51,752
B Estimate the number of smolts and adults produced from each hatchery by treatment and rearing strategy. 16 $50,000
C Estimate survival from egg-to-smolt, release-to-smolt, mainstem passage survival, and smolt-to-adult survival for various treatments in each NPT reintroduction stream. 16 $44,000
D Determine the effects of rearing and release treatments on the dispersal of juveniles and returning adults to occupy available habitat in the target streams. 16 $54,000
E Estimate the continuing stocking rates needed in each stream to sustain natural production. 16 $40,000
Objective 2. Determine the Increases in Natural Production That Results from Supplementation of Coho Salmon in the Clearwater River Subbasin, and Relate Them to Limiting Factors. A Determine where, when and how much natural production is occurring in Meadow Creek SFCR. 16 $54,000
B Measure life history traits that may reflect limitations to natural production. 16 $55,000
C Determine the influence of environmental variation on natural production. 16 $45,000
D Revise estimates of carrying capacity based on findings from tasks 2.1-2.4 . 16 $46,000
Objective 3. Monitor genetic profile of introduced coho salmon stock, broodstock developed from adult hatchery returns and naturally returning coho salmon adults. A Determine if there is evidence of genetic change through introgression into chinook salmon populations in non-target streams. 16 $35,000 Yes
Objective 4. Determine how harvest opportunities on spring, early-fall, and fall chinook salmon can be optimized for tribal and non-tribal anglers within Nez Perce Treaty Lands. A Estimate total harvest mortality on hatchery and natural coho salmon from the NPT reintroduction streams. 16 $38,000
B Determine the influence of release strategies on fish availability to harvest in NPT reintroduction streams. 16 $53,000
C Develop run prediction and harvest monitoring to allow harvest of only the surplus fish in NPT coho reintroduction. 16 $46,000
Objective 5. Monitor the ecological interactions. A Monitor the ecological interactions of residual coho salmon, hatchery reared coho parr, and naturally produced coho juveniles with other fish species. 16 $49,000
Objective 6. Effectively communicate monitoring and evaluation program approach and findings to resource managers A Facilitate effective data management and dissemination. 16 $10,000
B Communication of Results and Transfer of Technology. 16 $2,000
C Develop and maintain open communications with all resource managers. 16 $2,000
D Facilitate Nez Perce Tribal Coho Reintroduction program review. 16 $2,000
Outyear objectives-based budget
ObjectiveStarting FYEnding FYEstimated cost
Outyear budgets for Monitoring and Evaluation phase
FY 2003FY 2004FY 2005FY 2006

Section 8. Estimated budget summary

Itemized budget
ItemNoteFY 2002 cost
Personnel FTE: 6.25 $185,375
Fringe $54,990
Supplies $63,849
Travel $12,606
Indirect $146,582
Capital $63,000
PIT tags # of tags: 16000 $36,000
Subcontractor Genetic analysis $20,000
Subcontractor Study Plan/statistical analysis $30,000
Subcontractor CWT marking fish $46,500
Subcontractor Telemetry flights $17,850
Total estimated budget
Total FY 2002 cost$676,752
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA funds$0
Total FY 2002 budget request$676,752
FY 2002 forecast from 2001$0
% change from forecast0.0%
Cost sharing
OrganizationItem or service providedAmountCash or in-kind

Reviews and recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

Fundable only if response is adequate
Sep 28, 2001


Response needed. This large proposal is very well written.

Several items of concern remain:

  1. What are the drawbacks of releasing unclipped fish to assess harvest (p 33)?
  2. Objective 3 includes assessment of possible introgression with chinook (to what extent does this occur?) but does not seem to address how that might be done (p 42),
  3. Some chinook work is proposed (p 42 - 46) that seems out of place or is a typographical error.
  4. The issue of possible deleterious effects on chinook and steelhead (p 47) is only weakly addressed.
  5. This project does nothing to address the reasons for the coho decline.

High Priority/ Recommended Action
Nov 30, 2001


Coho supplementation is ongoing and data collection is needed to evaluate those efforts. Monitoring of juvenile survival, SAR, and adult return abundance of the hatchery origin coho is considered a high priority. The remaining tasks could be deferred. Recommend that the priority ranking of HP be given to the a reduced scope of this proposal that would focus M&E efforts on: (1) juvenile survival, (2) SAR's, and (3) adult return abundance of the hatchery origin component. Reduced budget of $240,000 required. Co-management commit through US vs Oregon fall fishery agreement to "use their best efforts to secure funding for monitoring and evaluation programs to implement the production actions in this agreement". NMFS 1999 BiOp on Art. Prop. Recommends the Clearwater River Coho Restoration program determine the most effective strategies for restoration, including marking and subsequent evaluation.
Do Not Fund
Dec 21, 2001


It was the consensus of the ISRP that this work is not fundable, at least until the time when the coho reintroduction program shows some reasonable promise of being able to contribute to the Clearwater fishery program. In the meantime dam counts should suffice. Reviewers are not convinced that the Clearwater provides the appropriate setting for a significant coho resource and its habitat (unlike, for example, the Grand Ronde) is not conducive for coho. Reviewers also note that SARs to date for releases since 1995, while a preliminary indication, have been so low as to portend poor performance. All in all, the ISRP feels it is premature to fund this effort at the present.

The proponents are referred to the programmatic section of this report on Monitoring, the specific comments on Aquatic Monitoring and Evaluation, and the specific comments on Terrestrial Monitoring and Evaluation.

Feb 1, 2002


Statement of Potential Biological Benefit to ESU
Benefits are indirect. Should provide information on the impacts of the introduction of non-indigenous coho stock into tributaries with listed steelhead and fall chinook

NMFS supports coho reintroduction into suitable habitat, but the impacts of mid-summer releases of fed coho fry into steelhead spawning and rearing areas at the same time and place that listed steelhead are emerging is potentially large. However, if the coho reintroduction is going to occur, there must be adequate monitoring, thus the 1998 Opinion required monitoring and evaluation of effects from competition, predation, and residualism on listed species.

Already ESA Req? Yes

Biop? No

Feb 11, 2002


Do not recommend.



Do Not Fund
Apr 19, 2002